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Upc Polska LLC – IPO: ‘S-1’ on 6/24/97 – EX-10.20

As of:  Tuesday, 6/24/97   ˇ   Accession #:  950123-97-5255   ˇ   File #:  333-29869

Previous ‘S-1’:  None   ·   Next:  ‘S-1/A’ on 7/15/97   ·   Latest:  ‘S-1/A’ on 7/29/97

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  As Of                Filer                Filing    ForˇOnˇAs Docs:Size              Issuer               Agent

 6/24/97  Upc Polska LLC                    S-1                   29:1.6M                                   RR Donnelley/FA

Initial Public Offering (IPO):  Registration Statement (General Form)   —   Form S-1
Filing Table of Contents

Document/Exhibit                   Description                      Pages   Size 

 1: S-1         @Entertainment, Inc.                                 185   1.02M 
 2: EX-2.1      Form of Contribution Agreement                        20     57K 
 3: EX-2.2      Form of Purchase Agreement                            10     33K 
 4: EX-3.1      Amended & Restated Certificate of Incorporation       18     73K 
 5: EX-3.2      Bylaws of @Entertainment, Inc.                        40    174K 
 6: EX-3.3      Form of Shareholders Agreement                        80    230K 
 7: EX-3.4      Termination Agreement                                  3     14K 
 8: EX-3.5      Form of Registration Rights Agreement                 23     74K 
 9: EX-5        Opinion of Baker & McKenzie                            2     13K 
10: EX-8        Form of Opinion of Baker & McKenzie                    1     10K 
11: EX-9.1      Form of Voting Agreement                               7     26K 
12: EX-9.2      Side Letter                                            5     16K 
15: EX-10.11    Employment Agreement                                   6     37K 
16: EX-10.12    Stock Option Agreement                                11     54K 
17: EX-10.13    Form of Employment Agreement                           5     37K 
18: EX-10.14    Form of Employment Agreement                           6     33K 
19: EX-10.15    Stock Option Agreement                                11     53K 
20: EX-10.16    Form of Stock Option Plan                             29     74K 
21: EX-10.19    Agreement for Digital Transmission                    96    233K 
13: EX-10.2     Form of Management Agreement                           3     12K 
22: EX-10.20    Agreement for Digital Transmission                    95    231K 
23: EX-10.21    Agreement for Digital Transmission                    95    235K 
14: EX-10.3     Form of Service Agreement                             12     38K 
24: EX-11.1     Statement Re: Calculation of Per Share Earnings        1     10K 
25: EX-15       Letter From Kpmg Peat Marwick LLP                      1     10K 
26: EX-21       List of Subsidiaries                                   1     11K 
27: EX-23.1     Consent of Kpmg Peat Marwick LLP                       1     11K 
28: EX-23.2     Consent of Kpmg Peat Marwick LLP                       1     11K 
29: EX-27     ƒ Financial Data Schedule                                1     11K 


EX-10.20   —   Agreement for Digital Transmission
Exhibit Table of Contents

Page (sequential) | (alphabetic) Top
 
11st Page   -   Filing Submission
18Digital broadcasting systems for television, sound and data services; Specification for Service Information (SI) in Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) systems
351. Introduction
362. Antenna System
382.3. Off-axis Antenna Gain Pattern
"2.4. Polarisation
"2.5. Motorisation, Antenna Pointing and Tracking
393. Rf Equipment
"3.1. Frequency Range and Agility
"3.2. E.i.r.p. Capability
"3.3. Transmitter Inhibit
403.4. Out-of-Band e.i.r.p. Emission
"3.5. Off-axis e.i.r.p. Density
"3.6. Frequency Stability
414. Amplitude and Group Delay Distortions
"4.1. FM TV transmission in FSS and BSS bands
424.2. Digital transmission in FSS and BSS bands
445. Baseband Parameters for Fm Tv Transmission
"5.1. General
"5.2. PAL Transmission Standard
"5.2.1.1. Frequency Deviation
"5.2.1.2. Energy Dispersal
455.2.1.3. Pre-emphasis
"5.2.3.1. Audio Channel Modes
495.2.3.2. Subcarrier Frequency
505.2.3.3. Subcarrier Bandwidth
"5.2.3.4. Subcarrier Modulation Index
"5.2.3.5. Analogue Audio
"5.2.3.5.3. Pre-emphasis
515.2.3.6. Digital Audio
"5.2.3.6.1. Sampling Method
"5.2.3.6.3. Auxiliary Data
"5.2.3.7. Network Control Carrier
"5.2.4 Teletext
526. Channel Coding, Modulation, Multiplexing and Source Coding for Digital Services
"6.1. General
"6.2. Modulation
"6.2.2. FSS bands
"6.2.3. Earth Station Degradation
"6.3. Channel coding
546.5. Multiplexing
"6.5.1. General
"6.5.2. Transport Stream
"6.5.3. Service Information
556.6. Source Coding
567. Astra Satellite Information
"7.1. ASTRA 1 series
"7.1.1. ASTRA 1 Transponder Frequency Plan
657.2. ASTRA 2 series
698. Orbital Position / Station Keeping
"9. Beacon Information
709.4. ASTRA 2B Beacon Details
72Annex 1
"Multiplex Diagnostic Table (Mdt)
792 Concept of the Astra Service Information Update System
813.1 SI Data Structures considered by ASIUS
"3.1.1 Network Information Table (NIT)
84Service Description Table (SDT)
863.4 SI Data Distribution
884 Glossary
895 References
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Exhibit 10.20 CONFIDENTIAL ------------------- AGREEMENT ------------------- for digital transmission on the ASTRA system between SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES S.A. PCI PROGRAMMING INC.
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CONFIDENTIAL [Download Table] 1. Interpretation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2. Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3. Term . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 4. Charges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 5. Spare TWTA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 6. Unavailability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 7. Excluding Circumstances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 8. Interruption Testing and Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 9. Pre-emption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 10. Use of Transponder and Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 11. Service Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 12. Compliance with Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 13. SES' Authority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 14. Assignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 15. Termination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 16. Effect of Termination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 17. Force Maieure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 18. Limitation of Liability - Exclusivity of Remedies . . . . . 12 19. Indemnities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 20. Confidentiality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 21. Trademark - Logo and Press Releases . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 22. Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 23. Severability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 24. Waiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 25. Entire Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 26. Amendment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 27. Proper Law and Jurisdiction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 2
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CONFIDENTIAL [Download Table] 28. Legal Opinion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 29. Condition Precedent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 30. Marketing Cooperation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 [Download Table] SCHEDULE I: Satellite and Transponder Description and Performance Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 SCHEDULE II: Customer Signals, Customer Uplink Signals and Uplink Facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 SCHEDULE III: Service(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 SCHEDULE IV: Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 SCHEDULE V: Conditional Access system . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 SCHEDULE VI: Charges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 SCHEDULE VII: Priority and Pre-emption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 SCHEDULE VIII: ASTRA Access Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 SCHEDULE IX: ASIUS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 3
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CONFIDENTIAL AGREEMENT DATED 26 MARCH 1997 BETWEEN: (1) Societe Europeenne des Satellites S.A. L-6815 Chateau de Betzdorf, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg ("SES"); and (2) PCI Programming Inc. c/o Poland Communications Inc. 1 Commercial Plaza Hartford, CT 06033, USA (the "Customer") PREAMBLE: (A) SES is the operator of the ASTRA satellite system which comprises several satellites co-located at 19.2 degrees East for the retransmission of television and radio services; (B) The satellite, described in Schedule I-A hereto, is part of this satellite system; (C) The Customer wishes to use transponder capacity on a transponder of said satellite to transmit the digital services described herein on the terms and conditions set out below; IT IS HEREBY AGREED AS FOLLOWS: 1. INTERPRETATION 1.1 In this Agreement, the following words and expressions shall have the meanings ascribed to them below: "Cahier des Charges" : the ministerial enactment (arrete ministeriel) of the Luxembourg government setting out the duties to be observed by SES in performance of the Concession; "Concession" : the concession contract ("Contrat de Concession") entered into by the government of Luxembourg and SES to enable SES to operate the Satellite System and any amendment thereof; "Customer Downlink Signals" : downlink RF(1)-QPSK(2) modulated time division multiplexed carrier carrying the Service(s) from the Customer's Transponder; -------------------------- 1. Radio frequency 2. Quadrature phase shift keying 4
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"Customer Signals": the bit stream, carrying the Service(s), produced by the Customer and transmitted to the Uplink Facilities for onward transmission via the Customer's Transponder and conforming to SCHEDULE II; "Customer Start Date" or "CSD": the date on which the Customer has agreed to commence the transmission of the Service(s) on the Customer's Transponder, being the date upon which the Board of SES and the Government of Luxembourg have given their approval even if the Government's approval and operational service date of ASTRA 1G has occurred; "Customer Uplink Signals": the RF-QPSK modulated time division multiplexed carrier, carrying the Service(s), transmitted from the Uplink Facilities to the Customer's Transponder and conforming to SCHEDULE II; "Customer's Transponder": the transponder capacity on the Satellite as described in SCHEDULE I-B, or any alternative transponder capacity subsequently allocated to the Customer pursuant hereto, and via which the Customer transmits the Service(s); "Expiry Date": the last day of the Term; "LIBOR": the one month London inter bank offered rate, applying to the currency of this Agreement, as quoted by Banque et Caisse d'Epargne de l'Etat in Luxembourg on the due date for payment; "Minimum Transponder Performance": as defined in SCHEDULE I-D; "Operational Service Dates" or "OSD": the date on which SES declared the Satellite operational, being 1 June 1996; "Payment Period": a period of the Term in respect of which payments are payable or have been paid pursuant to SCHEDULE VI; "Pre-emption": the deliberate interruption and/or cessation of the availability of a transponder by SES in accordance with the rules set out in SCHEDULE VII and "Pre-empt" shall be construed accordingly; "Received Signal Power": as defined in SCHEDULE I-D; "Satellite": the ASTRA 1F satellite as described in SCHEDULE I-A; "Service(s)": the Customer's services described in SCHEDULE III; "SES' Associates": SES' officers, employees, consultants, agents, contractors or subcontractors however it is understood that CLT/DTS performing the play-out for the Customer, are not considered as SES Associate; "Spare TWTA": a spare travelling wave tube amplifier which can be switched to recover traffic on the Satellite; "Target Market": as defined in SCHEDULE III; "Term": the duration of this Agreement as specified in CLAUSE 3; "transponder": a part of the Satellite which receives, amplifies and frequency. 5
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CONFIDENTIAL translates the uplink signals and retransmits them as downlink signals; "UNAVAILABLE", UNAVAILABILITY": as defined in CLAUSE 6; "UPLINK FACILITIES": all equipment and ancillary facilities used to transmit the Customer Uplink Signals to the Satellite conforming to SCHEDULE II; "VAT": Value added tax or any similar tax or charge. 1.2 In case of conflict between this Agreement and the Schedules hereto, this Agreement shall prevail. 2. AGREEMENT With effect from CSD SES will perform the transmission of the Customer Uplink Signals carrying the Service(s) by exclusively providing the Customer's Transponder for the purpose and monitor the digital transmission of the Customer Uplink Signals on the terms set out herein. This Agreement does not include multiplexing and uplinking. 3. TERM 3.1 This Agreement shall begin on the date hereof and expire on the tenth (10th) anniversary of CSD. 3.2 Either party may terminate this Agreement upon 6 months written notice if the Customer does not target the Polish DTH market prior to 1 January 1999. "Target the Polish DTH market" means that (i) the Customer shall have a licence or permit (if necessary) for its activity and (ii) actively markets and promotes DTH reception by ensuring availability in the market of decoder boxes (integrated receiver devices ("IRD's"). 3.3 Notwithstanding any other term of this Agreement: (i) SES may terminate this Agreement immediately by notice in writing to the Customer if an event of free majeure prevents the Satellite from becoming operational; (ii) The Customer may terminate this Agreement by not less than thirty (30) days prior written notice to SES at any time prior to 31 December 1998. In either case, each party shall be discharged of all liability and obligation to the other. 4. CHARGES 4.1 The Customer shall pay the charges set out in SCHEDULE VI as and on the dates set out therein. 4.2 Sums overdue shall be subject to a late payment interest charge at 2% over LIBOR from the due date. The interest shall accrue on a daily basis. 4.3 All sums payable by the Customer under SCHEDULE VI are quoted exclusive of any VAT or other tax or duties. The Customer undertakes to pay any applicable VAT, other tax or duties upon receipt of an appropriate invoice from SES. 4.4 All sums due under this Agreement shall be paid in full without set-off, counter-claim or other deduction. 4.5 Any sums owed by SES to the Customer for Unavailability pursuant to CLAUSE 6 shall be calculated by SES within 15 days from the date on which such an event occurred and shall be paid to the Customer within thirty (30) days thereafter. If the Customer disagrees with the amount so calculated and notified by SES, the Customer shall so notify SES in writing and the parties shall seek in good faith to resolve the disagreement. Payments for Unavailability after the due date for 6
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payment determined hereunder shall accrue interest at the rate set out in CLAUSE 4.2, unless such payments are in dispute. 4.6 In the circumstances set out in CLAUSE 7.2, the Customer shall not be relieved of its obligation to pay the charges payable hereunder. 5. SPARE TWTA If the Customer's Transponder becomes Unavailable and if a spare TWTA is available, then, subject to the priority rules set out in SCHEDULE VII, SES shall provide its use to the Customer as soon as reasonably possible. 6. UNAVAILABILITY 6.1 The Customer's Transponder shall be regarded as Unavailable if: 6.1.1. the Received Signal Power falls below the Minimum Transponder Performance by more than 1 dB; 6.1.2 the interruption of the Service(s) pursuant to CLAUSE 8.1 exceeds thirty (30) minutes in any calendar quarter; 6.1.3 any failure of the Satellite or any part thereof causes an interruption of transmissions of the Service(s); or 6.1.4 the 27.5 MS/s QPSK digital carrier at the centre frequency of the Customer's Transponder, complying fully with SCHEDULE II, which saturates the Customer's Transponder as indicated by the satellite DLA input power telemetry as specified by SES and has a 3/4 rate FEC, exhibits a Bit Error Rate worse than 10-9 when received on a typical 60 cm antenna with no pointing error, with a G/T of no worse than 13.5 dB/K located in Betzdorf, Luxembourg, under clear sky conditions. It is understood that SES shall have no obligation to monitor the bit error rate. 6.2 During any period of Unavailability the Customer may obtain (at its cost) temporary bridging services from an alternative service provider. The Customer's payment obligations hereunder shall be suspended from the start of the period of Unavailability to the end of such period or, if later, the date the Customer's arrangements for bridging services in respect of such period of Unavailability come to an end, however such date shall not be later than 30 days after the end of any period of Unavailability. In this regard, SES shall refund to the Customer the pro rata temporis portion of the charges paid by the Customer for the period of Unavailability and/or the Customer shall not be liable to pay SES the pro rata temporis portion of the charges payable (but not yet paid) in respect of such period of Unavailability (as applicable). 6.3 If the Customer's Transponder becomes Unavailable for a period of thirty (30) or more consecutive days, then the Customer may terminate the Agreement by written notice to SES ( provided that such notice is sent while the Customer's Transponder is Unavailable) and CLAUSE 16.1 shall apply. 7
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CONFIDENTIAL 6.4 Clauses 5, 6.2 and 6.3 shall be the Customer's sole remedies in the event of an Unavailability and SES shall have no other obligation. 7. EXCLUDING CIRCUMSTANCES Clauses 6.2 and 6.3 shall not apply: 7.1 to an Unavailability caused by an act or omission of the Customer or of the customer's Associates; 7.2 where the Customer Signals, the Customer Uplink Signals or the Uplink Facilities do not comply with Schedule II or where the Customer Signals are not received by the Uplink Facilities or the Customer Uplink Signals are not received by the Customer's Transponder due to no fault of SES or any SES Associate. 8. INTERRUPTION, TESTING AND MONITORING 8.1 SES shall be entitled to interrupt the Service(s) and to require the Customer to cease transmission of the Customer Uplink Signals where necessary (i) to provide the cause of a Spare TWTA, and (ii) for operational testing, maintenance, monitoring, preventive or curative repair or adjustment to be carried out either with respect to the Satellite as a whole or part thereof, or one or more of its transponders where necessary, in SES' reasonable opinion, to preserve the integrity of the Satellite or the overall quality of the satellite transmissions in the short, medium or long term. SES shall give the Customer as much notice thereof as is practicable in the circumstances and shall agree with the Customer upon the date and time of interruption wherever possible. 8.2 SES shall also be entitled to interrupt the Service(s) or to require the Customer to cease transmission of the Customer Uplink Signals if the Customer is in breach of its obligations hereunder ALWAYS PROVIDED THAT if such breach is due to a technical issue, SES shall not interrupt the Service(s) without allowing the Customer reasonable period of time to correct it, unless the technical issue either (i) is interfering with another customer of SES, (ii) could cause potentially damage or degradation to the Satellite or to its proper functioning or (iii) could affect the quality of the transmissions provided by the Satellite. Nothing in this CLAUSE 8.2 shall permit SES to interrupt the Services in circumstances where there is a bona fide dispute between the parties as to any fees due to be paid under this Agreement. Any such dispute, if not resolved by negotiation, shall be dealt with as provided for in CLAUSE 27. 8.3 SES shall monitor the Customer Uplink Signals and the performance of the Customer's Transponder in accordance with the provisions of SCHEDULE IV and supply an analysis of the results when so requested by the Customer. Such data shall be limited to information which SES can reasonable be expected to obtain and which it can reveal without liability or breach of any duty to any third party. Such information shall be kept confidential. 8.4 The Customer shall procure that the operator of the Uplink Facilities shall assist SES in making any tests to ensure that such Facilities and the Customer Uplink 8
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CONFIDENTIAL Signals comply with Clause 10.3 8.5 All Service(s) using the Customer's Transponder shall be uplinked from the same uplink antenna. 9. PRE-EMPTION - Intentionally deleted - 10. USE OF TRANSPONDER AND ENCRYPTION 10.1 The frequencies for the Customer Uplink Signals and the Customer Downlink Signals initially allocated by SES shall be those stated in Schedule 1-B or notified to the Customer before CSD. 10.2 The Customer shall, on CSD, commence transmitting the Service(s) and thereafter maintain full transmission of the majority of the Service(s) as described in SCHEDULE III. For the avoidance of doubt this CLAUSE 10.2 is not designed to interfere with the Customer's plans for the roll out of the Service(s) and SES accepts that such plans do not envisage the transmission of a full complement of Service(s) for the first year of this Agreement and may also mean that the Customer does not have any Service(s) ready to commence transmission on CSD. 10.3 The Customer shall procure that the Customer Signals and Customer Uplink Signals and Uplink Facilities comply with SCHEDULE II and do not interfere with or damage the Satellite or any of its transponders. 10.4 The Customer may, if so provided in SCHEDULE V, encrypt the Customer Signals provided that the Customer, at its costs, provides SES with ten operational decoders authorised for reception and any other equipment needed to receive the Customer Downlink Signals. 10.5 SES shall have the right, at any time, to replace the transponder carrying the Service(s) on the Satellite by another transponder on any other ASTRA satellite at the same orbital position provided that the replacement transponder has the same polarization, bandwidth and the same uplink and downlink signal frequency as the transponder used by the Customer prior to such replacement and provides Minimum Transponder Performance. Unless SES uplinks the Service(s), SES will endeavour to provide to the Customer advance notice of 24 hours to perform the necessary operations to uplink the Service(s) to the other ASTRA satellite. To avoid a Service interruption, the Customer shall take all necessary arrangements with the operator of the Uplink Facilities to accommodate such a transponder replacement and SES will either (i) move the Customer's Transponder in tandem with any other customer's transponder on the Satellite or (ii) relax the technical requirements of the Access Agreement to require only two (2) uplinks for the three (3) allocated customer's transponders with frequencies in the E and F bands. 10.6 The Customer shall not use the Customer's Transponder in any way not specified in this Agreement. 11. SERVICE INFORMATION The Customer shall provide to SES the Service(s) information in compliance with SCHEDULE III. 9
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CONFIDENTIAL 12. COMPLIANCE WITH LAW 12.1 The Customer shall comply to all material extent with all laws, regulations or provisions relevant for the performance of this Agreement, shall, where necessary, at all times have and comply with a broadcasting license or authorization for the Service(s) and shall promptly inform SES of any material change thereof. If the Service(s) is not subject to the laws of a member of the European Union it shall, nevertheless, comply with the provisions of the ""Television Without Frontiers'' directive of 3 October 1989, as may be amended, as transposed into the laws of Luxembourg being currently Article 6 and Chapter IV of the Luxembourg Electronic Media Law of 27 July 1991. 12.2 SES shall not exercise its right to terminate this Agreement under CLAUSE 15.1 by reason of non-compliance by the Customer pursuant to CLAUSE 12.1 except where such non-compliance has been determined by a court or other authority with competent jurisdiction or where otherwise requested by the Government of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Moreover if compliance with CLAUSE 12.1 would result in the contravention of any future law or regulation in the Target Market, its non-compliance with CLAUSE 12.1 shall constitute an event of force majeure. 13. SES' AUTHORITY This Agreement is subject to the continuing right of SES to provide the Customer's Transponder pursuant to the Concession and the Cahier des Charges. If this right is withdrawn, then this Agreement shall terminate automatically unless the Government of Luxembourg wishes to undertake SES' rights and obligations hereunder. In either case, SES shall be discharged of all liability and obligation to the Customer subject to CLAUSE 16. 14. ASSIGNMENT 14.1 Subject to the remainder of this CLAUSE 14 the Customer shall not assign, transfer, sub-let, or otherwise allow any third party to directly or indirectly exercise its rights, in whole or in part, under this Agreement. For the purpose hereof, an assignment shall also include a change in the control of the Customer or of a substantial part of its assets or business. 14.2 SES hereby authorises the Customer at any time to assign its rights under this Agreement to (a) any affiliate or (b) Procable Sp Z O.O. (""Procable'') provided that the Customer retains not less than a 33% shareholding in Procable, and in any such event on condition that the Customer agrees to continue to be bound by all its obligations and liabilities hereunder and to hold SES harmless from any breach of this Agreement by its Assignee. For the purposes of this CLAUSE 14.2, a company will be regarded as an affiliate of the Customer if the Customer holds not less than a 50% interest in the shares or equivalent of that company or if the company holds at least 50% interest in the Customer or a company being under common control with the Customer. 14.3 Upon SES' and the Luxembourg Government prior written consent, which shall not be unreasonably withheld or delayed, the Customer may sub-contract the benefit of 10
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CONFIDENTIAL this Agreement to any third party provided that (i) no such sub-contract shall relieve the Customer of its obligations and liabilities under this Agreement and the Customer shall be responsible for the acts, default and omissions of the sub- contractor, its employees and agents as fully as if they were acts, default, omissions of the Customer itself and (ii) the Customer will share revenues exceeding the charge payable in the relevant calendar year with SES on a 50/50 basis. 15. TERMINATION In addition to the termination rights provided herein including without limitation the Customer's right to terminate as specified in CLAUSE 6.3, a party may terminate this Agreement forthwith by written notice of the other party: 15.1 commits a material breach of its obligations hereunder and fails to remedy such breach (if capable of remedy) within thirty (30) days of written notice from the party requiring such breach to be remedied (for the avoidance of doubt, circumstances giving rise to the right to terminate under CLAUSE 3.2 or CLAUSE 6.3 do not constitute a material breach); 15.2 is unable to pay its debts as they mature; becomes insolvent; is subject to bankruptcy, reorganisation, moratorium, insolvency or similar proceedings for the relief of financially distressed debtors; is subject to winding up, dissolution or liquidation (judicial or non-judicial) proceedings; voluntarily or involuntarily suspends or discontinues its business; liquidates or sells a substantial part of its assets; makes an assignment for the benefit of its creditors; or is subject to the appointment of a receiver, liquidator or other third party over its assets or business; or 15.3 has been prevented by an event of force majeure from materially performing its obligations hereunder for sixty (60) days or more. SES will waive its right to terminate the Agreement if and for such period of time the Customer continues to pay the charge hereunder. 16. EFFECT OF TERMINATION 16.1 Where the Agreement is terminated (i) by the Customer, pursuant to CLAUSES 6.3, 15.1 or 15.2, (ii) by either party, pursuant to CLAUSE 15.3, or (iii) automatically pursuant to CLAUSE 13, then SES shall refund to the Customer the pro rata temporis portion of the advance payments made by the Customer pursuant to SCHEDULE VI relating to the unexpired portion of the Payment Period in progress on the date of termination. SES may deduct from such amount all payments, taxes and duties payable to governments or other entities for which the Customer is liable hereunder and all sums owed to SES at that time. 16.2 Where SES terminates this Agreement pursuant to CLAUSES 15.1 or 15.2, the Customer shall forthwith pay to SES any sum owed by the Customer to SES at that time and shall continue to be liable for and to pay the charge provided in SCHEDULE VI (as if the Agreement had not been terminated) until such time as SES allocates the Customer's Transponder to another customer. SES shall have no obligation to market the Customer's Transponder in priority to unused transponder capacity on 11
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CONFIDENTIAL SES' satellites and for a price inferior to that payable by the Customer to SES (unless the Customer makes up for the difference); however, SES shall use its reasonable efforts to mitigate ITS losses. If the Customer's Transponder is allocated to another customer, SES shall refund to the Customer the pro rata temporis portion of the advance payments made by the Customer pursuant to SCHEDULE VI relating to the unexpired portion of the Payment Period in progress on the date at which the other customer starts transmitting. 17. FORCE MAJEURE Neither party shall be considered to be in breach or be liable for any damage suffered by the other party or its Associates, by reason of any failure to perform any obligation hereunder if and for so long as such failure is the result of an event of force majeure. Subject to CLAUSE 15.3, the respective obligations of both parties shall be suspended for such time as such an event prevents either party from performing its obligations. 18. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY - EXCLUSIVITY OF REMEDIES 18.1 Without prejudice to CLAUSES 5,6, and 16, SES shall not be liable to the Customer or to the Customer's Associates in any way whatsoever, except for its gross negligence ("faute lourde") or wilful misconduct ("dol"). 18.2 The remedies expressly provided in this Agreement are the sole remedies available to the parties and the parties waive any other rights that they may have. 19. INDEMNITIES 19.1 The Customer shall totally indemnify SES and SES' Associates and customers against all claims, losses, damages, expenses arising from: 19.1.1 damages caused to third parties as a result of a breach by the Customer of this Agreement or a civil duty; 19.1.2 infringement of copyright, defamation, libel or invasion of privacy (or any allegation thereof) arising in the course of the use of the Customer's Transponder; 19.1.3 claims in any way connected with the quality or contents of any programme or display transmitted as part of the Service(s), or with any failure, however caused, to perform an obligation owed to any person to transmit any such programme or display; 19.1.4 infringement by the Customer by virtue of exercising its rights under this Agreement of any other third party right; 19.1.5 damage caused to the Satellite by the Customer or the operator of the Uplink Facilities save where SES is said operator. 19.2 A party (the "First Party") shall indemnify the other party against all caims, losses, 12
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CONFIDENTIAL damages or expenses arising from an infringement of patent caused by the use of any apparatus or system provided by the First Party to the other. 19.3 Neither party shall admit any liability or make any concession in respect of any claim brought against it for which it may seek an indemnity under this CLAUSE 19 without the prior written consent of the indemnifying party and the indemnifying party shall have the right to control any such proceedings at its own costs and expenses. 20. CONFIDENTIALITY Each party shall, and shall procure that its Associates shall, both throughout the TERM and thereafter, keep confidential the provisions of this Agreement together with all other information disclosed on a confidential basis by the other party hereunder and shall not disclose the same to any person except when acting under a court order. Unless otherwise specified in writing, all information regarding the performance of the Satellite or the Customer's Transponder or the business affairs of the parties shall be regarded as confidential. Where necessary to secure its financing or otherwise in the legitimate course of its business, each party shall have the right to disclose this Agreement to its professional advisors, financial institutions and stock exchanges authorities. 21. TRADEMARK - LOGO AND PRESS RELEASES 21.1 Each party agrees to allow the other to use its trademark and logo, free of charge, throughout the Term, solely for the purpose of indicating in any document, advertising or communication made or commissioned by such party that the Service(s) is transmitted via the ASTRA satellite system. 21.2 The parties shall agree on a press release to announce this Agreement. 22. NOTICES Any notice shall be in writing and shall be sent to the address of the party to be served as above written or to such other address previously notified to the other party. All notices shall be delivered by hand, registered, or certified post or facsimile. Notices shall be deemed to have been received: (i) if delivered by hand, upon such delivery, (ii) if sent by post, (seventy-two) 72 hours after the envelope containing such notice was posted, or (iii) if sent by facsimile, when the transmission of the facsimile is complete. Notices sent by facsimile shall be confirmed by letter. The initial facsimile number of the parties are: (i) SES: (352) 710 725 291, (ii) the Customer: (48) 22 43 56 31 or (48) 22 43 65 31. 23. SEVERABILITY In the event that a provision of this Agreement is held to be invalid, inapplicable or unenforceable such provision shall be replaced by one which comes closest to the intention of the parties and the remaining provisions of this Agreement shall be unimpaired. 13
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CONFIDENTIAL 24. WAIVER No relaxation, delay or indulgence by either party in enforcing any right under this Agreement shall operate as a waiver thereof. 25. ENTIRE AGREEMENT This Agreement, with the Schedules, is the entire agreement between the parties in connection with the subject matter hereof and there are no other agreements, written or oral. This Agreement supersedes all prior understandings, representations or communications between the parties and each party declares that it has not relied on any representation except as expressly set out herein. 26. AMENDMENT No provision of this Agreement may be amended, waived or terminated, nor may any breach thereof be waived otherwise than (in each case) by the express written agreement of the parties hereto. The Agreement will, where necessary, be amended to reflect the reasonable changes made by the Luxembourg Government to the Concession or the Cahier des Charges or the Luxembourg Laws. 27. PROPER LAW AND JURISDICTION This Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and the parties hereby submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the Luxembourg courts. 28. LEGAL OPINION The Customer shall, at SES' request and cost, procure a legal opinion issued by the Customer's external counsel in favour of SES' lending institutions, in a form reasonably satisfactory to SES and its lending institutions. 29. CONDITION PRECEDENT This Agreement is subject to (i) the approval of the Board of SES, the Board of the Customer and of the Government of Luxembourg and (ii) the availability of the Customer's Transponder at SES. The parties shall each use their reasonable efforts to obtain the approvals required and SES shall use its reasonable efforts to make the Customer's Transponder available as soon as practicable after contract signature but in any event before 30 April 1997. 30. MARKETING COOPERATION Taking into account the Customer's plan to introduce into the market an aggregate amount of 500,000 IRD's during the start phase of DTH SES and the Customer shall cooperate jointly 14
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CONFIDENTIAL in the marketing activities for rolling out the Customer's digital services. Such cooperation shall be mutually agreed from time to time. IN WITNESS WHEREOF the duly authorised representatives of the parties hereto have executed this agreement in two originals on the date first before written. PCI PROGRAMMING INC. SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES S.A. ------------------- -------------------- By: Romain Bausch Title: Director General 15
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CONFIDENTIAL SCHEDULE I: SATELLITE AND TRANSPONDER DESCRIPTION AND PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATIONS A. ASTRA 1F SATELLITE DESCRIPTION 1. Satellite Manufacturer : Hughes Communications Int. Inc. 2. Expected Fuel Lifetime (from OSD) : 14 years 3. Satellite Station-keeping accuracy : Longitude +/- 0.10 degrees Inclination +/- 0.10 degrees 4. Stabilisation System : 3 axis 5. Designed Channel Capacity : A maximum of 20 transponders at start of life reducing to 20 transponders at end of life can be operated simultaneously. All transponders are eclipse protected and may be selected from the following configurations: 18 transponders in the 17300 - 17700 MHz uplink and 11700 - 12100 MHz downlink frequency band, 16 transponders in the 12750 - 13000 MHz uplink and 10700 - 10950 MHz downlink frequency band (ASTRA 1D backup), 16 transponders in the 13000 - 13250 MHz uplink and 10950 - 11200 MHz downlink frequency band (ASTRA 1C backup), 16 transponders in 14000 - 14250 MHz uplink and 11450 - 11700 MHz downlink frequency band (ASTRA 1B backup). 6. Polarization : Dual Linear 7. Cross-polarization isolation (for areas within the 50 dBW e.i.r.p. contour) on vertical and horizontal transponders : Typical 30 dB For the avoidance of doubt, the specifications set out in Parts B and C below shall constitute part of the terms and conditions of this Agreement but the description of the Satellite in this Part A is for the Customer's information only and shall not constitute any term or condition of this Agreement. B. SPECIFIC DESCRIPTION OF TRANSPONDER USE 1. Initial transponder number on the Satellite : 79 2. Customer Uplink Signal frequency : 17592.50 MHz 3. Customer Downlink Signal frequency : 11992.50 MHz 4. Capacity provided : 27.5 MS/s QPSK 5. Hours of transmission : 24 hours per day 6. Pre-emptibility status : See SCHEDULE VII-A 7. Polarisation : Horizontal C. ORBITAL POSITION AND TRANSPONDER BANDWIDTH 1. Orbital position : 19.2 degrees East 16
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CONFIDENTIAL 2. Usable Transponder bandwidth : 33 MHz (in the band 12.10 to 12.50 GHz) D. TRANSPONDER PERFORMANCE 1. "MINIMUM TRANSPONDER PERFORMANCE" is defined as a satellite single carrier saturation e.i.r.p. measured under clear sky conditions by a measurement test set-up according to standard engineering practice as described in SCHEDULE I-E of: [Download Table] F-Band F-band on City on ASTRA 1F ASTRA 1G --------- ----------- --------- Bialystok 50 50 Gdansk 52.5 50.5 Kielce 52 51.5 Krakow 52 52 Lublin 50 51 Olsztyn 52 50.5 Radom 51.5 51.5 Warsaw 51.5 51 Wroclaw 52.5 52 Betzdorf 51 51 It is understood that SES shall have no obligation to monitor or measure the Minimum Transponder Performance in any sites listed above save for Betzdorf. 2. "RECEIVED SIGNAL POWER" is defined as signal power in dBW on the ground in Luxembourg measured by a measurement test set-up according to standard engineering practice as described in SCHEDULE I-E. If the measurement is not performed under clear sky conditions, the measured value shall be corrected to account for the effect of weather and propagation conditions. 3. The Minimum Transponder Performance and Received Signal Power shall be those measured or otherwise ascertained where the Customer is complying or procuring compliance with SCHEDULE II. E. MEASUREMENT TEST SET-UP AND STANDARD ENGINEERING PRACTICE The saturated transponder e.i.r.p. and Received Signal Power is measured under all weather conditions at the SES Satellite Control Facility in Betzdorf, Luxembourg. The measured e.i.r.p. for the Customer's Transponder is kept on record. In order to accurately determine each transponder e.i.r.p., a measurement set-up consisting of a calibrated fluxmeter and radiometer is used. The fluxmeter measures the power flux density at earth surface created by each individual satellite transponder. The radiometer measures atmospheric attenuation along the satellite path, assuming the atmosphere to be an absorbing homogeneous medium at a constant temperature. Atmospheric attenuation is measured at the beginning of each e.i.r.p. measurement cycle. The fluxmeter uses a calibrated antenna, with a calibrated RF measurement subsystem comprising, among others, a LNA, a down converter and a true RMS power sensor. A 33 MHz selectivity bandpass filter is used to reduce errors due to adjacent channel interference during e.i.r.p. measurements. 17
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CONFIDENTIAL SCHEDULE II: CUSTOMER SIGNALS, CUSTOMER UPLINK SIGNALS AND UPLINK FACILITIES A. SPECIFICATIONS OF CUSTOMER SIGNALS AND CUSTOMER UPLINK SIGNALS To ensure consistent and uniform reception of high quality video, audio and data services by the users of ASTRA transmitted services, and to allow full inter-operability between different manufacturer's equipment, SES requires each Customer Signal and Customer Uplink Signal to meet the applicable provisions of the following specifications. ISO/IEC 13818-1/-2/-3 Generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio (Part 1: Systems: Part 2: Video and Part 3: Audio). ETS 300 421 Digital broadcasting systems for television, sound and data services: framing structure, channel coding and modulation for 11/12 GHz satellite services. ETS 300 468 Digital broadcasting systems for television, sound and data services; specification for Service Information (SI) in Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) Systems. ETR 154 Implementation guidelines for the use of MPEG-2 Systems, video and audio in satellite and cable broadcasting applications. ETR 211 Guidelines on implementation and usage of service information. The Customer agrees to transmit the ASTRA Network Information Table ("NIT") as described in SCHEDULE IX. More specifically, the Customer Uplink Signals shall automatically update its transmitted NIT to reflect any changes of the ASTRA NIT. However, the Customer may modify the parts of the NIT describing the Customer Uplink Signals (e.g. addition of service list descriptor). B. CUSTOMER SIGNALS 1. Video source coding shall be as specified in MPEG-2 main profile/main level. 2. Audio source coding shall be as specified in ISO/IEC 13818-3 and as defined in ETR 154. C. CUSTOMER UPLINK SIGNAL AND UPLINK FACILITIES The Customer shall comply with the specifications and parameters set-out in the ASTRA Access Agreement, a copy of which has been separately provided to the Customer, which may be amended by SES, as necessary, provided that such amendment also applies to other customers on the Satellite. 18
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CONFIDENTIAL More specifically, the Customer Uplink Signals and the Uplink Facilities having access to the ASTRA satellite shall meet the performance requirements established in the ASTRA Access Agreement. SES will provide a reasonable prior notice for any amendment requiring a change of hardware. The following parameters shall also be met: 1. EARTH STATION EIRP For access to the Satellite, the Uplink Facilities must be able to produce a minimum earth station e.i.r.p. of to be notified by SES to the Customer once the Customer has informed SES of the uplink site dBW per RF channel for transmissions originated from to be notified by the Customer to SES before OSD. However, given that the Service(s) can be transferred to another ASTRA satellite, pursuant to CLAUSE 10.5, such transfer may require a separate earth station and the Customer should note that for such satellite the Uplink Facilities must be able to produce a minimum earth station e.i.r.p. to be determined by SES, which may differ from that of the earth station which accesses the Satellite. 2. TRANSMISSION STANDARD The transmission standard used for the video, audio, and data services shall be in accordance with the specifications given in Section A above. 19
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CONFIDENTIAL SCHEDULE III: SERVICE(S) (CLAUSE 10) The Customer's Transponder shall be used exclusively for the transmission of the following packages of television services, and related audio, and other services as specified below all of them targeting at the general public located within the Target Market. The expression ""Target Market'' means any or all of the following countries: Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Bulgaria, Belarus, Russia, Ukraine, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia Herzegovina, Yugoslavia, Macedonia and Albania. It is understood that those countries are only to such extent part of the Target Market as they are covered by the Satellite footprint. A. PAY-PER-VIEW SERVICES, being television services for which the viewer pays on the basis of the actual consumption. B. PAY TV SERVICES, being encrypted television services available upon subscription. C. UNENCRYPTED SERVICES, being television services available without any special decoding equipment. D. OTHER SERVICES: [TBD] For each service considered, the Customer shall provide SES with the name of the service, the types of service (pay-per-view, pay TV, unencrypted), the nature of the programming and the language(s) of the service. The above information, for any given Service, shall be provided at least 30 days before the proposed start date for the Service and shall be subject to SES' consent which shall not be unreasonably withheld or delayed and, where required, to the approval of the Government of Luxembourg. Any change of service shall be subject to the prior written consent of SES which shall not be unreasonably withheld or delayed. 20
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CONFIDENTIAL SCHEDULE IV: MONITORING (CLAUSE 8) In addition to performing the activities related to controlling the Satellite, SES will also monitor all the transmissions through all its transponders as described below. SES will maintain a Network Operations Centre (NOC) capable of monitoring the Received Signal Power of the Customer's Transponder on a continual basis in order to produce a computerized record of the RF characteristics of the Customer's Transponder. As part of these activities, SES conducts a quarterly test using its In Orbit Test System (IOTS) of the performance of each transponder on the ASTRA satellite system. This test will necessitate that the Customer's Uplink Signal be switched off during selected periods of time in accordance with CLAUSE 8.1 for not more than thirty (30) minutes at a time. If a problem is detected, the NOC Operators will initiate and co-ordinate corrective measures in co-operation with the Uplink Facility which is transmitting the Customer Uplink Signals. The NOC's specific functions and responsibilities will include: - Receiving and handling reports of Unavailability from customers - Co-ordinating the remedy of the reported difficulty and initiating any necessary procedures required to restore lost or impaired service in the most expedient manner - Maintaining a complete and accurate record of all reported and observed service failures, impairments, and customer contacts - Co-ordinating the overall line-up, pre-service tests, and actual provisions of service - Arranging the routine monitoring of the Customer's Transponder as described above - Ensuring that any potential events that may affect the operation of the Satellite as a whole or of the Customer's Transponder (sun transit, routine testing, etc.) are notified to the Customer as soon as practicable and in advance if possible The reporting points for operational purposes shall be: At the Customer: c/o Baker McKenzie ul. Dluga 26/28 00-238 Warsaw Tel: (48) 22 635 3521 (48) 22 635 4111 Fax: (48) 22 635 9447 (48) 39 121 1213 At SES: Network Operations Centre Satellite Control Facility L-6815 Chateau de Betzdorf Luxembourg Tel: for urgent problems only: (352) 710 152 Tel: for normal operating and general use: 21
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CONFIDENTIAL Tel: (352) 710 725-344 Fax: (352) 710 725-227 (352) 710 725-213 Attn: Head Network Operations Centre The above telephone and facsimile numbers are subject to change by SES or the Customer. 22
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CONFIDENTIAL SCHEDULE V: CONDITIONAL ACCESS SYSTEM The Customer may encrypt the Customer Signals using such system as it shall reasonably select, in conjunction with SES, SES' approval not to be unreasonably withheld or delayed. The conditional access system selected shall be DVB compliant (based upon the DVB common scrambling algorithm and mechanisms). A conditional access system cannot be applied to the Customer Signals during the time period where SES provides, in its ground station in Betzdorf, encoding and multiplexing of the Customer Signals. 23
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CONFIDENTIAL SCHEDULE VI: CHARGES (CLAUSE 4) A. The charge payable by the Customer to SES in each year of this Agreement (being a year which commences on CSD or any anniversary of that date) shall be the sum of the fees to be determined in accordance with paragraphs (i) and (ii), subject always to paragraph (iii): [@Entertainment has requested confidential treatment for trade secrets and commercial or financial information located here.] (iii) The aggregate charges payable by the Customer to SES in any year shall not exceed 6,750,000 USD. B. The Customer shall effect payment of all charges to the bank account identified by SES in the corresponding invoice. C. The daily rate of charge to be applied for the purposes of calculating any refund to be made pursuant to Clause 6 of the Agreement shall be the aggregate charges payable for the Payment Period in the course of which an Unavailability occurred divided by the number of 24
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CONFIDENTIAL days contained in said Payment Period. 25
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CONFIDENTIAL SCHEDULE VII: PRIORITY AND PRE-EMPTION A. CUSTOMER STATUS The Customer shall have the status of: Non-pre-emptible Customer as defined in PART B below. B. CATEGORIES OF USE SES' customers using the ASTRA satellite system shall be accorded (for each transponder used) priority status as: Protected, Non-Pre-emptible or Pre-emptible. 1. Protected Customers: a. will not be subject to pre-emption by other customers; b. will be entitled to be provided with the use of a back-up transponder (this will require the pre-emption of Pre-emptible Customer); and c. shall have the benefit of Spare TWTAs, in preference to certain other customers, as set out in PART C below. 2. Non-Pre-emptible Customers: a. will not be subject to pre-emption themselves; b. will have no rights of pre-emption themselves; and c. shall have the benefit of Spare TWTAs as set out in PART C below. 3. Pre-emptible Customers: a. have no rights or pre-emption themselves; b. may have their transponder pre-empted, as set out in PART D below, in order to provide a back-up transponder to a Protected Customers; and c. shall have the benefit of Spare TWTAs, but subject to the rights of other customers in this Schedule, as set out in PART C below. C. PRIORITY RULES FOR SPARE TWTAs As a general rule, Spare TWTAs on the Satellite will be provided on a First failed/first served basis. However, in the event of simultaneous transponder failures (or where the sequence of failures cannot be determined) on the Satellite, and if the number of failures exceeds the number of available Spare TWTAs, then the following rules shall apply: 1. Protected Customers have priority over Non-Pre-emptible Customers who, in turn, have priority over Pre-emptible Customers. 2. Where, pursuant to this Schedule, conflicting rights to Spare TWTAs arise between customers with the same priority status, priority shall be given in accordance with the following rules: 26
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CONFIDENTIAL a. customers whose service starts on the Operational Service Date ("OSD CUSTOMER") shall have priority over those service starts at a date after such Operational Service Date; b. between OSD Customers, priority shall be determined by reference to the expiry dates of their contracts so that the customers with the later dates of expiry have priority over customers with earlier expiry dates; c. between OSD Customers whose contracts expire on the same date, priority shall be determined by reference to the dates on which they signed contracts for the use of a transponder, so that the customers who signed earlier have priority over those who signed later; d. between customers whose services start after the Operational Service Date ("POST OSD CUSTOMERS"), priority shall be determined by reference to the customer start dates, so that the customers with earlier customer start dates shall have priority over customers with later customer start dates; e. between Post OSD Customers who have the same customer start dates, priority shall be determined in the same manner as applicable for OSD Customers under PARAGRAPH 2(b) and (c) above; and f. between customers originating from different satellites (i.e. customers whose initial transponder was located on an ASTRA satellite other than the Satellite), priority shall be determined by reference to their respective start date on their respective initial satellite, so that the customers with earlier customer start dates shall have priority over customers with later customer start dates. 3. For the purpose of the above rules, (i) the expiry date of a contract shall, in case of extension of the contract, refer to the extended expiry date, and (ii) the customer start date refers to the start date of a customer's initial service and is not affected by any subsequent change of the service transmitted under a given customer contract. D. PRE-EMPTION RULES 1. If PART A above provides that the Customer has the status of Pre-emptible Customer, then the Customer's Transponder shall be pre-emptible on the terms set out below. 2. a. SES shall have the right to pre-empt the Customer's Transponder to provide back-up capacity to restore the service of a Protected Transponder in respect of which SES is contractually bound to provide back-up capacity at the time pre-emption occurs and if there is no Spare TWTA that can be used to restore the Protected Transponder's service. b. As used herein, "PROTECTED TRANSPONDER" means the transponder of a Protected Customer on another ASTRA satellite, to be nominated by SES and notified by SES to the Customer at any time, the protection of which directly or indirectly requires the pre-emption of the Customer's Transponder. There may be several Protected Transponders nominated by SES, provided that each is on a different ASTRA satellite. SES may increase or reduce the number of Protected Transponders at any time by giving prior written notice to the Customer. 3. To Pre-empt the Customer's Transponder: a. SES will give the Customer at least 24 hours advance warning (by fax or phone) of 27
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CONFIDENTIAL such pre-emption save in the event of consecutive failures of a Protected Transponder, in which case such pre-emption warning may be shorter, it being understood that SES will keep the Customer informed of the status of the Protected Transponders affected by such consecutive failures; and b. at the expiry of the aforementioned advance warning, SES shall have the right to forthwith interrupt the transmission of all video and audio services using the Customer's Transponder and the Customer shall therefore forthwith, upon SES' request, interrupt the transmission of the Customer Uplink Signal. SES shall in addition have the right to interrupt the reception of the Customer Uplink Signals by the Customer's Transponder. 4. The Customer shall comply diligently with SES' instructions for the purposes of implementing the pre-emption and shall require the operator of the Uplink Facilities to do the same. 5. a. If SES pre-empts the Customers' Transponder, then, at that time, SES' obligation to provide the use of the Customer's Transponder, and the Customer's obligation to pay the corresponding charge, shall be suspended. The Agreement shall terminate 30 days after the pre-emption date unless SES, within this period, restores the Protected Transponder in respect of which pre-emption was implemented. If such restoration occurs after this 30 days period, then SES shall offer the Customer's Transponder back to the Customer on the terms set out in this Agreement for the outstanding period of Term. The Customer shall have fifteen (15) days to accept SES' offer. b. Upon termination of the Agreement pursuant hereto, as the case may be, i. SES shall refund to the Customer the pro rate temporis portion of the advance payments made by the Customer pursuant to SCHEDULE VI and relating to the unexpired portion of the period (in respect of which the Customer has paid in advance) in progress on the date of pre-emption; or ii. the Customer shall pay to SES all outstanding sums owed to SES at the time of termination. 6. a. The Customer shall fully cooperate with SES for the exercise, by SES, of its right of pre-emption provided herein and shall not raise any objection, initiate any legal proceedings against SES or the Protected Customer benefiting from the pre-emption, or take other steps, to prevent, delay or obstruct the exercise of this right and the Customer shall be liable for all damages suffered by SES or such Protected Customer in connection therewith. b. The Customer shall not make any claim against SES or the Protected Customer benefiting from the pre-emption in connection with the exercise, by SES, of its right of pre-emption and shall indemnify SES against any related third party claim. 28
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CONFIDENTIAL SCHEDULE VIII: ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT 29
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CONFIDENTIAL SCHEDULE IX: ASIUS 30
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[ASTRA LOGO] ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF EARTH STATIONS HAVING ACCESS TO ASTRA SATELLITES -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY
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[ASTRA LOGO] SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES S.A. L-6815 CHATEAU DU BETZDORF, LUXEMBOURG TEL: (352) 710725-1 FAX: (352) 710725-548 ASTRA is a trademark of Societe Europeenne des Satellites. The information and data contained herein are subject to change.
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CONTENTS [Download Table] 1. INTRODUCTION.......................................................... 1 2. ANTENNA SYSTEM........................................................ 2 2.1. General......................................................... 2 2.2. Frequency Range................................................. 2 2.3. Off-axis Antenna Gain Pattern................................... 4 2.4. Polarisation.................................................... 4 2.5. Motorisation, Antenna Pointing and Tracking..................... 4 3. RF EQUIPMENT.......................................................... 5 3.1. Frequency Range and Agility..................................... 5 3.2. E.i.r.p. Capability............................................. 5 3.3. Transmitter Inhibit............................................. 5 3.4. Out-of-Band e.i.r.p. Emission................................... 6 3.5. Off-axis e.i.r.p. Density....................................... 6 3.6. Frequency Stability............................................. 6 4. AMPLITUDE AND GROUP DELAY DISTORTIONS................................. 7 4.1. FM TV transmission in FSS and BSS bands......................... 7 4.2. Digital transmission in FSS and BSS bands....................... 8 4.3. Group Delay Equalisation........................................ 9 5. BASEBAND PARAMETERS FOR FM TV TRANSMISSION............................ 10 5.1. General......................................................... 10 5.2. PAL Transmission Standard....................................... 10 5.2.1. Video Signal............................................ 10 5.2.1.1. Frequency Deviation........................... 10 5.2.1.2. Energy Dispersal.............................. 10 5.2.1.3. Pre-emphasis.................................. 11 5.2.2. On-line Testing......................................... 11 5.2.3 Audio Signals........................................... 11 5.2.3.1. Audio Channel Modes........................... 11 5.2.3.2. Subcarrier Frequency.......................... 15 5.2.3.3. Subcarrier Bandwidth.......................... 16 5.2.3.4. Subcarrier Modulation Index................... 16 5.2.3.5. Analogue Audio................................ 16 5.2.3.5.1. Analogue Audio Deviation.......... 16 5.2.3.5.2. Analogue Audio Bandwidth.......... 16 5.2.3.5.3. Pre-emphasis...................... 16 5.2.3.6. Digital Audio................................. 17 5.2.3.6.1. Sampling Method................... 17 5.2.3.6.2. Modulation Method................. 17 5.2.3.6.3. Auxiliary Data.................... 17 5.2.3.7. Network Control Carrier....................... 17 5.2.4 Teletext................................................ 17 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY i
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[Download Table] 6. CHANNEL CODING, MODULATION, MULTIPLEXING AND SOURCE CODING FOR DIGITAL SERVICES.................................................. 18 6.1. General......................................................... 18 6.2. Modulation...................................................... 18 6.2.1. BSS bands............................................... 18 6.2.2. FSS bands............................................... 18 6.2.3. Earth Station Degradation............................... 18 6.3. Channel coding.................................................. 18 6.4. Power Spectrum Density Mask..................................... 19 6.4.1. BSS Bands............................................... 19 6.4.2. FSS Bands............................................... 19 6.5. Multiplexing.................................................... 20 6.5.1. General................................................. 20 6.5.2. Transport Stream........................................ 20 6.5.3. Service Information..................................... 20 6.6. Source Coding................................................... 21 7. ASTRA SATELLITE INFORMATION........................................... 22 7.1. ASTRA 1 series.................................................. 22 7.1.1. ASTRA 1 Transponder Frequency Plan...................... 22 7.2. ASTRA 2 series.................................................. 31 7.2.1. ASTRA 2 Transponder Frequency Plan...................... 31 8. ORBITAL POSITION / STATION KEEPING.................................... 35 9. BEACON INFORMATION.................................................... 35 9.1. ASTRA 1A and ASTRA 1B Beacon Details............................ 36 9.2. ASTRA 1C, 1D, 1E, 1F, 1G and 1H Beacon Details.................. 36 9.3. ASTRA 2A Beacon Details......................................... 36 9.4. ASTRA 2B Beacon Details......................................... 37 Annex 1.................................................................... 38 MULTIPLEX DIAGNOSTIC TABLE (MDT)...................................... 38 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY ii
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1. INTRODUCTION In order to access an ASTRA satellite, approval must first be obtained from Societe Europeenne des Satellites - SES. The purpose of this approval is to control the technical parameters of the Uplink Facilities and Customer's Uplink Signal, to ensure that the following objectives are met: - The desired signal quality and availability are achieved; - Harmful interference is not produced in the other transmissions carried by any ASTRA spacecraft; - The interference produced in other satellite systems will not exceed the coordinated levels. This document outlines the specifications established by SES in order to achieve those objectives. Access to a specific ASTRA satellite will only be granted after compliance to the specifications has been demonstrated to the satisfaction of SES. In case of contradiction between the ASTRA Access Agreement and the Customer's Transponder Agreement, the latter shall prevail. The following definitions are utilised in this document: OPERATOR - Person, firm, corporation or other legal entity using an ASTRA transponder. SATELLITE CONTROL FACILITY (SCF) - SES earth station complex located at Betzdorf, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. DIGITAL TRANSMISSION FACILITY (DTF) - Part of the SES earth station complex, located at Betzdorf, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, in which digital services are handled. ANALOGUE NETWORK OPERATIONS CENTRE (NOC) - The monitor and control center for all analogue ASTRA services, located at the SCF. This provides a 24 hour monitor and control network reporting point for service quality monitoring and problem resolution for the ASTRA analogue satellites. DIGITAL NETWORK OPERATIONS CENTRE (DINO) - The monitor and control centre for all ASTRA digital services, located at the DTF. This provides a 24 hour monitor and control network reporting point for service quality monitoring and problem resolution for the ASTRA digital satellites. REFERENCE STANDARD EARTH STATION (RSES) - These stations are highly maintained up- and downlinks to be used in developing baseline performance standards for transmissions carried by the ASTRA satellites. ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 1
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[Download Table] SATELLITE REFERENCE STANDARD EARTH STATION --------- -------------------------------- ASTRA 1A...........................BTZ # 2 ASTRA 1B...........................BTZ # 3 ASTRA 1C...........................BTZ # 4 ASTRA 1D...........................BTZ # 5 ASTRA 1E...........................BTZ # 6 ASTRA 1F...........................BTZ # 10 ASTRA 1G...........................BTZ # 12 ASTRA 1H...........................BTZ # 14 ASTRA 2A...........................BTZ # 13 ASTRA 2B...........................BTZ # 15 Table 1. ASTRA REFERENCE STANDARD EARTH STATIONS 2. ANTENNA SYSTEM 2.1 GENERAL A dedicated antenna system shall be used for access to any ASTRA satellite. Simultaneous access to two or more ASTRA satellites by a single antenna system is not permitted, but it is permitted for one antenna to access a single spacecraft in both the FSS and BSS bands. By using a dedicated antenna system as specified herein for a given ASTRA satellite, link performance in terms of uplink and downlink Carrier/Thermal Noise (C/N) and Carrier/Cross Polar Interference (C/X) can be maintained. 2.2 FREQUENCY RANGE The antenna system is required to meet all the specifications set in the next items operating in the appropriate FSS or BSS frequency range. The uplink frequency ranges for the different ASTRA satellites (primary and back-up bands) are shown in the following Table 2. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 2
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[Download Table] FSS BSS Satellite 12.75-13.25 13.75-14.00 14.00-14.50 17.30-18.10 ASTRA 1A..... A-Band ASTRA 1B..... B-Band ASTRA 1C..... C-Band A-Band ASTRA 1D..... D-Band C-Band B-Band E-Band ASTRA 1E..... D-Band C-Band B-Band E-Band ASTRA 1F..... A-Band E-Band F-Band ASTRA 1G..... G-Band E-Band F-Band ASTRA 1H..... G-Band E-Band F-Band ASTRA 2A..... G-Band E-Band F-Band ASTRA 2B..... G-Band B-Band E-Band F-Band Table 2. ASTRA Uplink Frequency Bands ----------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 3
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2.3. OFF-AXIS ANTENNA GAIN PATTERN The gain, (expressed in dBi), relative to an isotropic antenna, at any off-axis angle (-) (expressed in degrees) shall comply with the following: [Download Table] FREQUENCY RANGE (GHz) GAIN (dBi) ANGULAR RANGE --------------------- ---------- ------------- 14.00 - 14.50 . . . . . G </- 29 - 25 log (-) 1 degree < (-) </- 20 degrees G </- 32 - 25 log (-) 20 degrees < (-) </- 48 degrees G </- -10 48 degrees < (-) </- 180 degrees 12.75 - 13.25 . . . . . G </- 29 - 25 log (-) 0.5 degrees < (-) </- 36.3 degrees 13.75 - 14.00 . . . . . G </- -10 36.3 degrees < (-) </- 180 degrees 17.30 - 18.10 . . . . . G </- 29 - 25 log (-) 1 degree < (-) </- 36.3 degrees G </- -10 36.3 degrees < (-) </- 180 degrees 2.4. POLARISATION The ASTRA satellites employ dual linear orthogonal polarisation. The antenna polarisation angle will be set with SES during service line-up, following the appropriate procedure established by the NOC and the DINO. The cross-polarised signal component transmitted by the antenna shall be as specified below: FSS band: 30 dB BSS band: 35 dB 2.5. MOTORISATION, ANTENNA POINTING AND TRACKING Permanent uplink antennas shall be motorised in both azimuth and elevation to enable rapid repointing in case of necessity, and to facilitate accurate antenna pattern measurements. Further, the utilisation of a suitable tracking system is recommended in order to meet the e.i.r.p. stability requirement specified in the following section 3.2. The tracking system design shall be based on the ASTRA satellite station keeping and beacon frequency parameters, which are presented in sections 8 and 9 respectively. It shall guarantee the clear sky polarisation value specified in the previous section 2.4. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 4
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3. RF EQUIPMENT The RF equipment, including any redundant equipment, is required to meet all the specifications set out in the following sections 3.1 to 3.6. 3.1. FREQUENCY RANGE AND AGILITY It shall be possible to set the carrier centre frequency to within +-125 kHz. 3.2. E.I.R.P. CAPABILITY The e.i.r.p. will be established by SES based on the utilised channel and on the uplink geographical location. It is expected that SES may request changes in the earth station e.i.r.p. during the course of the contract, to account for changes in the transponder performance over its lifetime, utilisation of redundant units or utilisation of a different transponder. The uplink e.i.r.p. stability shall be equal to or better than +-0.5 dB including antenna pointing and tracking errors. Means shall be provided to allow adjustment of the carrier level to within 0.5 dB of the specified value. 3.3. TRANSMITTER INHIBIT Operators accessing ASTRA satellites may be required by the NOC or the DINO to shut down a transmission in the case where it is producing harmful interference into other transmissions. Shut down of a transmission may also be required to allow the switching into operation of redundant units in the satellite. In order to comply with this requirement, the Operator shall provide continuous manning of the uplink site or a remote control system to another location which will be manned continuously. The transmitter shall utilise a system which automatically inhibits the transmission of a chain upon the detection of failure conditions such as loss of phase lock on an upconverter or excessive HPA transmit power. This system may also be designed to, alternatively, switch the transmission to a stand-by chain. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 5
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3.4. OUT-OF-BAND E.I.R.P. EMISSION Earth station out-of-band emissions are additional sources of interference for other carriers utilising ASTRA transponders. The two contributions to out-of-band e.i.r.p. emission are spurious output and intermodulation products. Note that the specification applies across all ASTRA uplink bands (both FSS and BSS) for all stations. The specified limits for these two contributions are the following: -- The out-of-band on-axis e.i.r.p. emissions in the 12.75 - 13.25, 13.75 - 14.50, and 17.30 - 18.10 GHz bands, resulting from spurious output, must not exceed 4.0 dBW/4 kHz; -- The out-of-band on-axis e.i.r.p. emissions in the 12.75 - 13.25, 13.75 - 14.50, and 17.30 - 18.10 GHz bands, resulting from intermodulation products, must not exceed 12.0 dBW/4 kHz. 3.5. OFF-AXIS E.I.R.P. DENSITY This parameter has a direct impact on the interference produced in other satellite systems. In order to keep this interference within acceptable levels, the earth station must comply with the following e.i.r.p. limits. The off-axis angle, (-), is referred to the main lobe axis, in degrees. For the frequency range 14.00 - 14.50 GHz, based on ITU-R Report 1001: [Download Table] 35 - 25log (-) dBW/40 kHz for 2.5 degrees </- (-) </- 48 degrees -7 dBW/40 kHz for 48 degrees < (-) </- 180 degrees For the frequency range 12.75 - 13.25 GHz based on the ITU Appendix 30B planned limits (averaged over the necessary bandwidth of 26 MHz: [Download Table] -25 - 25log (-) dBW/kHz for 0.5 degrees </- (-) </- 36.3 degrees -64 dBW/kHz for 36.3 < (-) </- 180 degrees For the frequency range 13.75 - 14.00 GHz, the antenna must fully comply with the antenna specification (section 2.3). For the frequency range 17.30 - 18.10 GHz, the input power to the antenna shall not exceed 30 dBW in a single transponder, and the antenna must conform fully with the antenna specification (section 2.3). 3.6. FREQUENCY STABILITY The RF frequency tolerance of the transmitted carrier shall be equal to or better than +/- 150 kHz, long and short term stability. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 6
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4. AMPLITUDE AND GROUP DELAY DISTORTIONS 4.1. FM TV TRANSMISSION IN FSS AND BSS BANDS The earth station IF uplink filter shall be provided in the uplink chain and shall conform to the amplitude limits shown in Figure 4.1.1. The group delay produced by transmit earth station IF and RF equipment -- including the up-converter, IF filter, HPA, RF filter combiners, feed and transmission lines -- shall be equalised to the limits given in Figure 4.1.2. [FIGURE 239A] [Download Table] FREQUENCY (MHz) AMPLITUDE (dB) ---------------------------- ---------------------------- A B C D a b c d ---- ---- ---- ---- --- --- --- ---- 20.2 25.2 28.9 40.0 0.2 2.2 8.3 25.0 Figure 4.1.1 IF UPLINK FILTER AMPLITUDE RESPONSE [FIGURE 239B] [Download Table] FREQUENCY (MHz) GROUP DELAY (ns) ---------------------------- ---------------------------- A/3 A H f g h ----- ---- ----- --- --- ---- 6.7 20.2 24.6 2.0 3.0 12.0 Figure 4.1.2 IF UPLINK FILTER GROUP DELAY RESPONSE -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 7
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4.2. DIGITAL TRANSMISSION IN FSS AND BSS BANDS For the FSS or BSS transmit channel from upconverter input to antenna output, the total amplitude and group delay distortions shall not exceed the values specified in Table 4.2.1. [Download Table] FSS BSS ------------ ----------- FREQUENCY (MHZ)................. 26 30 33 39 Amplitude variation (dB pp)...... 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.7 Group delay variation (nss pp)... 6.0 8.0 6.0 8.0 Table 4.2.1 AMPLITUDE AND GROUP DELAY DISTORTIONS In the case where an RF channel filter network is used, the amplitude and group dealy masks specified in Figure 4.2.1 and 4.2.2 shall be met from the HPA output to the antenna output. (FIGUE 240) [Download Table] BAND FREQUENCY (MHz) AMPLITUDE (dB) ------------------------ ----------------------- A B C a b c --- --- --- --- --- --- FSS........... 26 30 114 0.25 0.35 35 BSS........... 33 39 123 Figure 4.2.1 RF CHANNEL FILTER AMPLITUDE RESPONSE -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 8
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[FIGURE 241] [Download Table] BAND FREQUENCY (MHz) GROUP DELAY (ns) ---- ----------------- ------------------ A B a b --- --- --- --- FSS............. 26 30 3.5 5.0 BSS............. 33 39 Figure 4.2.2. RF CHANNEL GROUP DELAY MASK 4.3 GROUP DELAY EQUALISATION Equalisation capability shall be provided at the earth station for intrinsic group delay in the earth station transmit equipment and for group delay in the satellite transponder. The maximum range of satellite group delay to be equalised at the earth station is given below: -- Linear : +/-1.0 ns/MHz -- Parabolic : 0.5 ns/MHz(2) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 9
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5. BASEBAND PARAMETERS FOR FM TV TRANSMISSION 5.1. GENERAL In general the baseband television signal parameters defined shall be designed in accordance with the relevant definitions and standards for that system and as authorised by SES. 5.2. PAL TRANSMISSION STANDARD 5.2.1 VIDEO SIGNAL The transmitted video signal shall correspond to that of ITU-R Report 624-4 and Recommendation 472-3, using PAL values with a maximum video signal bandwidth of 5 MHz. A lowpass filter at the video input to the modulator shall reject any signal above 6 MHz by at least 40 dB. Up to 5 MHz this filter shall have a group ripple of less than +/-20 ns. The following items present information concerning the basic modulation parameters. 5.2.1.1. FREQUENCY DEVIATION The utilised peak-to-peak frequency deviation for the video signal shall be 16 MHz/V, assuming the difference between white and black levels to be 0.7 V. 5.2.1.2. ENERGY DISPERSAL The earth station shall be equipped to add to the TV signal a fixed amplitude symmetrical triangular waveform, phase locked to the video frame rate, capable of producing the specified peak-to-peak deviation of the television carrier. The utilised frequency of that waveform shall be 25 Hz. -- In the presence of a modulating signal: 2.0 MHz -- In the absence of a modulating signal: 4.0 MHz -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 10
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5.2.1.3. PRE-EMPHASIS The utilised pre-emphasis network shall be that defined in the ITU-R Recommendation 405-1 (625 lines). 5.2.2. ON LINE TESTING In order to enable service performance monitoring while on-line transmission is present, vertical interval test signals (VITS) shall be inserted on the transmitted baseband video signal. These signals are based on ITU-R Recommendation 473-5, as depicted in Figures 5.2.2.1 - 5.2.2.3 and shall utilise one of the following VITS line modes: [Download Table] Test signal Line Line Line ----------- ---- ---- ---- CCIR 17............17 18 19 CCIR 18............18 or 19 or 20 CCIR 330...........330 331 332 CCIR 331...........331 332 333 In addition line 22 shall always be used as a "quiet" line to allow the measurement of end-to-end signal/noise ratio or for other purposes specified by SES. 5.2.3. AUDIO SIGNALS 5.2.3.1. AUDIO CHANNEL MODES The TV carrier shall (normally) be supplemented by a number of audio channels. The following sections describe the various subcarrier configurations that may be used for the transmission of audio channels for both TV-related and non TV-related applications. Only those subcarriers specified in the Customer's Transponder Agreement shall be utilised and only subcarrier modulation equipment approved by SES shall be employed. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 11
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[Enlarge/Download Table] Characteristics measured Waveform used Line number ------------------------ --------------------------------------- --------------- Linear distortions Insertion gain............................ B(2) Bar 17 and 330 Amplitude/frequency response.............. C(2) and C(1) Multiburst 18 Line-time waveform distortion............. B(2) Bar 17 and 330 Short-time waveform distortion: -- step response........................ B(2) Bar 17 and 330 -- pulse response....................... B(1) 2T 17 and 330 Chrominance-luminance gain inequality..... B(2) and G, or G(2) Bar & Subcarr. 17 and 330, 331 B(2) and F Bar & 20T 17 Chrominance-luminance delay inequality.... F 20T 17 Non-linear distortions Luminance line-time non-linearity......... D(1) Staircase 17 Chrominance non-linearity................. G(2) 3 Step Subcarr. 331 Luminance-chrominance intermodulation: -- differential gain.................... D(2) Modulated 330 -- differential phase................... D(2) and E Staircase 330, 331 Chrominance-luminance intermodulation..... B(2) and G(1) or G(2) Bar & Subcarr. 17,331 Table from CCITT-Rec No. 67 Figure 5.2.2.1 VERTICAL INTERVAL TEST SIGNALS -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 12
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[FIGURE 249A] [FIGURE 245B] Figure 5.2.2.2. VERTICAL INTERVAL TEST SIGNALS -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 13
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[FIGURE 246A] [FIGURE 246B] Figure 5.2.2.3. VERTICAL INTERVAL TEST SIGNALS -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 14
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5.2.3.2. SUBCARRIER FREQUENCY The audio subcarriers shall utilise only the frequencies presented in Table 5.2.3.2.1, and shall only be used in the manner indicated in column "Type'', and in accordance with Section 5.2.3.1. [Download Table] TYPE FREQUENCY (MHZ) Digital Only......................................................... 6.12@ Digital Only......................................................... 6.30@ Digital Only......................................................... 6.48@ Digital Only......................................................... 6.66@ Digital Only......................................................... 6.84@ TV sound (A:L/M)..................................................... 7.02 TV sound (A:R/M)..................................................... 7.20 D or A (L/M)......................................................... 7.38 D or A (R/M)......................................................... 7.56 D or A (L/M)......................................................... 7.74 D or A (R/M)......................................................... 7.92 Digital Only......................................................... 8.10* Digital Only......................................................... 8.28* Digital Only......................................................... 8.46# Low Speed Data for network control.................................... 8.595# Table 5.2.3.2.1 SUBCARRIERS FREQUENCIES A = analogue companded system with Panda(R)-1 parameters. D = digital stereo 192 kbit/s QPSK signal using ISO 11172-3 Layer II parameters. L = left stereo R = right stereo M = mono * - Frequency tolerance of +/-0.005 MHz for all subcarriers @ - As an option these five subcarriers may be replaced by a single non-companded analogue subcarrier at 6.50 MHz used for mono TV sound. # - In some applications the use of this subcarrier may be restricted to prevent degradation of the picture quality. (R) - Panda is a registered trademark of WEGENER Communications Inc. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 15
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5.2.3.3. SUBCARRIER BANDWIDTH A 130 kHz nominal bandwidth shall be utilised for all the analogue companded or digital audio subcarriers. In the case of the non-companded mono subcarrier, the nominal bandwidth of the modulated signal shall be 200 kHz. 5.2.3.4. SUBCARRIER MODULATION INDEX The modulation index of the subcarrier, BETAsc, is given by the following expression: BETAsc = Osc/Fsc Where Osc is the peak deviation produced by the subcarrier in the TV carrier and Fsc is the frequency of the subcarrier, both Osc and Fsc being given in MHz. For the analogue companded subcarriers, a modulation index of 0.15 shall be utilised. For the digital audio subcarriers, a modulation index of 0.12 shall be utilised. For the network control subcarrier (8.595 MHz) a modulation index 0.10 shall be utilised. In the case of the non-companded mono subcarrier a modulation index of 0.26 shall be utilised. 5.2.3.5. ANALOGUE AUDIO 5.2.3.5.1 ANALOGUE AUDIO DEVIATION The peak frequency deviation produced by a 9 dBm0 test on the analogue companded subcarriers shall be +/- 50 kHz. In the case of the non-companded mono subcarrier, a 9 dBm0 test tone shall produce a peak frequency deviation of +/- 85 kHz. 5.2.3.5.1 ANALOGUE AUDIO BANDWIDTH All the analogue audio channels shall provide an audio baseband ranging from 20 Hz to 15 kHz. 5.2.3.5.3. PRE-EMPHASIS The analogue companded subcarriers shall utilise 75 mu's together with an adaptive pre-emphasis compatible with the WEGENER Communications Panda(R)-l system. The pre-emphasis time constant of the non-companded audio subcarrier shall be 50 mu's. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 16
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5.2.3.6. DIGITAL AUDIO The digital audio subcarriers shall utilise ISO 11172-3 Layer II coding system to achieve a CD quality stereo channel and shall conform with the SES document "ASTRA DIGITAL RADIO (ADR)". 5.2.3.6.1. SAMPLING METHOD The analogue stereo signal input shall be sampled at a rate of 48 ksamples/s. Compression based on the ISO 11172-3 Layer II algorithm shall then be performed to generate a 192 kbit/s digital stereo signal. 5.2.3.6.2 MODULATION METHOD The digital audio signals shall be modulated using the differential QPSK method, with a convolutional code of rate 3/4, with constraint length 7. CCITT V.35 scrambling shall be employed. An appropriate filter mask shall be applied in the modulator to limit the bandwidth to the same value as for an analogue companded subcarrier. 5.2.3.6.3. AUXILIARY DATA The format of any auxiliary data in the ISO 11172-3 Layer II data stream shall be agreed by SES in writing. 5.2.3.7. NETWORK CONTROL CARRIER The maximum data rate shall be 14.4 kbit/s using asynchronous FSK modulation. The modulation index shall be 0.10. 5.2.4 TELETEXT The Teletext signal shall conform to the specifications for Teletext System B as defined in ITU-R Recommendation 653, for the case of a 625/50 television system. THE VBI (VERTICAL BLANKING INTERVAL) SHALL NOT BE USED FOR TRANSMISSION OF ANY OTHER TYPE OF INFORMATION OR SIGNAL WITHOUT PREVIOUS AUTHORISATION IN WRITING FROM SES. Teletext signals shall only be inserted between lines 7 and 21 inclusive (and the corresponding lines in the second field) other than on those lines used for VITS test signals as specified in paragraph 5.2.2 unless specifically approved in writing by SES. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 17
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6. CHANNEL CODING, MODULATION, MULTIPLEXING AND SOURCE CODING FOR DIGITAL SERVICES 6.1. GENERAL Channel coding and modulation equipment shall conform to the following specifications: ETS 300 421 Digital broadcasting systems for television, sound and data services; Framing structure, channel coding and modulation for 11/12 GHz satellite services. ETR 154 Digital broadcasting systems for television; Implementation guidelines for the use of MPEG-2 systems; Video and audio in satellite and cable broadcasting applications. The transmitted RF carrier spectrum shall not be inverted with respect to the modulator output spectrum. The phase accuracy at the modulator output shall be +/- 2 degrees. The amplitude accuracy at the modulator output shall be +/- 0.2 dB. 6.2. MODULATION 6.2.1. BBS BANDS The modulation shall be QPSK at a transmission bit rate of 55.0 Mbit/s, in order to operate with a single carrier at a fixed symbol rate of 27.5 Msym/s. 6.2.2. FSS BANDS The modulation shall be QPSK at a transmission bit rate of 44.0 Mbit/s, in order to operate with a single carrier at a fixed symbol rate of 22.0 Msym/s. 6.2.3. EARTH STATION DEGRADATION The Eb/No degradation (for the case of FEC 3/4 and BER = 10(7)) caused by the earth station equipment shall be less than 0.5 dB. This value shall be verified in a station loop including baseband, IF and RF equipment of the uplink and downlink chain. 6.3. CHANNEL CODING Forward Error Correction (FEC) shall conform to the specifications given in section 6.1 and shall permit the use of one or more of the following FEC ratios; 1/2, 2/3, 3/4 or (in the case of FSS 26 MHz bandwidth) 5/6. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 18
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6.4 POWER SPECTRUM DENSITY MASK 6.4.1 BSS BANDS To avoid adjacent channel interference, the RF spectrum at the output of the power amplifier of the earth station shall not exceed the tolerance mask shown in Fig. 6.4.1. It may be necessary to operate the power amplifier in back-off mode in order to achieve this specification. [Download Table] Frequency Offset (+/-) Amplitude (MHz) (dB) ---------------------- --------- [FIGURE 251A] 0 - 19.50 0.0 19.50 - 29.25 -25.0 >/- 40.00 -40.0 FIGURE 6.4.1 BSS POWER SPECTRUM MASK 6.4.2 FSS BANDS To avoid adjacent channel interference, the RF spectrum at the output of the power amplifier of the earth station shall not exceed the tolerance mask shown in Fig. 6.4.2. It may be necessary to operate the power amplifier in back-off mode in order to achieve this specification. [Download Table] Frequency Offset (+/-) Amplitude (MHz) (dB) ---------------------- --------- [FIGURE 251B] 0 - 14.75 0.0 14.75 - 22.50 -25.0 >/- 30.00 -40.0 FIGURE 6.4.2 FSS POWER SPECTRUM MASK -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 19
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6.5. MULTIPLEXING 6.5.1. GENERAL Multiplexing of video, audio, and data signals shall conform to the following specifications: ISO/IEC 13818-1 Generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio (Part 1: Systems). ETR 154 Digital broadcasting systems for television; Implementation guidelines for the use of MPEG-2 systems; Video and audio in satellite and cable broadcasting applications. 6.5.2. TRANSPORT STREAM The Transport Stream (excluding error correcting code overhead) shall operate at one of the following bit rates, dependent on the FEC to be used: [Download Table] Transport Stream bit rate FEC ratio (Mbit/s) --------- ------------------------- BSS FSS ----- ----- 1/2............ 25.34 20.27 2/3............ 33.79 27.03 3/4............ 38.01 30.41 5/6............ n.a. 33.79 6.5.3. SERVICE INFORMATION Service Information shall conform to the following specifications: ETS 300 468 Digital broadcasting systems for television, sound and data services; Specification for Service Information (SI) in Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) systems. ETR 211 Digital broadcasting systems for television; Implementation guidelines for the use of MPEG-2 systems; Guidelines on implementation and usage of service information. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 20
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It is further required to receive the original ASTRA NETWORK INFORMATION TABLE (NIT) uplinked from Betzdorf and to re-transmit this table in intervals of at least 10 seconds on each locally uplinked ASTRA transponder. The last version of the original NIT should be kept in memory. This ensures an uninterrupted availability of the NIT in case the original NIT cannot be received. By means of the local service Information editing station, the transponder specific parts of the NIT can be modified/updated at any time. A MULTIPLEX DIAGNOSTIC TABLE (MDT) has been defined to provide a mechanism for conveying diagnostic information about the consistency of all multiplexes to the central Network Operations Centre at Betzdorf. The local uplinks should generate such MDT in the case a service failure occurs for longer than 10 seconds, i.e. if a service component (video, audio, subtitle or accompanied data) or a Service Information component (NIT, SDT, EIT or TDT) is missing. This involves that the local encoders signal corresponding failure information to the local multiplex controller that shall generate the MDT. After the failure has been eliminated, the local uplink stops transmitting the MDT. Details on the Multiplex Diagnostic Table concept can be found in Annex 1. In addition it is recommended that a transmitted SERVICE DESCRIPTION TABLE (SDT) includes the service information about all services on the respective transponder on which it is transmitted, and that an EVENT INFORMATION TABLE (EIT) includes the event information about all present and following events for all services on the respective transponder. 6.6. SOURCE CODING Source coding of video and audio signals shall conform to the following specifications: ISO/IEC 13818-2/-3 Generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio (Part 2: Video and Part 3: Audio). ETR 154 Digital broadcasting systems for television; Implementation guidelines for the use of MPEG-2 systems; Video and audio in satellite and cable broadcasting applications. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 21
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7. ASTRA SATELLITE INFORMATION 7.1. ASTRA 1 SERIES Presently, there are six ASTRA satellites (ASTRA 1A to 1F) at the orbital position of 19.2 degrees East. In the middle of 1997, ASTRA 1G will be added to fill the available frequency spectrum at 19.2 degrees East. ASTRA 1G is SES' seventh satellite to be co-positioned at 19.2 degrees East. Adding 16 transponders, the spacecraft will increase the digital transmission capacity on that position to 120 transponders. The eight satellite at the 19.2 degrees East orbital position, ASTRA 1H will be launched to provide backup capability for the other satellites at that position. 7.1.1. ASTRA 1 TRANSPONDER FREQUENCY PLAN Figures 7.1.a. to 7.1.g. present the ASTRA 1 satellite system frequency plans. All transponders are linearly polarised, utilising the polarisation scheme presented in Table 7.1. The two polarisations are orthogonal to each other and the horizontal polarisation has a counter-clockwise rotation of 7.5 degrees relative to the orbit plane, as viewed from the satellite. [Download Table] TRANSPONDER UPLINK DOWNLINK ----------- ------ -------- Odd.................... Vertical Horizontal Even................... Horizontal Vertical Table 7.1 - ASTRA 1 TRANSPONDER POLARISATION SCHEME All the ASTRA 1 satellites provide four different downlink coverage modes, as detailed in Tables 7.1.a. to 7.1.b. These four modes provide different coverage, concentrating more downlink power in different regions of Europe. [Download Table] SATELLITE ASTRA 1A ASTRA 1B ASTRA 1C ASTRA 1D --------- -------- -------- -------- -------- MODE TRANSPONDER -------- ------------------------------------------------------- Horizontal 1 1,5,9,13 17,21,25,29 33,37,41,45 49,53,57,61 Horizontal 2 3,7,11,15 19,23,27,31 35,39,43,47,63 51,55,59,63 Vertical 1 4,8,12,16 20,24,28,32 36,40,44,48,64 52,56,60,64 Vertical 2 2,6,10,14 18,22,26,30 34,38,42,46 50,54,58,62 TABLE 7.1.A. - ASTRA 1A TO 1D DOWNLINK ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 22
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[Enlarge/Download Table] SATELLITE ASTRA 1E ASTRA 1F ASTRA 1G MODE TRANSPONDER Horizontal + ..... 65, 69, 73, 77, 81 85, 89, 93, 97, 101 105, 109, 113, 117 Horizontal - ..... 67, 71, 75, 79 83, 87, 91, 95, 99, 103 107, 111, 115, 119 Vertical - ....... 68, 72, 76, 80 84, 88, 92, 96, 100, 104 108, 112, 116, 120 Vertical + ....... 66, 70, 74, 78, 82 86, 90, 94, 98, 102 106, 110, 114, 118 Table 7.1.b. ASTRA 1E to 1G DOWNLINK -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 23
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[FIGURE 256] Figure 7.1 a A-BAND FREQUENCY PLAN ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 24
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[FIGURE 257] Figure 7.1 b B-BAND FREQUENCY PLAN ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 25
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[FIGURE 258] Figure 7.1 c C-BAND FREQUENCY PLAN ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 26
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[FIGURE 259] Figure 7.1 d D-BAND FREQUENCY PLAN ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 27
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[FIGURE 260] Figure 7.1 e E-BAND FREQUENCY PLAN ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 28
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[FIGURE 261] Figure 7.1 f F-BAND FREQUENCY PLAN ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 29
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[FIGURE 262] Figure 7.1 g G-BAND FREQUENCY PLAN ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 30
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7.2. ASTRA 2 SERIES As of autumn 1997, a second orbital position at 28.2 degrees East will be activated with the deployment of ASTRA 2A. A second satellite, ASTRA 2B, will be co-located at 28.2 degrees East in late 1998. ASTRA 2A will have 28 active Ku-band transponders (32 for the first five years) operating in the Broadcast Satellite Services frequency band (11.70 - 12.50 GHz), powered by 100 Watt travelling-wave tube amplifiers. ASTRA 2B will provide up to 28 highpower Ku-band transponders (30 for the first five years) with an output of 108 Watt each. All transponders can operate over Europe and a steerable antenna offers the capability for up to 16 transponders in the 12.50 - 12.75 GHz frequency range to be activated within any area of the earth visible from 28.2 degrees East. Co-located at 28.2 degrees East, the two spacecraft will provide SES with a total of 56 transponders in the frequency range 11.70 - 12.75 GHz for digital broadcasts at the second ASTRA orbital position. 7.2. ASTRA 2 TRANSPONDER FREQUENCY PLAN Figures 7.2.a. and 7.2.b. present the ASTRA 2 satellite frequency plans. All transponders are linearly polarised, utilising the polarisation scheme presented in Table 7.2. The two polarisations are orthogonal to each other and the horizontal polarisation has a counter-clockwise rotation of 7.5 degrees relative to the orbit plane, as viewed from the satellite. [Download Table] Transponder Uplink Downlink Odd................... Vertical Horizontal Even.................. Horizontal Vertical Table 7.2. - ASTRA 2 TRANSPONDER POLARISATION SCHEME All the ASTRA 2 satellites provide different downlink coverage modes, as detailed in Table 7.2.a. These four modes provide different coverage, concentrating more downlink power in different regions of Europe. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 31
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[Enlarge/Download Table] SATELLITE ASTRA 2A ASTRA 2B --------- ------------------------------ ----------------------------- TRANSPONDER ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Pol. Beam E-Band F-Band F-Band G-Band ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Horizontal ........ South 1, 5, 9, 13, 17 21, 25 29, 33, 37 41, 45, 49, 53 Horizontal ........ North 3, 7, 11, 15 19, 23, 27 31. 35. 39 43, 47, 51, 55 Vertical .......... South 2, 6, 10, 14, 18 22, 26, 30, 34, 38 42, 46, 50, 64 Vertical .......... North 4, 8, 12, 16 20, 24, 28 32, 36, 40 44, 48, 52, 56 Table 7.2.a. -- ASTRA 2A AND 2B DOWNLINK -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 32
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[FIGURE 265] Figure 7.2 a ASTRA 2A FREQUENCY PLAN ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 33
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[FIGURE 266] Figure 7.2 b ASTRA 2B Frequency Plan ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 34
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8. ORBITAL POSITION/STATION KEEPING The nominal orbital position of the ASTRA 1 satellites is 19.2 degrees East. The orbital position of the ASTRA 2 satellites is 28.2 degrees East. Under normal operating conditions SES will maintain the ASTRA satellites within the following station-keeping box: +/- 0.10 degrees North/South +/- 0.10 degrees East/West 9. BEACON INFORMATION The following table shows the beacon frequencies (MHz) for the different spacecraft: [Download Table] Vertical Horizontal -------- ---------- ASTRA 1A.............. 11203.0 11446.5 ASTRA 1B............... 11453.5 11696.5 ASTRA 1C............... 11451.0 11448.5 ASTRA 1D............... 11454.0 11447.5 ASTRA 1E............... 11202.0 10948.5 ASTRA 1F............... 11201.0 10946.5 ASTRA 1G............... 11701.0 11699.0 ASTRA 1H............... 11707.0 11693.5 ASTRA 2A............... 11706.0 11694.5 ASTRA 2B............... 11708.0 11710.0 Table 9.1 BEACON FREQUENCIES (MHz) At least one beacon will always be operational per spacecraft. The beacon frequency stability is 1 ppm per day. Under normal operating conditions the minimum beacon e.i.r.p. on any spacecraft shall be 16 dBW. For the design of suitable tracking antenna systems, the following information regarding the appropriate ASTRA ranging and telemetry characteristics shall be used as a baseline. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 35
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9.1 ASTRA 1A AND ASTRA 1B BEACON DETAILS The following characteristics apply to both ASTRA 1A and ASTRA 1B. PCM Telemetry : Phase modulation of beacon carrier by PCM (Biphase L) telemetry to a peak deviation of 1.0+/-0.1 radians. Data rate is 1 kbit/s. Analog Telemetry : Phase modulation of beacon carrier by frequency modulated 14.5 kHz subcarrier to a peak deviation of 1.0+/-0.1 radians. Ranging : Phase modulation of beacon carrier by ranging signals at 19 kHz or 27.777 kHz to a peak deviation of 1.0+/-0.1 radians. Ranging + PCM Telemetry : Phase modulation of beacon carrier by composite ranging signals at 19 kHz or 27.777 kHz together with PCM telemetry data signal to a peak deviation of 1.0+0.1 radians. In absence of ranging signals, the deviation of PCM data alone is 0.5+/-0.05 radians. There are four ranging tones. The first three ranging tones at 35.43 Hz, 283.45 Hz and 3968.25 Hz serially frequency modulate the 19 kHz subcarrier. The fourth ranging tone is at 27.777 kHz. 9.2. ASTRA 1C, 1D, 1E, 1F, 1G, 1H AND 2A BEACON DETAILS The following characteristics apply to the beacons on ASTRA 1C, 1D, 1E, 1F, 1G, 1H and 2A. During PCM-mode, the beacon is phase modulated (PM) by a telemetry subcarrier with a subcarrier frequency of 32 kHz and a modulation index of 1.25+/-0.15 radians. The subcarrier is biphase modulated by telemetry data. During ranging mode, the 32 kHz subcarrier is switched off and the beacon is phase modulated by sequences of 4 ranging tones with a modulation index of 1.00+/-0.15 radians. 9.4. ASTRA 2B BEACON DETAILS The following characteristics apply to the beacons on ASTRA 2B. During PCM mode, the beacon is phase modulated (PM) by a telemetry subcarrier with a subcarrier frequency of 32 kHz and a peak modulation index of 1.5 radians. The subcarrier is coherent PSK modulated by telemetry data. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 36
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During ranging mode, the 32 kHz subcarrier is switched off and the beacon is phase modulated by a ranging tone, which itself is modulated by an ambiguity resolution code. The peak modulation index during ranging is 0.7 radians. During simultaneous PCM and ranging on the TM downlink signal, the PCM-modulated 32 kHz subcarrier and ranging tone are combined into one baseband signal, which modulates the main carrier with max. effective modulation indices of 1.4 radians for the PCM-signal and 0.4 radians for the ranging tone. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 37
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ANNEX 1 SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT MULTIPLEX DIAGNOSTIC TABLE (MDT) 1 INTRODUCTION In a digital broadcast environment with a multitude of services there is a need for highly automated means to monitor and subsequently to provide information (e.g. failure messages) about the availability of services as well as of service components such as video, audio and subtitling and of Service information tables. In order to support the detection of service failures, to provide information for remedial measures and to efficiently log such events, a transport mechanism, the Multiplex Diagnostic Table (MDT) has been defined. This system will serve for conveying diagnostic information about the consistency of all DVB/MPEG-2 multiplexes on ASTRA to the central Digital Network Operations Centre (DINO) of Societe Europeenne des Satellites (SES). 2 FUNCTIONALITY MDTs can be generated at any point in the transmission chain to signal missing streams (e.g. video, audio, subtitle or accompanied data) or Service Information components (e.g. NIT, SDT, EIT or TDT) within a multiplex. As the underlying concept of the MDT system is to detect and signal failures at the point where they are generated, the system supervisor of the DVB/MPEG-2 encoding, multiplexing and modulation equipment should monitor the correct functioning of all equipment modules and should generate an MDT in the case a service failure occurs for longer than 10 seconds. MDTs shall then be periodically transmitted every 10 seconds until the failure is fixed. In addition to faulty equipment modules also missing input streams can be identified by subsequent modules in the transmission chain which then generate corresponding MDTs. This principle will be applied e.g. by the special monitor IRDs of the DINO which can not only receive and extract incoming MDTs from the multiplexes but also can generate MDTs in the case e.g. Service Information components are missing. All MDTs are being fed via the ASTRA Service Information Update System (ASIUS) into the Service Availability System (SAS) of the Digital Network Operations Centre. Upon reception of an MDT an alert is initiated by the DINO computer system which then enables the operator to act appropriately based on detailed transponder specific diagnostic information provided together with the alert message. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 38
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3 SYNTAX OF THE MULTIPLEX DIAGNOSTIC TABLE (MDT) The syntax of the MDT is conforming to the one defined in the standard ISO/IEC 13818-1 for the definition of private sections. As defined in that standard, private data may be sent in transport stream packets with PID not listed in the Program Map Table sections. Therefore, Multiplex Diagnostic Tables shall be carried on PID 0x1FFD using the normal payload unit start indicator/pointer field mechanism described in the standard ISO/IEC 13818-1. This PID shall not be used for any other purpose on the ASTRA Satellite Network. A MDT must be inserted in maximum one Transport Stream Packet resulting in a maximum table size of 184 bytes. multiplex diagnostic section()[ table id 8 uimsbf section syntax indicator 1 bslbf SES reserved 1 bslbf ISO reserved 2 bslbf section length 12 uimsbf transport stream id 16 uimsbf original network id 16 uimsbf MDT version number 4 uimsbf Fault source 12 uimsbf Fault type 16 uimsbf for (1=0;i<N;i++)[ Fault major 16 uimsbf Fault minor 16 uimsbf ] Table id = 0xB0 Section syntax indicator = 0 SES reserved = 1 Section length: This is a 12 bit field, the first two bits of which shall be "00". It specifies the number of bytes of the section, starting immediately following the section length field. The section length shall not exceed 181 bytes so that the entire section has a maximum length of 184 bytes. Transport stream id: This is a 16 bit field which serves as a label to identify the transport stream where the error or warning has occurred. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 39
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ORIGINAL NETWORK ID: This 16 bit field gives the label identifying the network id of the originating delivery system of the transport stream where the error or warning has occured. MDT VERSION NUMBER: This 4 bit field identifies the version number of the MDT structure. Currently, the MDT version number shall be set to "0". FAULT SOURCE: This is a code that, together with the transport stream id and the original network id, identifies the origin of the failure. Fault source values can be defined by the operator of the transport stream within the ranges defined in Table 1. FAULT TYPE: This 16 bit field identifies the basic type of errors or warnings. Only values described in Table 2 are defined. In every MDT section only one Fault type shall be listed resulting in only one basic type of error or warning per MDT. FAULT MAJOR: This 16 bit field provides more detailed information about the errors or warnings as defined by the Fault type. Depending on the value of the Fault type, the Fault major has different meanings. Currently, only the values given in Table 4 and 5 are defined. If for a Fault type no Fault major code is defined, the loop within the MDT shall be empty. If for a Fault type several Fault major codes are defined the loop may contain more than one of these codes. In case of missing components of a service (Fault type = 0x0100) the Fault major code is equal to the service id of this service. FAULT MINOR: This field provides additional information about the error or warning as described by the combination of Fault type and Fault major. If no Fault minor code is defined for a Fault major code, the Fault minor field shall be present and all bits shall be set to "1". For the time being Fault minor is only defined for Fault type = 0x0100 (Component of service missing) as described in Table 3. In that case the service id of the service comprising the missing component is defined in the Fault major field and the missing component is defined in the Fault minor field. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 40
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TABLE 1; FAULT SCORE [Download Table] -------------------------------------------------------------- Fault score range Description --------------------------- ---------------------------- 0x0000 Undefined 0x0001,...,0x0064 SI-editing & controller 0x0065,...,0x01F4 Audio encoder 0x01F5,...,0x0226 Video encoder 0x0227,...,0x03B6 Data inserter 0x03B7,...,0x03E8 CA system 0x03E9,...,0x041A Multiplexer 0x041B,...,0x044C Re-Multiplier 0x044D,...,0x047E Modulator 0x047F,...,0x060E Decoder 0x060F,...,0x0640 Network termination 0x0641,...,0x0A00 ASTRA reserved 0x0A01,...,0x0FFF User defined TABLE 2: FAULT TYPE [Download Table] -------------------------------------------------------------- Fault type Description --------------------------- ---------------------------- 0x0000 Undefined 0x0001 NIT missing 0x0002 SDT missing 0x0004 EIT missing 0x0008 TDT missing 0x0009 PAT missing 0x000A CAT missing 0x0100 Component of service missing Other fault type <= 0x0800 ASTRA reserved Fault type > 0x0800 User defined -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 41
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Table 3: Fault minor codes for Fault type value = 0x0100 (COMPONENT MISSING) (Fault major specifies the service id of the service missing components.) [Download Table] Fault minor if Fault type = 0x0100 DESCRIPTION ---------------------- ------------------------------------ 0x0001 Video component missing 0x0002 Audio component missing 0x0004 EBU Teletext subtitles missing 0x0008 Associated EBU Teletext missing 0x0010 Data component missing 0x0020 DVB subtitling missing 0x0040 PMT missing Other values ASTRA reserved Table 4: (Fault major codes for Fault type value = 0x0002 (SDT MISSING) [Download Table] Fault minor if Fault type = 0x0002 (SDT MISSING) DESCRIPTION ------------------------------------ -------------------------------- 0x0001 DVB-SI SDT missing Other values ASTRA reserved Table 5: Fault major codes for Fault type value = 0x0004 (EIT MISSING) [Download Table] Fault minor if Faulttype = 0x0004 (EIT missing) DESCRIPTION ------------------------------------ -------------------------------- 0x0001 DVB-SI EIT missing Other values ASTRA reserved ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ASTRA ACCESS AGREEMENT SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES 1 AUGUST 1996 CONFIDENTIAL PROPRIETARY 42
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(ASTRA LOGO) ASTRA SERVICE INFORMATION UPDATE SYSTEM (ASIUS) TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION SES - ASIUS CONFIDENTIAL SYE - 045/12-96 06 December 1996 0
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TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 INTRODUCTION ...................................................... 2 2 CONCEPT OF THE ASTRA SERVICE INFORMATION UPDATE SYSTEM ............ 2 3 FUNCTIONAL FEATURES OF ASUIS ...................................... 5 3.1 SI Data Structures considered by ASIUS........................ 5 3.1.1 Network Information Table (NIT)........................ 5 3.1.2 Service Description Table (SDT)........................ 5 3.1.3 Multiplex Diagnostic Table (MDT)....................... 9 3.2 SI Data Acquisition........................................... 9 3.3 SI Data Processing............................................ 10 3.4 SI Data Distribution.......................................... 10 4 GLOSSARY.................................... ...................... 12 5 REFERENCES......................................................... 13 ANNEX 1............................................................ 14 SES - ASIUS CONFIDENTIAL SYE - 045/12-96 06 December 1996 1
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1 INTRODUCTION Service Information (SI) systems for Digital Video Broadcast are considered by broadcasters and also by network operators as one of the crucial elements in digital transmission of video, audio and data signals. With the plethora of services being available in the digital age, an effective means of guiding consumers around the various services on offer is an essential pre-requisite of any consumer oriented digital transmission and reception system. Beyond informing about the available services, there is also a need to allow for the quick acquisition of any service that can be received. Based on the DVB SI specification Societe Europeenne des Satellites (SES) has developed the ASTRA Service Information Update System (ASIUS) for providing tuning information and also for informing the digital IRDs about all services on the ASTRA network. In addition ASIUS monitors the Service Information on all transponders, checks the presence and the correctness of this data and provides also diagnostics information on the consistency of the multiplexes. 2 CONCEPT OF THE ASTRA SERVICE INFORMATION UPDATE SYSTEM The ASTRA Service Information Update System (ASIUS) is an application of the DVB Service Information specification as standardised in ETS 300468/1/ and may serve the Digital Satellite IRD to quickly tune to the receivable services on ASTRA. It also enables the presentation of services and broadcasters in a convenient way to the consumer. This is achieved by compiling and transmitting an ASTRA Network Information Table (ASTRA NIT) providing tuning information as well as an ASTRA Service Description Table (ASTRA SDT) containing information about all services on all transponders on the ASTRA network. Thus the IRD is enabled to present the names of all services on ASTRA, the names of all corresponding broadcasters (service providers) and the service types such as TV, Radio, Teletext or data services, without having to tune to each transponder. The concept for the ASIUS involves the transmission of the ASTRA NIT on each transponder. This NIT conveys information about the physical parameters of all multiplexes on ASTRA (frequency, symbol rate, etc.) as well as the information about the network itself (ID, name, satellite position). Furthermore, the concept involves the transmission of the ASTRA SDT on two ASTRA Service Information channels (Barker Channels), one with horizontal and one with vertical polarization. SES - ASIUS CONFIDENTIAL SYE - 045/12-96 06 December 1996 2
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As it is the objective to provide up-to-date network information and service description data about all transponders on ASTRA, a concept for an automatic updating of the ASTRA NIT/SDT has been developed, considering all updates from the Betzdorf earth station as well as the remote uplinks. The ASTRA NIT is mainly under the administration of SES (network operator) except for parts as e.g. the Forward Error Correction (FEC) scheme which may be adjusted by the remote uplink operators. The multiplex specific SDTs are under the administration of the broadcasters. ASIUS receives the SDTs transmitted on all transponders, extracts those parts directly related to each respective transponder and compiles an ASTRA SDT with service description information (e.g. service names, service providers, service types) about all services on ASTRA. [FIGURE 278] Figure 1: Transmission and updating of ASTRA NIT and SDT tables SES - ASIUS CONFIDENTIAL SYE - 045/12-96 06 December 1996 3
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3 FUNCTIONAL FEATURES OF ASIUS 3.1 SI DATA STRUCTURES CONSIDERED BY ASIUS Regarding the various tables defined by MPEG-2 and by the DVB project, there are only a few relevant for the ASIUS. These are the Network Information Table, the Service Description Table, the Event Information Table (EIT), and the Time and Date Table (TDT). 3.1.1 NETWORK INFORMATION TABLE (NIT) The structure of the Network Information Table is presented in Figure 3. The ASTRA NIT is divided in sections according to the MPEG-2 syntax. Each section includes a loop over network related descriptors which is used for conveying the networknamedescriptor and the linkagedescriptors to the ASTRA Service Information channel. For each transport stream the NIT contains a loop over transport stream related descriptors including the satellitedeliverysystemdescriptor with information such as frequency, polarisation, symbol rate and FEC scheme. Conveying an optional servicelistdescriptor in that loop of the NIT is not considered by ASIUS. 3.1.2 ASTRA SERVICE DESCRIPTION TABLE (SDT) The structure of the Service Description Table is illustrated in Figure 4. The ASTRA SDT is also divided into sections according to the MPEG-2 syntax. For each Transport Stream at least one section with service description data is transmitted. All SDT sections include a loop over all services on the corresponding Transport Stream. For each service a loop of descriptors including servicedescriptor and countryavailabilitydescriptor is conveyed. NVODreferencedescriptor and timeshiftedservicedescriptor are also considered by ASIUS. In order to identify the actual Transport Stream on which Service Information is received and thus to identify the relevant SI parts that have been updated at a remote uplink, the corresponding transportsstreamid can be found in each header of a servicedescriptionsection for the actual Transport Stream /1/. SES - ASIUS CONFIDENTIAL SYE - 045/12-96 06 December 1996 5
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[FIGURE 280] Figure 2: Interconnection between ASIUS and the Digital NOC SES - ASIUS CONFIDENTIAL SYE - 045/12-96 06 December 1996 6
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[Download Table] NETWORK INFORMATION TABLE (NIT) ACTUAL NETWORK OTHER NETWORK -------------- ------------- SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 --------- --------- --------- network id section number FOR 1 = O ... N NETWORK DESCRIPTORS network name descriptor linkage descriptor FOR 1 = O ... N TRANSPORT STREAMS transport stream id original network id FOR 1 = O ... N TRANSPORT DESCRIPTORS delivery system descriptor Figure 3: Structure of the Network Information Table SES-ASIUS CONFIDENTIAL SYE-045/12-96 06 DECEMBER 1996 7
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[Download Table] SERVICE DESCRIPTION TABLE (SDT) OTHER TRANSPORT ACTUAL TRANSPORT STREAM STREAM ------------------------------------------------ --------- TRANSPORT STREAM 1 TRANSPORT ... STREAM 2 ------------------------------------- --------- ---- SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 --------- --------- --------- transport stream id section number original network id FOR 1 = O ... N SERVICES service id scrambling yes/no FOR 1 = O ... N DESCRIPTORS service descriptor country availability descriptor NVOD reference descriptor time shifted service descriptor Figure 4: Structure of the Service Description Table SES-ASIUS CONFIDENTIAL SYE-045/12-96 06 DECEMBER 1996 8
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3.1.3. MULTIPLEX DIAGNOSTIC TABLE (MDT) In a digital broadcast environment with a multitude of services there is a need for highly automated means to monitor and subsequently to provide information (e.g. failure messages) about the availability of services as well as of service components such as video, audio and subtitling and of Service Information tables. In order to support the detection of service failures, to provide information for remedial measures and to efficiently log such events, a transport mechanism, the Multiplex Diagnostic Table (MDT) has been defined by SES. This system is serving for conveying diagnostic information about the consistency of all DVB/MPEG-2 multiplexes on ASTRA to the central DINO in Betzdorf. MDTs can be generated at any point in the transmission chain to signal missing streams (e.g. video, audio, subtitle or accompanied data) or Service Information components (e.g. NIT, SDT, EIT or TDT) within a multiplex. As the underlying concept of the MDT system is to detect and signal failures at the point where they are generated, the system supervisor of the DVB/MPEG-2 encoding, multiplexing and modulation equipment should monitor the correct functioning of all equipment modules and should generate an MDT in the case a service failure occurs for longer than 10 seconds. MDTs shall then be periodically transmitted every 10 seconds until the failure is fixed. In addition to faulty equipment modules also missing input streams can be identified by subsequent modules in the transmission chain which then generate corresponding MDTs. This principle is applied e.g. by the special monitor IRDs of the DINO which can not only receive an extract incoming MDTs from the multiplexes but also can generate MDTs in the case e.g. Service Information components are missing. All MDTs are being fed via the ASIUS into the Service Availability System (SAS) of the Digital Network Operations Centre. Upon reception of an MDT an alert is initiated by the DINO computer system which then enables the operator to act appropriately based on detailed transponder specific diagnostic information provided together with the alert message. Details about the MDT concept can be found in Annex 1. 3.2. SI Data Acquisition The ASTRA Service Information Update System in Betzdorf includes the reception of all Transport Streams of the ASTRA Satellite System. From these Transport Streams the relevant SI is extracted and passed over the ASIUS processing station. This includes the NIT for the actual network (ASTRA) and the SDT for the actual Transport Stream. If a MDT has been received (which occurs only in case of a failure), it will also be transferred. SES-ASIUS CONFIDENTIAL SYE-045/12-96 06 December 1996 9
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to ASIUS. The following processing steps have been implemented in ASIUS for the SI data acquisition: 1. Reception of the DVB/MPEG-2 Transport Streams from all ASTRA transponders. 2. Extraction of all transponders SI data (NIT, MDT, SDT, EIT, TDT). By means of the version number mechanism provided in each section syntax, the IRD considers only the updated parts of this data. 3. Transmission of all the updates from the IRDs to ASIUS. The IRDs furthermore monitor the availability of the NIT, SDT, EIT and TDT (Time and Date Table) in each Transport Stream and shall generate a Multiplex Diagnostic Table and transmit it to the ASIUS processor, if a failure is detected. 3.3 SI DATA PROCESSING AND MONITORING After having received an update the ASIUS compiles a new version of the ASTRA NIT and ASTRA SDT. Since the system has immediate access to all SI data on the ASTRA network it monitors the presence, correctness, and also the consistency of the SI data. In case of an erroneous situation an alarm is triggered and the operators in the DINO are informed. 3.4 SI DATA DISTRIBUTION After the compilation of the received SI data by the ASIUS processor, the updated ASTRA NIT is transmitted on all transponder uplinked from Betzdorf. The ASTRA SDT is inserted into the two transponders which contain the ASTRA Service Information channel. In addition a linkage descriptor is inserted in the ASTRA NIT, which is available on all transponders. This descriptor points to transport stream ids and service ids of the ASTRA Service Information channels. If the consumer wants to have access to the ASTRAL SDT the IRD will read the linkage descriptor and tune to one of the corresponding transponders. After the reading of the ASTRA SDT all services available on the ASTRA Satellite System could be displayed. It is however assumed that certain filter mechanisms would be applied to the data before displaying the information in a consumer friendly way. More details on the functionality of the ASTRA Service Information channel are described SES' "Technical Recommendations for Digital IRDs"/2/. A flow chart of the access functionality for the ASTRA SDT is depicted in Figure 5. SES-ASIUS SYE-045/12-96 CONFIDENTIAL 06 December 1996 10
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[FIGURE 285] Figure 5: Example of the access functionality for the ASTRA SDT SES-ASIUS CONFIDENTIAL SYE-045/12-96 06 December 1996 11
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4 GLOSSARY ASIUS ASTRA Service Information Update System DNO Digital Network Operation Centre DVB Digital Video Broadcasting DTH Direct-to-Home satellite transmission FEC Forward Error Correction IRD Integrated Receiver Decoder MDT Multiplex Diagnostic Table NIT Network Information Table NOC Network Operation Centre NVOD Near-Video-On-Demand SDT Service Description Table SES Societe Europeenne des Satellites SI Service Information SMATV Satellite Master Antenna Television SES-ASIUS CONFIDENTIAL SYE-045/12-96 06 December 1996 12
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5 REFERENCES /1/ ETS 300 468 "Digital broadcasting systems for television, sound and data services; specification for Service Information (SI) in Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) Systems" /2/ "Technical Recommendations for Digital Integrated Receiver Decoders", SES SES-ASIUS CONFIDENTIAL SYE-045/12-96 06 December 1996 13
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ANNEX 1 SOCIETE EUROPEENNE DES SATELLITES TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT MULTIPLEX DIAGNOSTIC TABLE (MDT) 1 INTRODUCTION In a digital broadcast environment with a multitude of services there is a need for highly automated means to monitor and subsequently to provide information (e.g. failure messages) about the availability of services as well as of service components such as video, audio and subtitling and of Service Information tables. In order to support the detection of service failures, to provide information for remedial measures and to efficiently log such events, a transport mechanism, the Multiplex Diagnostic Table (MDT) has been defined. This system is serving for conveying diagnostic information about the consistency of all DVB/MPEG-2 multiplexes on ASTRA to the central Digital Network Operations Centre (DINO) of Societe Europeenne des Satellites (SES). 2 FUNCTIONALITY MDTs can be generated at any point in the transmission chain to signal missing streams (e.g. video, audio, subtitle or accompanied data) or Service Information components (e.g. NIT, SDT, EIT or TDT) within a multiplex. As the underlying concept of the MDT system is to detect and signal failures at the point where they are generated, the system supervisor of the DVB/MPEG-2 encoding, multiplexing and modulation equipment should monitor the correct functioning of all equipment and should generate an MDT in the case a service failure occurs for longer than 10 seconds. MDTs shall then be periodically transmitted every 10 seconds until the failure is fixed. In addition to faulty equipment modules also missing input streams can be identified by subsequent modules in the transmission chain which then generate corresponding MDTs. This principle is applied e.g. by the special monitor IRDs of the DINO which can not only receive and extract incoming MDTs from the multiplexes but also can generate MDTs in the case e.g. Service Information components are missing. All MDTs are being fed via the ASTRA Service Information Update System (ASIUS) into the Service Availability System (SAS) of the Digital Network Operations Centre. Upon reception of an MDT an alert is initiated by the DINO computer system which then enables the operator to act SES-ASIUS CONFIDENTIAL SYE-045/12-96 15 December 1996 14
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appropriately based on detailed transponder specific diagnostic information provided together with the alert message. 3 SYNTAX OF THE MULTIPLEX DIAGNOSTIC TABLE (MDT) The syntax of the MDT is conforming to the one defined in the standard ISO/IEC 13818-1 for the definition of private sections. As defined in that standard, private data may be sent in Transport Stream packets with PID not listed in the Program Map Table sections. Therefore, Multiplex Diagnostic Tables shall be carried on PID 0x1FFD using the normal payload unit start indicator/pointer field mechanism described in the standard ISO/IEC 13818-1. This PID shall not be used for any other purpose on the ASTRA Satellite Network. A MDT must be inserted in maximum one Transport Stream Packet resulting in a maximum table size of 184 bytes. multiplex diagnostic section[ table id............................... 8 uimsbf section syntax indicator............... 1 bslbf SES reserved........................... 1 bslbf ISO reserved........................... 2 bslbf section length......................... 12 uimsbf transport stream id.................... 16 uimsbf original network id.................... 16 uimsbf MDT version number..................... 4 uimsbf Fault source........................... 12 uimsbf Fault type............................. 16 uimsbf for (l=0;i<N;i++)[ Fault major......................... 16 uimsbf Fault minor......................... 16 uimsbf ] TABLE ID = 0XB0 SECTION SYNTAX INDICATOR = 0 SES RESERVED = 1 SECTION LENGTH: this is a 12 bit field, the first two bits of which shall be "00". it specifies the number of bytes of the section, starting immediately following the section length field. the section length shall not exceed 181 bytes so that the entire section has a maximum length of 184 bytes. SES-ASIUS CONFIDENTIAL SYS-240/12-95 15 DECEMBER 1995 15
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TRANSPORT STREAM ID: This is a 16 bit field which serves as a label to identify the Transport Stream where the error or warning has occurred. ORIGINAL NETWORK ID: This 16 bit field gives the label identifying the networkid of the originating delivery system of the Transport Stream where the error or warning has occurred. MDT VERSION NUMBER: This 4 bit field identifies the version number of the MDT structure. Currently, the MDT version number shall be set to "0". FAULT SOURCE: This is a code that, together with transport stream id and the original network id, identifies the origin of the failure. Fault source values can be defined by the operator of the Transport Stream within the ranges defined in Table 1. FAMILY TYPE: This 16 bit field identifies the basic type of errors or warnings. Only values described in Table 2 are defined. In every MDT section only one Fault type shall be listed resulting in only one basic type of error or warning per MDT. FAULT MAJOR: This 16 bit field provides more detailed information about the errors or warnings as defined by the Fault type. Depending on the value of the Fault type, the Fault major has different meanings. Currently, only the values given in Table 4 and 5 are defined. If for a Fault type no Fault major code is defined, the loop within the MDT shall be empty. If for a Fault type several Fault major codes are defined the loop may contain more than one of these codes. In case of missing components of a service (Fault type = 0x0100) the Fault major code is equal the service id of this service. FAULT MINOR: This field provides additional information about the error or warning as described by the combination of Fault type and Fault major. If no Fault minor code is defined for a Fault major code, the Fault minor field shall be present and all bits shall be set to "1". For the time being Fault minor is only defined for Fault type = 0x0100 (Component of service missing) as described in Table 3. In that case the service id of the service comprising the missing component is defined in the Fault major field and the missing component is defined in the Fault minor field. SES-ASIUS CONFIDENTIAL SYS-240/12-95 15 DECEMBER 1995 16
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TABLE 1: FAULT SOURCE [Download Table] Fault source range Description ------------------------------- ---------------------------- 0x0000 Undefined 0x0001,...,0x0064 SI-editing & controlled 0x0065,...,0x01F4 Audio encoder 0x01F5,...,0x0226 Video encoder 0x0227,...,0x03B6 Data inserter 0x03B7,...,0x03E8 CA system 0x03E9,...,0x041A Multiplexer 0x041B,...,0x044C Re-multiplexer 0x044D,...,0x047E Modulator 0x047F,...,0x060E Decoder 0x060F,...,0x0640 Network termination 0x0641,...,0x0A00 ASTRA reserved 0x0A01,...,0x0FFF User defined SES-ASIUS CONFIDENTIAL SYS-240/12-95 15 DECEMBER 1995 17
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TABLE 2: FAULT TYPE [Download Table] Fault type Description ----------------------------- --------------------------- 0x0000 Undefined 0x0001 NIT missing 0x0002 SDT missing 0x0004 EIT missing 0x0008 TDT missing 0x0009 PAT missing 0x000A CAT missing 0x0010 Component of service missing Other fault type <= 0x0800 ASTRA reserved Fault type > 0x0800 User defined Table 3: Fault minor codes for Fault type value = 0x0100 (COMPONENT MISSING) (Fault major specifies the service id of the service with missing components) [Download Table] Fault minor Description if Fault type = 0x0100 ----------------------------- ------------------------------ 0x0001 Video component missing 0x0002 Audio component missing 0x0004 EBU Teletext subtitles missing 0x0008 Associated EBU Teletext missing 0x0010 Data component missing 0x0020 DVB subtitling missing 0x0040 PMT missing Other values ASTRA reserved SES-ASIUS CONFIDENTIAL SYS-240/12-95 15 DECEMBER 1995 18
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TABLE 4: FAULT MAJOR CODES FOR FAULT TYPE VALUE = 0x0002 (SDT MISSING) [Download Table] Fault major if Fault type = 0x0002 (SDT missing) Description ------------------------------------ ------------------------ 0x0001 DVB-SI SDT missing Other values ASTRA reserved TABLE 5: FAULT MAJOR CODES FOR FAULT TYPE VALUE = 0x0004 (EIT MISSING) [Download Table] Fault major if Fault type = 0x0004 (EIT missing) Description ------------------------------------ ------------------------ 0x0001 DVB-SI EIT missing Other values ASTRA reserved The information and data contained herein are subject to change. Societe Europeenne des Satellites S.A. L-6815 Chateau de Betzdorf, Luxembourg Tel.: (352) 71 07 25-1, Fax: (352) 71 07 25-548 SES-ASIUS CONFIDENTIAL SYS-240/12-95 15 DECEMBER 1995 19
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