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Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc. – ‘10-Q’ for 12/31/19

On:  Friday, 1/31/20, at 10:44am ET   ·   For:  12/31/19   ·   Accession #:  1383312-20-13   ·   File #:  1-33220

Previous ‘10-Q’:  ‘10-Q’ on 11/6/19 for 9/30/19   ·   Next & Latest:  ‘10-Q’ on 5/8/20 for 3/31/20   ·   1 Reference:  By:  Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc. – ‘10-K’ on 8/11/20 for 6/30/20

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  As Of               Filer                 Filing    For·On·As Docs:Size

 1/31/20  Broadridge Fin’l Solutions, Inc.  10-Q       12/31/19   92:13M

Quarterly Report   —   Form 10-Q   —   Sect. 13 / 15(d) – SEA’34
Filing Table of Contents

Document/Exhibit                   Description                      Pages   Size 

 1: 10-Q        Quarterly Report                                    HTML   1.08M 
 2: EX-10.1     Material Contract                                   HTML    412K 
 3: EX-10.2     Material Contract                                   HTML    409K 
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 6: EX-32.1     Certification -- §906 - SOA'02                      HTML     28K 
 7: EX-32.2     Certification -- §906 - SOA'02                      HTML     28K 
49: R1          Cover Page                                          HTML     78K 
24: R2          Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings       HTML     68K 
34: R3          Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive  HTML     43K 
                Income                                                           
82: R4          Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive  HTML     28K 
                Income (Parenthetical)                                           
50: R5          Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets               HTML     99K 
25: R6          Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets               HTML     45K 
                (Parenthetical)                                                  
35: R7          Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows     HTML    121K 
81: R8          Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders?  HTML     80K 
                Equity                                                           
51: R9          Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders?  HTML     33K 
                Equity (Parenthetical)                                           
46: R10         Basis of Presentation                               HTML     45K 
20: R11         New Accounting Pronouncements                       HTML     33K 
66: R12         Revenue Recognition                                 HTML    145K 
76: R13         Weighted-Average Shares Outstanding                 HTML     43K 
47: R14         Interest Expense, Net                               HTML     43K 
21: R15         Acquisitions                                        HTML    128K 
67: R16         Fair Value of Financial Instruments                 HTML    122K 
77: R17         Leases                                              HTML     71K 
48: R18         Other Non-Current Assets                            HTML     46K 
19: R19         Payables and Accrued Expenses                       HTML     46K 
54: R20         Borrowings                                          HTML    118K 
84: R21         Other Non-Current Liabilities                       HTML     39K 
32: R22         Stock-Based Compensation                            HTML    103K 
22: R23         Income Taxes                                        HTML     29K 
55: R24         Contractual Commitments, Contingencies and          HTML     38K 
                Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements                                   
85: R25         Changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive          HTML     85K 
                Income/(Loss) by Component                                       
33: R26         Interim Financial Data by Segment                   HTML     72K 
23: R27         Subsequent Event                                    HTML     28K 
52: R28         Basis of Presentation (Policies)                    HTML     65K 
87: R29         Revenue Recognition (Tables)                        HTML    135K 
80: R30         Weighted-Average Shares Outstanding (Tables)        HTML     42K 
70: R31         Interest Expense, Net (Tables)                      HTML     43K 
18: R32         Acquisitions (Tables)                               HTML    102K 
45: R33         Fair Value of Financial Instruments (Tables)        HTML    120K 
79: R34         Leases (Tables)                                     HTML     73K 
69: R35         Other Non-Current Assets (Tables)                   HTML     45K 
17: R36         Payables and Accrued Expenses (Tables)              HTML     46K 
44: R37         Borrowings (Tables)                                 HTML    113K 
78: R38         Other Non-Current Liabilities (Tables)              HTML     39K 
71: R39         Stock-Based Compensation (Tables)                   HTML    100K 
90: R40         Changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive          HTML     85K 
                Income/(Loss) by Component (Tables)                              
57: R41         Interim Financial Data by Segment (Tables)          HTML     70K 
30: R42         Basis of Presentation - Additional Information      HTML     28K 
                (Details)                                                        
40: R43         New Accounting Pronouncements (Details)             HTML     37K 
89: R44         Revenue Recognition - Additional Information        HTML     29K 
                (Details)                                                        
56: R45         Revenue Recognition - Disaggregation of Revenue     HTML     71K 
                (Details)                                                        
29: R46         Revenue Recognition - Contract Assets and           HTML     30K 
                Liabilities (Details)                                            
39: R47         Weighted-Average Shares Outstanding - Additional    HTML     30K 
                Information (Details)                                            
88: R48         Weighted-Average Shares Outstanding - Denominators  HTML     33K 
                of Basic and Diluted EPS Computations (Details)                  
58: R49         Interest Expense, Net - Components of Interest      HTML     31K 
                Expense, Net (Details)                                           
62: R50         Acquisitions - Additional Information (Details)     HTML     61K 
72: R51         Acquisitions - Schedule of Business Combinations    HTML     77K 
                (Details)                                                        
42: R52         Fair Value of Financial Instruments - Summary of    HTML     60K 
                Financial Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair                
                Value on Recurring Basis (Details)                               
15: R53         Fair Value of Financial Instruments - Summary of    HTML     27K 
                Financial Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair                
                Value on Recurring Basis - Additional Information                
                (Details)                                                        
64: R54         Fair Value of Financial Instruments - Schedule of   HTML     37K 
                Changes in Level 3 Financial Liabilities (Details)               
73: R55         Leases - Narrative (Details)                        HTML     34K 
43: R56         Leases - Supplemental Balance Sheet Information     HTML     35K 
                (Details)                                                        
16: R57         Leases - Components of Lease Cost (Details)         HTML     29K 
61: R58         Leases - Supplemental Cash Flow Information         HTML     29K 
                (Details)                                                        
74: R59         Leases - Maturity of Lease Liabilities Under ASC    HTML     48K 
                842 (Details)                                                    
36: R60         Leases - Maturity of Lease Liabilities Under ASC    HTML     42K 
                840 (Details)                                                    
27: R61         Other Non-Current Assets - Schedule of Other        HTML     46K 
                Non-Current Assets (Details)                                     
59: R62         Payables and Accrued Expensess - Components of      HTML     47K 
                Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities                   
                (Details)                                                        
91: R63         Borrowings - Schedule of Outstanding Borrowings     HTML     72K 
                (Details)                                                        
37: R64         Borrowings - Future Principal Payments on the       HTML     42K 
                Company?s Outstanding Debt (Details)                             
28: R65         Borrowings - Additional Information (Details)       HTML    105K 
60: R66         Other Non-Current Liabilities (Details)             HTML     39K 
92: R67         Stock-Based Compensation - Summary of Incentive     HTML     98K 
                Equity Awards (Details)                                          
38: R68         Stock-Based Compensation - Additional Information   HTML     40K 
                (Details)                                                        
26: R69         Income Taxes - Additional Information (Details)     HTML     33K 
14: R70         Contractual Commitments, Contingencies and          HTML     59K 
                Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements - Additional                      
                Information (Details)                                            
41: R71         Changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive          HTML     45K 
                Income/(Loss) by Component - Summary of Changes in               
                Accumulated Balances for Each Component of                       
                Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income/(Loss)                    
                (Details)                                                        
75: R72         Interim Financial Data by Segment - Additional      HTML     48K 
                Information (Details)                                            
65: R73         Interim Financial Data by Segment - Segment         HTML     46K 
                Results (Details)                                                
13: R74         Subsequent Event - Narrative (Details)              HTML     30K 
68: R9999       Uncategorized Items - br-20191231.htm               HTML     34K 
63: XML         IDEA XML File -- Filing Summary                      XML    164K 
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53: EXCEL       IDEA Workbook of Financial Reports                  XLSX     97K 
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86: ZIP         XBRL Zipped Folder -- 0001383312-20-000013-xbrl      Zip    477K 


‘10-Q’   —   Quarterly Report
Document Table of Contents

Page (sequential)   (alphabetic) Top
 
11st Page  –  Filing Submission
"Table of Contents
"Note About Forward-Looking Statements
"Financial Information
"Financial Statements
"Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
"Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
"Controls and Procedures
"Other Information
"Legal Proceedings
"Risk Factors
"Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
"Exhibits

This is an HTML Document rendered as filed.  [ Alternative Formats ]



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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM  i 10-Q

 i QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended  i December 31, 2019
OR
 i 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                       to                     
Commission File Number  i 001-33220
 i BROADRIDGE FINANCIAL SOLUTIONS, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 i Delaware i 33-1151291
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 i 5 Dakota Drive i 11042
 i Lake Success
 i New York
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: ( i 516 i 472-5400
Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report: N/A
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each Class:Trading SymbolName of Each Exchange on Which Registered:
 i Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share i BR i New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     i Yes  x    No   ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).     i Yes  x    No   ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 i Large Accelerated FilerxAccelerated filer¨
Non-accelerated filer ¨Smaller reporting company i 
Emerging Growth Company  i 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes   i     No  x

The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, $0.01 par value, as of January 24, 2020, was  i 114,802,549 shares.



Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ITEM PAGE
PART I.
Item 1.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II.
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 6.

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Table of Contents
NOTE ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may contain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Statements that are not historical in nature and which may be identified by the use of words such as “expects,” “assumes,” “projects,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “we believe,” “could be” and other words of similar meaning, are forward-looking statements. In particular, information appearing under “Business,” “Risk Factors,” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” includes forward-looking statements. These statements are based on management’s expectations and assumptions and are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements include:
the success of Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc. (“Broadridge” or the “Company”) in retaining and selling additional services to its existing clients and in obtaining new clients;
Broadridge’s reliance on a relatively small number of clients, the continued financial health of those clients, and the continued use by such clients of Broadridge’s services with favorable pricing terms;
a material security breach or cybersecurity attack affecting the information of Broadridge’s clients;
changes in laws and regulations affecting Broadridge’s clients or the services provided by Broadridge;
declines in participation and activity in the securities markets;
the failure of our key service providers to provide the anticipated levels of service;
a disaster or other significant slowdown or failure of Broadridge’s systems or error in the performance of Broadridge’s services;
overall market and economic conditions and their impact on the securities markets;
Broadridge’s failure to keep pace with changes in technology and demands of its clients;
the ability to attract and retain key personnel;
the impact of new acquisitions and divestitures; and
competitive conditions.
There may be other factors that may cause our actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements. Our actual results, performance or achievements could differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, the forward-looking statements. We can give no assurances that any of the events anticipated by the forward-looking statements will occur or, if any of them do, what impact they will have on our results of operations and financial condition. You should carefully read the factors described in the “Risk Factors” section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2019 which was filed with the United States of America (“U.S.”) Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on August 6, 2019 (the “2019 Annual Report”), for a description of certain risks that could, among other things, cause our actual results to differ from these forward-looking statements.
All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the 2019 Annual Report. We disclaim any obligation to update or revise forward-looking statements that may be made to reflect events or circumstances that arise after the date made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events, other than as required by law.
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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings
(In millions, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended 
 December 31,
Six Months Ended 
 December 31,
2019201820192018
Revenues(Note 3)$ i 968.7  $ i 953.4  $ i 1,917.2  $ i 1,926.2  
Operating expenses:
      Cost of revenues i 780.9   i 734.0   i 1,508.4   i 1,473.0  
      Selling, general and administrative expenses i 161.0   i 141.2   i 309.0   i 274.9  
         Total operating expenses i 941.9   i 875.2   i 1,817.3   i 1,747.9  
Operating income i 26.8   i 78.2   i 99.9   i 178.3  
Interest expense, net(Note 5)( i 13.9) ( i 10.7) ( i 27.0) ( i 20.4) 
Other non-operating income (expenses), net( i 2.4) ( i 3.2)  i 1.4  ( i 4.4) 
Earnings before income taxes i 10.5   i 64.3   i 74.3   i 153.6  
Provision for income taxes(Note 14) i 0.4   i 14.4   i 8.3   i 27.0  
Net earnings$ i 10.1  $ i 49.9  $ i 66.0  $ i 126.6  
Basic earnings per share$ i 0.09  $ i 0.43  $ i 0.58  $ i 1.09  
Diluted earnings per share$ i 0.09  $ i 0.42  $ i 0.56  $ i 1.06  
Weighted-average shares outstanding:
      Basic(Note 4) i 114.7   i 116.3   i 114.5   i 116.3  
      Diluted(Note 4) i 117.2   i 119.1   i 117.1   i 119.4  

Amounts may not sum due to rounding.






















See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
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Table of Contents
Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended 
 December 31,
Six Months Ended 
 December 31,
2019201820192018
Net earnings$ i 10.1  $ i 49.9  $ i 66.0  $ i 126.6  
Other comprehensive income (loss), net:
Foreign currency translation adjustments i 11.4  ( i 6.1)  i 2.8  ( i 16.1) 
Pension and post-retirement liability adjustment, net of taxes of $( i 0.1) and $( i 0.1) for the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively; and $( i 0.2) and $( i 0.1) for the six months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively
 i 0.4   i 0.4   i 0.7   i 0.4  
Total other comprehensive income (loss), net i 11.8  ( i 5.7)  i 3.5  ( i 15.7) 
Comprehensive income$ i 21.9  $ i 44.2  $ i 69.5  $ i 110.9  

Amounts may not sum due to rounding.
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
5

Table of Contents
Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In millions, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
December 31, 2019June 30, 2019
Assets
Current assets:
       Cash and cash equivalents$ i 234.0  $ i 273.2  
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $ i 2.7 and $ i 2.6, respectively
 i 616.0   i 664.0  
       Other current assets i 160.7   i 105.2  
              Total current assets i 1,010.6   i 1,042.3  
Property, plant and equipment, net i 137.5   i 189.0  
Goodwill i 1,660.8   i 1,500.0  
Intangible assets, net i 611.2   i 556.2  
Other non-current assets(Note 9) i 964.5   i 593.1  
                        Total assets$ i 4,384.6  $ i 3,880.7  
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities:
       Current portion of long-term debt(Note 11)$ i 399.5  $ i   
       Payables and accrued expenses(Note 10) i 615.4   i 711.7  
       Contract liabilities i 109.9   i 90.9  
              Total current liabilities i 1,124.8   i 802.6  
Long-term debt(Note 11) i 1,449.3   i 1,470.4  
Deferred taxes i 98.9   i 86.7  
Contract liabilities i 150.3   i 160.7  
Other non-current liabilities(Note 12) i 435.9   i 232.8  
                        Total liabilities i 3,259.2   i 2,753.2  
Commitments and contingencies (Note 15) i  i 
Stockholders’ equity:
       Preferred stock: Authorized,  i  i 25.0 /  shares; issued and outstanding,  i  i  i  i none /  /  / 
 i    i   
Common stock, $ i  i 0.01 /  par value:  i  i 650.0 /  shares authorized;  i 154.5 and  i 154.5 shares issued, respectively; and  i 114.8 and  i 114.3 shares outstanding, respectively
 i 1.6   i 1.6  
       Additional paid-in capital i 1,150.1   i 1,109.3  
       Retained earnings i 2,030.1   i 2,087.7  
       Treasury stock, at cost:  i 39.7 and  i 40.2 shares, respectively
( i 1,988.7) ( i 1,999.8) 
       Accumulated other comprehensive loss(Note 16)( i 67.7) ( i 71.2) 
              Total stockholders’ equity i 1,125.4   i 1,127.5  
                         Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$ i 4,384.6  $ i 3,880.7  

Amounts may not sum due to rounding.
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
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Table of Contents
Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
Six Months Ended 
 December 31,
20192018
Cash Flows From Operating Activities
Net earnings$ i 66.0  $ i 126.6  
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash flows provided by operating activities:
               Depreciation and amortization i 41.4   i 42.5  
               Amortization of acquired intangibles and purchased intellectual property i 58.4   i 43.2  
               Amortization of other assets i 49.7   i 44.6  
               Write-down of long-lived assets i 31.8  —  
               Stock-based compensation expense i 30.3   i 29.4  
               Deferred income taxes( i 0.8) ( i 10.0) 
               Other( i 12.9) ( i 13.4) 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of assets and liabilities acquired:
Current assets and liabilities:
               Decrease in Accounts receivable, net i 53.2   i 11.0  
               Increase in Other current assets( i 38.5) ( i 12.1) 
               Decrease in Payables and accrued expenses( i 155.0) ( i 158.4) 
               Increase in Contract liabilities i 11.5   i 13.3  
        Non-current assets and liabilities:
               Increase in Other non-current assets( i 167.7) ( i 87.3) 
               Increase in Other non-current liabilities i 44.0   i 52.8  
Net cash flows provided by operating activities i 11.5   i 82.1  
Cash Flows From Investing Activities
Capital expenditures( i 31.6) ( i 21.0) 
Software purchases and capitalized internal use software( i 11.4) ( i 9.3) 
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired( i 269.6)  i   
Other investing activities( i 18.7) ( i 1.8) 
Net cash flows used in investing activities( i 331.2) ( i 32.0) 
Cash Flows From Financing Activities
Debt proceeds i 1,226.1   i 210.0  
Debt repayments( i 841.8) ( i 70.0) 
Dividends paid( i 117.2) ( i 99.0) 
Purchases of Treasury stock—  ( i 120.3) 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options i 21.6   i 19.1  
Other financing activities( i 8.3) ( i 1.8) 
Net cash flows provided by (used in) financing activities
 i 280.5  ( i 61.9) 
Effect of exchange rate changes on Cash and cash equivalents—  ( i 2.3) 
Net change in Cash and cash equivalents( i 39.2) ( i 14.1) 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period i 273.2   i 263.9  
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period$ i 234.0  $ i 249.8  
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
                           Cash payments made for interest$ i 27.5  $ i 20.6  
                           Cash payments made for income taxes, net of refunds$ i 60.6  $ i 61.6  
Non-cash investing and financing activities:
                                Accrual of unpaid property, plant and equipment and software$ i 10.6  $ i 1.8  

Amounts may not sum due to rounding.
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
7

Table of Contents
Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
(In millions, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended December 31, 2019
 
 
Common Stock
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Treasury
Stock
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income
(Loss)
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
 SharesAmount
Balances, September 30, 2019 i 154.5  $ i 1.6  $ i 1,131.1  $ i 2,082.0  $( i 1,991.6) $( i 79.5) $ i 1,143.4  
Comprehensive income (loss)—  —  —   i 10.1  —   i 11.8   i 21.9  
Stock option exercises—  —   i 3.7  —  —  —   i 3.7  
Stock-based compensation—  —   i 18.4  —  —  —   i 18.4  
Treasury stock acquired (less than  i 0.1 shares)
—  —  —  —   i   —   i   
Treasury stock reissued ( i 0.1 shares)
—  —  ( i 2.9) —   i 2.9  —   i   
Common stock dividends ($ i 0.54 per share)
—  —  —  ( i 62.0) —  —  ( i 62.0) 
Balances, December 31, 2019 i 154.5  $ i 1.6  $ i 1,150.1  $ i 2,030.1  $( i 1,988.7) $( i 67.7) $ i 1,125.4  

Six Months Ended December 31, 2019
 
 
Common Stock
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Treasury
Stock
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income
(Loss)
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
SharesAmount
Balances, June 30, 2019 i 154.5  $ i 1.6  $ i 1,109.3  $ i 2,087.7  $( i 1,999.8) $( i 71.2) $ i 1,127.5  
Comprehensive income (loss)—  —  —   i 66.0  —   i 3.5   i 69.5  
Cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles (a)—  —  —   i 0.2  —  —   i 0.2  
Stock option exercises—  —   i 21.9  —  —  —   i 21.9  
Stock-based compensation—  —   i 30.1  —  —  —   i 30.1  
Treasury stock acquired (less than  i 0.1 shares)
—  —  —  —   i   —   i   
Treasury stock reissued ( i  i 0.5 /  shares)
—  —  ( i 11.1) —   i 11.1  —   i   
Common stock dividends ($ i 1.08 per share)
—  —  —  ( i 123.8) —  —  ( i 123.8) 
Balances, December 31, 2019 i 154.5  $ i 1.6  $ i 1,150.1  $ i 2,030.1  $( i 1,988.7) $( i 67.7) $ i 1,125.4  
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
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Table of Contents
Three Months Ended December 31, 2018
 
 
Common Stock
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Treasury
Stock
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income
(Loss)
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
 SharesAmount
Balances, September 30, 2018 i 154.5  $ i 1.6  $ i 1,069.1  $ i 1,850.0  $( i 1,623.2) $( i 63.5) $ i 1,234.0  
Comprehensive income (loss)—  —  —   i 49.9  —  ( i 5.7)  i 44.2  
Stock option exercises—  —   i 1.0  —  —  —   i 1.0  
Stock-based compensation—  —   i 18.7  —  —  —   i 18.7  
Treasury stock acquired ( i 1.1 shares)
—  —  —  —  ( i 119.2) —  ( i 119.2) 
Treasury stock reissued ( i 0.1 shares)
—  —  ( i 1.0) —   i 1.0  —   i   
Common stock dividends ($ i 0.485 per share)
—  —  —  ( i 56.1) —  —  ( i 56.1) 
Balances, December 31, 2018 i 154.5  $ i 1.6  $ i 1,087.8  $ i 1,843.8  $( i 1,741.4) $( i 69.2) $ i 1,122.6  

Six Months Ended December 31, 2018
 
 
Common Stock
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Treasury
Stock
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income
(Loss)
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
 SharesAmount
Balances, June 30, 2018   i 154.5  $ i 1.6  $ i 1,048.5  $ i 1,727.0  $( i 1,630.8) $( i 51.9) $ i 1,094.3  
Comprehensive income (loss)—  —  —   i 126.6  —  ( i 15.7)  i 110.9  
Cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles (b)—  —  —   i 102.8  —  ( i 1.5)  i 101.3  
Stock option exercises—  —   i 19.6  —  —  —   i 19.6  
Stock-based compensation—  —   i 29.4  —  —  —   i 29.4  
Treasury stock acquired ( i 1.1 shares)
—  —  —  —  ( i 120.3) —  ( i 120.3) 
Treasury stock reissued ( i 0.5 shares)
—  —  ( i 9.6) —   i 9.6  —   i   
Common stock dividends ($ i 0.97 per share)
—  —  —  ( i 112.6) —  —  ( i 112.6) 
Balances, December 31, 2018 i 154.5  $ i 1.6  $ i 1,087.8  $ i 1,843.8  $( i 1,741.4) $( i 69.2) $ i 1,122.6  
____________
(a)Reflects the adoption of accounting standards as described in Note 2, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies.”
(b)Primarily reflects the adoption of accounting standards as described in Note 3, “Revenue Recognition.”
Amounts may not sum due to rounding.
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
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Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
NOTE 1.  i BASIS OF PRESENTATION
A. Description of Business. Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc., (“Broadridge” or the “Company”) a Delaware corporation and a part of the S&P 500® Index, is a global financial technology leader providing investor communications and technology-driven solutions to banks, broker-dealers, asset and wealth managers and corporate issuers. Broadridge’s services include investor communications, securities processing, data and analytics, and customer communications solutions. Broadridge serves a large and diverse client base across  i four client groups: banks/broker-dealers, asset management firms/mutual funds, wealth management firms and corporate issuers. For capital markets firms, Broadridge helps clients lower costs and improve the effectiveness of their trade and account processing operations with support for their front-, middle- and back-office operations, and their administration, finance, risk and compliance requirements. Broadridge serves asset management firms by meeting their critical needs for shareholder communications and by providing investment operations technology to support their investment decisions. For wealth management clients, Broadridge provides an integrated platform with tools that create a better investor experience, while also delivering a more streamlined, efficient, and effective advisory servicing process. For Broadridge’s corporate issuer clients, Broadridge helps manage every aspect of their shareholder communications, including registered and beneficial proxy processing, annual meeting support, transfer agency services and financial disclosure document creation, management and SEC filing services.
 i 
The Company operates in  i two reportable segments: Investor Communication Solutions (“ICS”) and Global Technology and Operations (“GTO”).
Investor Communication Solutions—Broadridge provides governance and communications solutions through its Investor Communication Solutions business segment to the following financial services clients: banks/broker-dealers, asset management firms/mutual funds, wealth management firms and corporate issuers. In addition to financial services firms, Broadridge’s Customer Communications business also serves companies in the healthcare, insurance, consumer finance, telecommunications, utilities, and other service industries.
A large portion of Broadridge’s Investor Communication Solutions business involves the processing and distribution of proxy materials to investors in equity securities and mutual funds, as well as the facilitation of related vote processing. ProxyEdge® (“ProxyEdge”) is Broadridge’s innovative electronic proxy delivery and voting solution for institutional investors and financial advisors that helps ensure the voting participation of the largest stockholders of many companies. Broadridge also provides the distribution of regulatory reports and corporate action/reorganization event information, as well as tax reporting solutions that help its clients meet their regulatory compliance needs.
Broadridge also provides asset managers and retirement service providers with data-driven solutions that help clients grow revenue, operate efficiently, and maintain compliance. Broadridge offers an end-to-end platform for content management, composition, and multi-channel distribution of regulatory, marketing, and transactional information. Broadridge’s data and analytics solutions provide investment product distribution data, analytical tools, insights, and research to enable asset managers to optimize product distribution across retail and institutional channels globally. Broadridge also provides mutual fund trade processing services for retirement providers, third-party administrators, financial advisors, banks and wealth management professionals through Matrix Financial Solutions, Inc. (“Matrix”).
In addition, Broadridge provides public corporations with a full suite of solutions to help corporations manage their annual meeting process, including registered proxy distribution and processing services, proxy and annual report document management solutions, and solutions to gain insight into their shareholder base through Broadridge’s shareholder data services. Broadridge also provides financial reporting document composition and management, SEC disclosure and filing services, and registrar, stock transfer and record-keeping services through Broadridge Corporate Issuer Solutions.
Broadridge also provides customer communications solutions which include print and digital solutions, content management, postal optimization, and fulfillment services. The Broadridge Communications CloudSM (the “Communications Cloud”) provides multi-channel communications delivery, communications management, information management and control and administration capabilities that enable and enhance its clients’ communications with their customers. In addition, Broadridge provides its clients with capabilities to enhance the consumer experience associated with essential communications such as consumer statements, bills and regulatory communications.
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Global Technology and Operations—Broadridge is a leading global provider of securities processing solutions for capital markets, wealth management, and asset management firms. Broadridge offers advanced solutions that automate the securities transaction lifecycle, from desktop productivity tools, data aggregation, performance reporting, and portfolio management to order capture and execution, trade confirmation, margin, cash management, clearance and settlement, asset servicing, reference data management, reconciliations, securities financing and collateral optimization, compliance and regulatory reporting, and accounting.
Broadridge’s services help financial institutions efficiently and cost-effectively consolidate their books and records, gather and service assets under management and manage risk, thereby enabling them to focus on their core business activities. Broadridge’s multi-asset, multi-market, multi-entity and multi-currency solutions support real-time global trade processing of equity, fixed income, mutual fund, foreign exchange, and exchange traded derivatives.
In addition, Broadridge provides a comprehensive wealth management platform that offers capabilities across the entire wealth management lifecycle and streamlines all aspects of wealth management services, including account management, fee management and client on-boarding. The wealth management platform also enables financial advisors, wealth managers, and insurance agents to better engage with customers through digital marketing and customer communications tools. Broadridge integrates data, content and technology to drive new customer acquisition and cross-sell opportunities through the creation of sales and educational content, including seminars as well as customizable advisor websites, search engine marketing and electronic and print newsletters.
Through Broadridge’s Managed Services, Broadridge provides business process outsourcing services that support the operations of its buy- and sell-side clients’ businesses and combine its technology with its operations expertise to support the entire trade lifecycle and provide front-, middle- and back-office solutions. Broadridge also provides buy-side technology solutions for the global investment management industry through its asset management solutions, including front-, middle- and back-office solutions for hedge funds, family offices, investment managers and the providers that service this space.
B.  i Consolidation and Basis of Presentation. The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) in the U.S. and in accordance with SEC requirements for Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q. These financial statements present the condensed consolidated position of the Company and include the entities in which the Company directly or indirectly has a controlling financial interest as well as various entities in which the Company has investments recorded under the equity method of accounting as well as certain marketable and non-marketable securities. Intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. Amounts presented may not sum due to rounding. The results of operations reported for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations for the entire year or any subsequent interim period. These Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2019 filed on August 6, 2019 with the SEC. These Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include all normal and recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation in accordance with GAAP of the Company’s financial position at December 31, 2019 and June 30, 2019, the results of its operations for the three and six months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, its cash flows for the six months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, and its changes in stockholders’ equity for the three and six months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018. Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation where applicable, except as it relates to Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-02 “Leases” (“ASU No. 2016-02”) and its related amendments, as described further below.
Effective July 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASU No. 2016-02, as amended, by recognizing a right-of-use (“ROU”) asset and corresponding lease liability, along with a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings, in the period of adoption. Under this method of adoption, the Company has not restated the prior period Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements presented to the current period presentation. Additional information about the impact of the Company's adoption of ASU No. 2016-02, as amended, is included in Note 2, “New Accounting Pronouncements” and Note 8, “Leases.”
C.  i Securities. Securities are non-derivatives that are reflected in Other non-current assets in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, unless management intends to dispose of the investment within twelve months of the end of the reporting period, in which case they are reflected in Other current assets in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. These investments are in entities over which the Company does not have control, joint control, or significant influence. Securities that have a readily determinable fair value are carried at fair value. Securities without a readily determinable fair value are initially recognized at cost and subsequently carried at cost minus impairment, if any, plus or minus changes resulting from observable price changes in transactions for an identical or similar investment of the same issuer, such as subsequent capital raising transactions. Changes in the value of securities with or without a readily determinable fair value are recorded in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings. In determining whether a security without a readily determinable fair value is impaired, management considers qualitative factors to identify an impairment including the financial condition and near-term prospects of the issuer.
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D.  i Use of Estimates. The preparation of these financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes thereto. These estimates are based on management’s best knowledge of current events, historical experience, actions that the Company may undertake in the future and on various other assumptions and judgment that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Accordingly, actual results could differ from those estimates. The use of estimates in specific accounting policies is described further in the notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, as appropriate.
E. Subsequent Events. Refer to Note 18, “Subsequent Events” for a description of the Company’s subsequent events.
NOTE 2.  i NEW ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
 i 
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, as subsequently amended by ASU No. 2018-10, “Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases,” ASU No. 2018-11, “Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements,” and ASU No. 2018-20, “Leases (Topic 842): Narrow Scope Improvements for Lessors" (collectively referred to herein as “ASU No. 2016-02, as amended”). Under ASU No. 2016-02, as amended, all lease arrangements, with certain limited exceptions, exceeding a twelve-month term must now be recognized as assets and liabilities on the balance sheet of the lessee by recording a ROU asset and corresponding lease obligation generally equal to the present value of the future lease payments over the lease term. Further, the income statement will reflect lease expense for leases classified as operating and amortization/interest expense for leases classified as financing, determined using classification criteria substantially similar to the current lease guidance for distinguishing between an operating and capital lease. ASU No. 2016-02, as amended, also contains certain additional qualitative and quantitative disclosures to supplement the amounts recorded in the financial statements so that users can understand more about the nature of an entity’s leasing activities, including significant judgments and changes in judgments. ASU No. 2016-02, as amended, was effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal year 2020 and could have been adopted using either a modified retrospective basis which required adjustment to all comparative periods presented in the consolidated financial statements, or by recognizing a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings at the date of initial application.
Accordingly, in the first quarter of fiscal year 2020, the Company adopted ASU No. 2016-02, as amended, by recognizing a ROU asset and corresponding lease liability, along with a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings, in the period of adoption. Under this method of adoption, the Company has not restated the prior period Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements presented to the current period presentation. The Company elected the transition package of three practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance in ASU No. 2016-02, as amended, to not reassess prior conclusions related to whether (i) a contract contains a lease, (ii) the classification of an existing lease, and (iii) the accounting for initial direct costs. The Company also elected accounting policies to (i) not separate the non-lease components of a contract from the lease component to which they relate, and (ii) not recognize assets or liabilities for leases with a term of twelve months or less and no purchase option that the Company is reasonably certain of exercising.
On the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of July 1, 2019, the adoption of ASU No. 2016-02, as amended, resulted in the recognition of lease liabilities of $ i 252.0 million and ROU assets of $ i 235.4 million, which include the impact of existing deferred rents and tenant improvement allowances for operating leases, as well as a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings of $ i 0.2 million. The adoption of ASU No. 2016-02, as amended, did not have a material impact on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings, the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income, the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, or the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-15, “Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software: Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract (“ASU No. 2018-15”), which aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a cloud computing hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements under GAAP for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software. ASU No. 2018-15 will be effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of fiscal year 2021. Entities are permitted to apply either a retrospective or prospective transition approach to adopt the guidance. The pending adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a material impact on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
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In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, “Financial Instruments - Credit Losses” (“ASU No. 2016-13”), which prescribes an impairment model for most financial instruments based on expected losses rather than incurred losses. Under this model, an estimate of expected credit losses over the contractual life of the instrument is to be recorded as of the end of a reporting period as an allowance to offset the amortized cost basis, resulting in a net presentation of the amount expected to be collected on the financial instrument. ASU No. 2016-13 is effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal year 2021. For most instruments, entities must apply the standard using a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption. The Company is currently assessing the impact that the adoption of ASU No. 2016-13 will have on its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
NOTE 3.  i REVENUE RECOGNITION
 i 
ASU No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” (“ASU No. 2014-09”) outlines a single comprehensive model to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers. The core principle is that an entity recognizes revenue to reflect the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.
The Company’s revenues from clients are primarily generated from fees for providing investor communications and technology-enabled services and solutions. Revenues are recognized for the  i two reportable segments as follows:
Investor Communication Solutions—Revenues are generated primarily from processing and distributing investor communications and other related services as well as vote processing and tabulation. The Company typically enters into agreements with clients to provide services on a fee for service basis. Fees received for processing and distributing investor communications are generally variably priced and recognized as revenue over time as the Company provides the services to clients based on the number of units processed, which coincides with the pattern of value transfer to the client. Broadridge works directly with corporate issuers (“Issuers”) and mutual funds to ensure that the account holders of the Company’s bank and broker clients, who are also the shareholders of Issuers and mutual funds, receive the appropriate investor communications materials and that the services are fulfilled in accordance with each Issuer’s and mutual fund’s requirements. Broadridge works directly with the Issuers and mutual funds to resolve any issues that may arise. As such, Issuers and mutual funds are viewed as the customer of the Company’s services. As a result, revenues for distribution services as well as proxy materials fulfillment services are recorded in Revenue on a gross basis with corresponding costs including amounts remitted to the broker-dealers and banks (referred to as “Nominees”) recorded in Cost of revenues. Fees for the Company’s investor communications services arrangements are typically billed and paid on a monthly basis following the delivery of the services. The Company also offers certain hosted service arrangements that can be priced on a fixed and/or variable basis for which revenue is recognized over time as the Company satisfies its performance obligation by delivering services to the client on a monthly basis based on the number of transactions processed or units delivered, in the case of variable priced arrangements, or a fixed monthly fee in the case of fixed price arrangements, in each case which coincides with the pattern of value transfer to the client. These services may be billed in a variety of payment frequencies depending on the specific arrangement.
Global Technology and Operations—Revenues are generated primarily from fees for trade processing and related services. Revenue is recognized over time as the Company satisfies its performance obligation by delivering services to the client. The Company’s arrangements for processing and related services typically consist of an obligation to provide specific services to its clients on a when and if needed basis (a stand ready obligation) with revenue recognized from the satisfaction of the performance obligations on a monthly basis generally in the amount billable to the client. These services are generally provided under variable priced arrangements based on volume of service and can include minimum monthly usage fees. Client service agreements often include up-front consideration in addition to the recurring fee for trade processing. Up-front implementation fees, as well as certain enhancements to existing technology platforms, are deferred and recognized on a straight-line basis over the service term of the contract which corresponds to the timing of transfer of value to the client that commences after client acceptance when the processing term begins. In addition, revenue is also generated from the fulfillment of professional services engagements which are generally priced on a time and materials or fixed price basis, and are recognized as the services are provided to the client which corresponds to the timing of transfer of value to the client. Finally, the Company recognizes license revenues from software term licenses installed on clients’ premises upon delivery and acceptance of the software license, assuming a contract is deemed to exist. Software term license revenue is not a significant portion of the Company’s revenues.
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The Company uses the following methods, inputs, and assumptions in determining amounts of revenue to recognize:
Transaction Price
The Company allocates transaction price to the individual performance obligations within a contract. If the contracted prices reflect the relative standalone selling prices for the individual performance obligations, no allocations are made. Otherwise, the Company uses the relative selling price method to allocate the transaction price, obtained from sources such as the observable price of a good or service when the Company sells that good or service separately in similar circumstances and to similar clients. If such evidence is unavailable, the Company uses the best estimate of the selling price, which includes various internal factors such as pricing strategy and market factors. A significant portion of the Company’s performance obligations are generated from transactions with volume based fees and includes services that are delivered at the same time. The Company recognizes revenue related to these arrangements over time as the services are provided to the client. While many of the Company’s contracts contain some component of variable consideration, the Company only recognizes variable consideration that is not expected to reverse. The Company allocates variable payments to distinct services in an overall contract when the variable payment relates specifically to that particular service and for which the variable payment reflects what the Company expects to receive in exchange for that particular service. As a result, the Company generally allocates and recognizes variable consideration in the period it has the contractual right to invoice the client.
As described above, our most significant performance obligations involve variable consideration which constitutes the majority of our revenue streams. The Company’s variable consideration components meet the criteria in ASU No. 2014-09 for exclusion from disclosure of the remaining transaction price allocated to unsatisfied performance obligations as does any contracts with clients with an original duration of one year or less. The Company has contracts with clients that vary in length depending on the nature of the services and contractual terms negotiated with the client, and they generally extend over a multi-year period.
Taxes assessed by a governmental authority that are both imposed on and concurrent with a specific revenue-producing transaction, that are collected by the Company from a client, are excluded from revenue. Distribution revenues associated with shipping and handling activities are accounted for as a fulfillment activity and recognized as the related services or products are transferred to the client. As a practical expedient, the Company does not adjust the transaction price for the effects of a significant financing component if, at contract inception, the period between client payment and the transfer of goods or services is expected to be one year or less.
Disaggregation of Revenue
 i 
The Company has presented below its revenue disaggregated by product line and by revenue type within each of its Investor Communication Solutions and Global Technology and Operations reportable segments.
Fee revenues in the Investor Communication Solutions segment are derived from both recurring and event-driven activity. In addition, the level of recurring and event-driven activity the Company processes directly impacts distribution revenues. While event-driven activity is highly repeatable, it may not recur on an annual basis. Event-driven fee revenues are based on the number of special events and corporate transactions the Company processes. Event-driven activity is impacted by financial market conditions and changes in regulatory compliance requirements, resulting in fluctuations in the timing and levels of event-driven fee revenues. Distribution revenues primarily include revenues related to the physical mailing and distribution of proxy materials, interim communications, transaction reporting, customer communications and fulfillment services, as well as Matrix administrative services.
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Three Months Ended 
 December 31,
Six Months Ended 
 December 31,
2019201820192018
(In millions)(In millions)
Investor Communication Solutions
Equity proxy$ i 42.2  $ i 41.7  $ i 72.0  $ i 72.7  
Mutual fund and exchange traded funds (“ETF”) interims i 65.1   i 60.7   i 130.5   i 118.5  
Customer communications and fulfillment i 176.6   i 182.6   i 347.5   i 357.5  
Other ICS i 83.5   i 71.9   i 166.7   i 145.3  
       Total ICS Recurring fee revenues i 367.5   i 357.0   i 716.7   i 694.0  
Equity and other i 15.3   i 19.5   i 32.8   i 43.6  
Mutual funds i 15.7   i 28.6   i 38.3   i 81.4  
       Total ICS Event-driven fee revenues i 31.0   i 48.1   i 71.1   i 125.1  
Distribution revenues i 317.0   i 322.7   i 630.3   i 663.7  
       Total ICS Revenues$ i 715.6  $ i 727.8  $ i 1,418.2  $ i 1,482.8  
Global Technology and Operations
Equities and other$ i 237.2  $ i 206.8  $ i 468.1  $ i 405.3  
Fixed income i 43.7   i 40.1   i 86.8   i 80.1  
       Total GTO Recurring fee revenues i 280.9   i 247.0   i 554.8   i 485.4  
Foreign currency exchange( i 27.8) ( i 21.4) ( i 55.8) ( i 42.0) 
       Total Revenues$ i 968.7  $ i 953.4  $ i 1,917.2  $ i 1,926.2  
Revenues by Type
Recurring fee revenues$ i 648.4  $ i 603.9  $ i 1,271.6  $ i 1,179.5  
Event-driven fee revenues i 31.0   i 48.1   i 71.1   i 125.1  
Distribution revenues i 317.0   i 322.7   i 630.3   i 663.7  
Foreign currency exchange( i 27.8) ( i 21.4) ( i 55.8) ( i 42.0) 
       Total Revenues$ i 968.7  $ i 953.4  $ i 1,917.2  $ i 1,926.2  
Contract Balances
 i 
The following table provides information about contract assets and liabilities:
December 31, 2019June 30, 2019
(In millions)
Contract assets$ i 67.5  $ i 47.5  
Contract liabilities$ i 260.2  $ i 251.6  
 / 

Contract assets result from revenue already recognized but not yet invoiced, including certain future amounts to be collected under software term licenses and certain other client contracts. Contract liabilities represent consideration received or receivable from clients before the transfer of control occurs (deferred revenue). Contract balances are reported in a net contract asset or liability position on a contract-by-contract basis at the end of each reporting period.

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During the six months ended December 31, 2019, contract assets increased primarily due to an increase in software term license revenues recognized but not yet invoiced, while contract liabilities increased primarily due to recent acquisitions and the timing of client payments vis-a-vis the timing of revenue recognized. The Company recognized $ i 102.2 million of revenue during the six months ended December 31, 2019 that was included in the contract liability balance as of June 30, 2019.

NOTE 4.  i WEIGHTED-AVERAGE SHARES OUTSTANDING
Basic earnings per share (“EPS”) is calculated by dividing the Company’s Net earnings by the basic Weighted-average shares outstanding for the periods presented. The Company calculates diluted EPS using the treasury stock method, which reflects the potential dilution that could occur if outstanding stock options at the presented date are exercised and restricted stock unit awards have vested.
The computation of diluted EPS excluded options of less than  i 0.1 million to purchase Broadridge common stock for the three months ended December 31, 2019, and options of less than  i 0.1 million to purchase Broadridge common stock for the six months ended December 31, 2019, as the effect of their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive.
The computation of diluted EPS excluded options of  i 0.6 million to purchase Broadridge common stock for the three months ended December 31, 2018, and options of less than  i 0.1 million to purchase Broadridge common stock for the six months ended December 31, 2018, as the effect of their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive.
 i 
The following table sets forth the denominators of the basic and diluted EPS computations (in millions):
Three Months Ended 
 December 31,
Six Months Ended 
 December 31,
2019201820192018
Weighted-average shares outstanding:
       Basic i 114.7   i 116.3   i 114.5   i 116.3  
       Common stock equivalents i 2.5   i 2.8   i 2.6   i 3.1  
       Diluted i 117.2   i 119.1   i 117.1   i 119.4  
 / 

NOTE 5.  i INTEREST EXPENSE, NET
 i 
Interest expense, net consisted of the following:
Three Months Ended 
 December 31,
Six Months Ended 
 December 31,
2019201820192018
(In millions)
Interest expense on borrowings$( i 15.5) $( i 11.3) $( i 29.7) $( i 21.6) 
Interest income i 1.6   i 0.6   i 2.7   i 1.2  
Interest expense, net$( i 13.9) $( i 10.7) $( i 27.0) $( i 20.4) 
 / 

NOTE 6.  i ACQUISITIONS
 i Assets acquired and liabilities assumed in business combinations are recorded on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of the respective acquisition date based upon the estimated fair values at such date. The results of operations of the business acquired by the Company are included in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings since the respective date of acquisition. The excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair values of the underlying assets acquired and liabilities assumed is allocated to Goodwill.
Pro forma supplemental financial information for all acquisitions is not provided as the impact of these acquisitions on the Company’s operating results was not material for any acquisition individually or in the aggregate.
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The following represents the fiscal year 2020 acquisitions:

Fiscal Year 2020 Acquisitions:

BUSINESS COMBINATIONS

 i 
Financial information on each transaction is as follows:


Shadow FinancialFi360Clear-StructureTotal
(In millions)
Cash payments, net of cash acquired$ i 35.7  $ i 116.1  $ i 59.5  $ i 211.3  
Deferred payments, net i 3.0   i 3.5   i 2.5   i 9.0  
Contingent consideration liability i    i    i 7.0   i 7.0  
Aggregate purchase price$ i 38.7  $ i 119.6  $ i 69.0  $ i 227.3  
Net tangible assets acquired / (liabilities assumed)$ i 0.2  $( i 13.9) $ i 1.4  $( i 12.3) 
Goodwill i 17.4   i 92.1   i 42.6   i 152.0  
Intangible assets i 21.1   i 41.5   i 25.0   i 87.6  
Aggregate purchase price$ i 38.7  $ i 119.6  $ i 69.0  $ i 227.3  
 / 

Shadow Financial Systems, Inc. (Shadow Financial)
In October 2019, the Company completed the acquisition of Shadow Financial, a provider of multi-asset class post-trade solutions for the capital markets industry. The acquisition builds upon Broadridges post-trade processing capabilities by adding a market-ready solution for exchanges, inter-dealer brokers and proprietary trading firms. In addition, the acquisition adds capabilities across exchange traded derivatives and cryptocurrency.
Goodwill is tax deductible.
Intangible assets acquired consist primarily of customer relationships and software technology, which are being amortized over a seven-year life and five-year life, respectively.
The allocation of the purchase price will be finalized upon completion of the analysis of the fair values of the acquired business’ assets and liabilities, and is still subject to a working capital adjustment.

Fi360, Inc. (Fi360)
In November 2019, the Company completed the acquisition of Fi360, a provider of fiduciary and Regulation Best Interest solutions for the wealth and retirement industry, including the accreditation and continuing education for the Accredited Investment Fiduciary® Designation, the leading designation focused on fiduciary responsibility. The acquisition is expected to enhance Broadridge’s retirement solutions by providing wealth and retirement advisors with fiduciary tools that will complement its Matrix trust and trading platform. The acquisition also is expected to further strengthen Broadridge’s data and analytics tools and solutions suite that enable asset managers to grow their businesses by providing greater transparency into the retirement market.
Goodwill is not tax deductible.
Intangible assets acquired consist primarily of customer relationships and software technology, which are being amortized over a seven-year life and five-year life, respectively.

The allocation of the purchase price will be finalized upon completion of the analysis of the fair values of the acquired business’ assets and liabilities, and is still subject to a working capital adjustment.
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ClearStructure Financial Technology, LLC (ClearStructure)
In November 2019, the Company acquired ClearStructure, a global provider of portfolio management solutions for the private debt markets. ClearStructure’s component services are expected to enhance Broadridge’s existing multi-asset class, front-to-back office asset management technology suite, providing Broadridge clients with a capability to access the public and private markets.
The contingent consideration liability is payable through fiscal year 2023 upon the achievement by the acquired business of certain revenue targets, and has a maximum potential pay-out of $ i 12.5 million upon the achievement in full of the defined financial targets by the acquired business.
Goodwill is primarily tax deductible.
Intangible assets acquired consist primarily of customer relationships and software technology.
The allocation of the purchase price will be finalized upon completion of the analysis of the fair values of the acquired business’ assets and liabilities, and is still subject to a working capital adjustment.

The following represents the fiscal year 2019 acquisitions:

Fiscal Year 2019 Acquisitions:

BUSINESS COMBINATIONS

Financial information on each transaction is as follows:

RockallRPMTD Ameritrade*Total
(In millions)
Cash payments, net of cash acquired$ i 34.9  $ i 258.3  $ i 61.5  $ i 354.7  
Deferred payments, net i 0.5   i 45.0   i    i 45.5  
Contingent consideration liability i 7.0   i 0.8   i    i 7.9  
Aggregate purchase price$ i 42.4  $ i 304.1  $ i 61.5  $ i 408.0  
Net tangible assets acquired / (liabilities assumed)$( i 2.5) $ i 10.8  $ i   $ i 8.3  
Goodwill i 30.7   i 181.6   i 27.1   i 239.4  
Intangible assets i 14.2   i 111.7   i 34.4   i 160.3  
Aggregate purchase price$ i 42.4  $ i 304.1  $ i 61.5  $ i 408.0  

* Broadridge acquired the retirement plan custody and trust assets from TD Ameritrade Trust Company.
Rockall Technologies Limited (Rockall)
In May 2019, the Company completed the acquisition of Rockall, a leading provider of securities-based lending (“SBL”) and collateral management solutions for wealth management firms and commercial banks. The acquisition expands Broadridge’s core front-to-back office wealth capabilities, providing innovative SBL and collateral management technology solutions to help firms manage risk and optimize clients’ securities lending and financing needs.
The contingent consideration liability is payable over the next two years upon the achievement by the acquired business of certain revenue targets, and has a maximum potential pay-out of $ i 10.1 million upon the achievement in full of the defined financial targets by the acquired business.
Goodwill is not tax deductible.
Intangible assets acquired consist primarily of software technology and customer relationships, which are being amortized over a four-year life and six-year life, respectively.
In the first quarter of fiscal year 2020, the Company settled deferred payment obligations totaling $ i 0.5 million.
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RPM Technologies (RPM)
In June 2019, Broadridge acquired RPM, a leading Canadian provider of enterprise wealth management software solutions and services. The acquisition brings new capabilities and next-generation technology to clients of both RPM and Broadridge.
The contingent consideration liability is payable over the next two years upon the achievement by the acquired business of certain revenue targets, and has a maximum potential pay-out of $ i 3.7 million upon the achievement in full of the defined financial targets by the acquired business.
Goodwill is partially tax deductible.
Intangible assets acquired consist primarily of software technology and customer relationships, which are being amortized over a five-year life and seven-year life, respectively.
In the first quarter of fiscal year 2020, the Company settled deferred payment obligations totaling $ i 40.9 million with a remaining expected payment obligation of approximately $ i 4.0 million.
The allocation of the purchase price is still subject to a working capital adjustment.
Retirement Plan Custody and Trust Assets from TD Ameritrade
In June 2019, Broadridge acquired the retirement plan custody and trust assets from TD Ameritrade Trust Company, a subsidiary of TD Ameritrade Holding Company. The acquisition expands Broadridge’s suite of solutions for the growing qualified and non-qualified retirement plan services market and the support it provides for third-party administrators, financial advisors, record-keepers, banks, and brokers.
Goodwill is tax deductible.
Intangible assets acquired consist of customer relationships, which are being amortized over a seven-year life.
NOTE 7.  i FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
Accounting guidance on fair value measurements for certain financial assets and liabilities requires that assets and liabilities carried at fair value be classified and disclosed in one of the following three categories:
Level 1     Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities.
Level 2     Observable market-based inputs other than quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities.

Level 3     Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities. Level 3 assets and liabilities include financial instruments whose value is determined using pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies, or similar techniques, as well as instruments for which the determination of fair value requires significant management judgment or estimation.
In valuing assets and liabilities, the Company is required to maximize the use of quoted market prices and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The Company calculates the fair value of its Level 1 and Level 2 instruments, as applicable, based on the exchange traded price of similar or identical instruments where available or based on other observable instruments. These calculations take into consideration the credit risk of both the Company and its counterparties. The Company has not changed its valuation techniques in measuring the fair value of any financial assets and liabilities during the period.
The fair values of the contingent consideration obligations are based on a probability weighted approach derived from the estimates of earn-out criteria and the probability assessment with respect to the likelihood of achieving those criteria. The measurement is based on significant inputs that are not observable in the market, therefore, the Company classifies this liability as Level 3 in the table below.
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 i 
The following tables set forth the Company’s financial assets and liabilities at December 31, 2019 and June 30, 2019, respectively, that are recorded at fair value, segregated by level within the fair value hierarchy:
December 31, 2019
Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
(In millions)
Assets:
Cash and cash equivalents:
       Money market funds (a)$ i 42.4  $ i   $ i   $ i 42.4  
Other current assets:
       Securities i 0.4   i    i    i 0.4  
Other non-current assets:
       Securities i 99.7   i    i    i 99.7  
Total assets as of December 31, 2019$ i 142.5  $ i   $ i   $ i 142.5  
Liabilities:
       Contingent consideration obligations i    i    i 33.0   i 33.0  
Total liabilities as of December 31, 2019$ i   $ i   $ i 33.0  $ i 33.0  

June 30, 2019
Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
(In millions)
Assets:
Cash and cash equivalents:
       Money market funds (a)$ i 68.1  $ i   $ i   $ i 68.1  
Other current assets:
       Securities i 0.4   i    i    i 0.4  
Other non-current assets:
       Securities i 81.8   i    i    i 81.8  
Total assets as of June 30, 2019$ i 150.3  $ i   $ i   $ i 150.3  
Liabilities:
       Contingent consideration obligations i    i    i 28.4   i 28.4  
Total liabilities as of June 30, 2019$ i   $ i   $ i 28.4  $ i 28.4  
_________
(a)Money market funds include money market deposit account balances of $ i 23.0 million and $ i 30.1 million as of December 31, 2019 and June 30, 2019, respectively.
 / 
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In addition, the Company has non-marketable securities with a carrying amount of $ i 32.1 million and $ i 12.9 million as of December 31, 2019 and June 30, 2019, respectively, that are classified as Level 2 financial assets and included as part of Other non-current assets on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
 i 
The following table sets forth an analysis of changes during the three and six months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, in Level 3 financial liabilities of the Company:
Three Months Ended December 31,Six Months Ended December 31,
2019201820192018
 (In millions)
Beginning balance$ i 26.5  $ i 18.1  $ i 28.4  $ i 18.6  
Additional contingent consideration incurred i 7.0   i    i 7.0   i   
Net increase (decrease) in contingent consideration liability i    i    i    i   
Foreign currency impact on contingent consideration liability i 0.1  ( i 0.2) ( i 0.3) ( i 0.6) 
Payments( i 0.6) ( i 0.4) ( i 2.1) ( i 0.6) 
Ending balance$ i 33.0  $ i 17.4  $ i 33.0  $ i 17.4  
 / 
Changes in economic conditions or model-based valuation techniques may require the transfer of financial instruments between levels. The Company’s policy is to record transfers between levels if any, as of the beginning of the fiscal year.
NOTE 8.  i LEASES
The Company’s leases consist primarily of real estate leases in locations where the Company maintains operations, and are classified as operating leases.
The Company evaluates each lease and service arrangement at inception to determine if the arrangement is, or contains, a lease. A lease exists if the Company obtains substantially all of the economic benefits of and has the right to control the use of an asset for a period of time. The lease term begins on the commencement date, which is the date the Company takes possession of the leased property and also classifies the lease as either operating or finance, and may include options to extend or terminate the lease if exercise of the option to extend or terminate the lease is considered to be reasonably certain. The Company’s options to extend or terminate a lease generally do not exceed five years. The lease term is used both to determine lease classification as an operating or finance lease and to calculate straight-line lease expense for operating leases. The weighted average remaining operating lease term as of December 31, 2019 was  i 8.9 years.
ROU assets represent the Company’s right to use an underlying asset for the lease term while lease liabilities represent the Company’s obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. ROU assets and lease liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of fixed lease payments over the lease term. ROU assets also include prepaid lease payments and exclude lease incentives received. Certain leases require the Company to pay taxes, insurance, maintenance, and/or other operating expenses associated with the leased asset. Such amounts are not included in the measurement of the lease liability to the extent they are variable in nature (e.g. based on actual costs incurred). These variable lease costs are recognized as a variable lease expense when incurred. As the Company’s leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company uses its incremental borrowing rate to measure the lease liability and the associated ROU asset at commencement date. The incremental borrowing rate was determined based on the rate of interest that the Company would have to pay to borrow an amount equal to the lease payments on a collateralized basis over a similar term. The Company uses the unsecured borrowing rate and risk-adjusts that rate to approximate a collateralized rate. The weighted average discount rate used in measurement of the Company’s operating lease liabilities as of December 31, 2019 was  i 3.1%.

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 i 
Supplemental Balance Sheet Information

December 31, 2019
(In millions)
Assets:
       Operating lease ROU assets (a)$ i 235.8  
Liabilities:
       Operating lease liabilities (a) - Current$ i 29.9  
       Operating lease liabilities (a) - Non-current i 222.9  
       Total Operating lease liabilities$ i 252.9  
_________
(a)Operating lease assets are included within Other non-current assets, and operating lease liabilities are included within Payables and accrued expenses (current portion) and Other non-current liabilities (non-current portion) in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2019.
 / 

 i 
Components of Lease Cost (a)

Three Months Ended December 31, 2019Six Months Ended December 31, 2019
(In millions)
Operating lease cost$ i 9.9   i 18.1  
Variable lease cost$ i 5.9   i 12.0  
_________
(a)Lease cost is included within Cost of revenues and Selling, general and administrative expenses, dependent upon the nature and use of the ROU asset, in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings.
 / 

 i 
Supplemental Cash Flow Information

Six Months Ended December 31, 2019
(In millions)
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities
       Operating cash outflows from operating leases$ i 12.5  
ROU assets obtained in exchange for operating lease liabilities$ i 15.3  
 / 

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Maturity of Lease Liabilities under Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 842 (Leases)
 i 
Future rental payments on leases with initial non-cancellable lease terms in excess of one year were due as follows at December 31, 2019:

Operating Leases (a)
Years Ending June 30,(In millions)
2020$ i 19.4  
2021 i 37.3  
2022 i 33.9  
2023 i 32.0  
2024 i 29.9  
Thereafter i 135.8  
   Total lease payments i 288.4  
Less: Discount Amount i 35.5  
   Present value of operating lease liabilities$ i 252.9  
_________
(a)Operating lease payments exclude $ i 103.4 million of legally binding lease payments for real estate leases signed but not yet commenced. Operating leases that have been signed but not yet commenced are expected to commence in the third quarter of fiscal 2020, with a lease term of  i 15 years.
 / 

Maturity of Lease Liabilities under ASC 840 (Leases)
 i 
Future minimum rental payments on leases with initial non-cancellable lease terms in excess of one year were due as follows at June 30, 2019:

Years Ending June 30, (In millions)
2020$ i 46.8  
2021 i 45.2  
2022 i 39.5  
2023 i 35.9  
2024 i 34.7  
Thereafter i 204.4  
   Total lease payments$ i 406.5  
 / 

Rent expense for all operating leases was $ i 49.0 million and $ i 50.4 million during the year ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

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NOTE 9.  i OTHER NON-CURRENT ASSETS
 i 
Other non-current assets consisted of the following:
December 31, 2019June 30, 2019
(In millions)
Deferred client conversion and start-up costs$ i 339.0  $ i 254.7  
ROU assets (a) i 235.8  —  
Long-term investments i 136.7   i 100.4  
Deferred sales commissions costs i 93.6   i 95.5  
Contract assets i 67.5   i 47.5  
Deferred data center costs (b) i 26.7   i 29.0  
Long-term broker fees i 38.1   i 35.3  
Other  i 27.1   i 30.6  
       Total$ i 964.5  $ i 593.1  
(a) ROU assets represent the Company’s right to use an underlying asset for the lease term. Please refer to Note 8, “Leases” for a further discussion.
(b) Represents deferred data center costs associated with the Company’s information technology services agreements with International Business Machines Corporation (“IBM”). Please refer to Note 15, “Contractual Commitments, Contingencies and Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements” for a further discussion.
 / 
The total amount of deferred client conversion and start-up costs and deferred sales commission costs amortized in Operating expenses during the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, were $ i 18.9 million and $ i 16.8 million, respectively.
The total amount of deferred client conversion and start-up costs and deferred sales commission cost amortized in Operating expenses during the six months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, were $ i 36.2 million and $ i 32.6 million, respectively.

NOTE 10.  i PAYABLES AND ACCRUED EXPENSES
 i 
Payables and accrued expenses consisted of the following:
December 31, 2019June 30, 2019
(In millions)
Accounts payable$ i 92.7  $ i 133.7  
Employee compensation and benefits i 173.7   i 232.2  
Accrued broker fees i 49.2   i 87.0  
Accrued taxes i 22.1   i 68.9  
Accrued dividend payable i 62.0   i 55.4  
Managed services administration fees i 63.2   i 53.1  
Customer deposits i 41.9   i 34.8  
Operating lease liabilities i 29.9  —  
Other i 80.8   i 46.6  
     Total$ i 615.4  $ i 711.7  
 / 

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NOTE 11.  i BORROWINGS
 i 
Outstanding borrowings and available capacity under the Company’s borrowing arrangements were as follows:
Expiration
Date
Principal amount outstanding at December 31, 2019Carrying value at December 31, 2019Carrying value at June 30, 2019Unused
Available
Capacity
Fair Value at December 31, 2019
(In millions)
Current portion of long-term debt
       Fiscal 2014 Senior Notes (a)September 2020$ i 400.0  $ i 399.5  $—  $—  $ i 405.0  
            Total$ i 400.0  $ i 399.5  $—  $—  $ i 405.0  
Long-term debt, excluding current portion
Fiscal 2019 Revolving Credit Facility:
       U.S. dollar trancheMarch 2024$ i   $ i   $ i 360.0  $ i 1,100.0  $ i   
       Multicurrency trancheMarch 2024 i 212.2   i 212.2   i 215.7   i 187.8   i 212.2  
             Total Revolving Credit Facility i 212.2   i 212.2   i 575.7   i  i 1,287.8 /    i 212.2  
Fiscal 2014 Senior Notes (a)September 2020—  —   i  i 399.2 /   —  —  
Fiscal 2016 Senior NotesJune 2026 i 500.0   i 495.8   i 495.5  —   i 522.0  
Fiscal 2020 Senior NotesDecember 2029 i 750.0   i 741.3   i   —   i 749.9  
             Total Senior Notes i 1,250.0   i 1,237.1   i 894.7  —   i 1,271.9  
             Total long-term debt$ i 1,462.2  $ i 1,449.3  $ i 1,470.4  $ i  i 1,287.8 /   $ i 1,484.1  
             Total debt$ i 1,862.2  $ i 1,848.8  $ i 1,470.4  $ i  i 1,287.8 /   $ i 1,889.1  
_________
(a) The Fiscal 2014 Senior Notes were reclassified from Long-term debt to Current portion of long-term debt in September 2019 to reflect the remaining maturity of less than a year.
 / 

 i 
Future principal payments on the Company’s outstanding debt are as follows:
Years ending June 30,20202021202220232024ThereafterTotal
(in millions)$ i   $ i 400.0  $ i   $ i   $ i 212.2  $ i 1,250.0  $ i 1,862.2  
 / 

Fiscal 2019 Revolving Credit Facility: On March 18, 2019, the Company entered into an amended and restated $ i 1.5 billion five-year revolving credit facility (the “Fiscal 2019 Revolving Credit Facility”), which replaced the $ i 1.0 billion five-year revolving credit facility entered into during February 2017 (the “Fiscal 2017 Revolving Credit Facility”) (together the “Revolving Credit Facilities”). The Fiscal 2019 Revolving Credit Facility is comprised of a $ i 1.1 billion U.S. dollar tranche and a $ i 400.0 million multicurrency tranche.
The weighted-average interest rate on the Revolving Credit Facilities was  i 2.80% and  i 2.95% for the three and six months ended December 31, 2019 and  i 3.24% and  i 3.13% for the three and six months ended December 31, 2018. The fair value of the variable-rate Fiscal 2019 Revolving Credit Facility borrowings at December 31, 2019 approximates carrying value and has been classified as a Level 2 financial liability (as defined in Note 7, “Fair Value of Financial Instruments”).
Borrowings under the Fiscal 2019 Revolving Credit Facility can be made in tranches up to  i 360 days and bear interest at LIBOR plus  i 101.5 basis points. In addition, the Fiscal 2019 Revolving Credit Facility has an annual facility fee equal to  i 11.0 basis points on the entire facility. The Company may voluntarily prepay, in whole or in part and without premium or penalty, borrowings under the Fiscal 2019 Revolving Credit Facility in accordance with individual drawn loan maturities. The Fiscal 2019 Revolving Credit Facility is subject to certain covenants, including a leverage ratio. At December 31, 2019, the Company is in compliance with all covenants of the Fiscal 2019 Revolving Credit Facility.
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Fiscal 2014 Senior Notes: In August 2013, the Company completed an offering of $ i 400.0 million in aggregate principal amount of senior notes (the “Fiscal 2014 Senior Notes”). The Fiscal 2014 Senior Notes will mature on September 1, 2020 and bear interest at a rate of  i 3.95% per annum. Interest on the Fiscal 2014 Senior Notes is payable semi-annually in arrears on March 1st and September 1st each year. The Fiscal 2014 Senior Notes were issued at a price of  i 99.871% (effective yield to maturity of  i 3.971%). The indenture governing the Fiscal 2014 Senior Notes contains certain covenants including covenants restricting the Company’s ability to create or incur liens securing indebtedness for borrowed money and to enter into certain sale-leaseback transactions. At December 31, 2019, the Company is in compliance with the covenants of the indenture governing the Fiscal 2014 Senior Notes. The indenture also contains covenants regarding the purchase of the Fiscal 2014 Senior Notes upon a change of control triggering event. The Company may redeem the Fiscal 2014 Senior Notes in whole or in part at any time before their maturity. The fair value of the fixed-rate Fiscal 2014 Senior Notes at December 31, 2019 and June 30, 2019 was $ i 405.0 million and $ i 405.4 million, respectively, based on quoted market prices and has been classified as a Level 1 financial liability (as defined in Note 7, “Fair Value of Financial Instruments”).
Fiscal 2016 Senior Notes: In June 2016, the Company completed an offering of $ i 500.0 million in aggregate principal amount of senior notes (the “Fiscal 2016 Senior Notes”). The Fiscal 2016 Senior Notes will mature on June 27, 2026 and bear interest at a rate of  i 3.40% per annum. Interest on the Fiscal 2016 Senior Notes is payable semi-annually in arrears on June 27 and December 27 of each year. The Fiscal 2016 Senior Notes were issued at a price of  i 99.589% (effective yield to maturity of  i 3.449%). The indenture governing the Fiscal 2016 Senior Notes contains certain covenants including covenants restricting the Company’s ability to create or incur liens securing indebtedness for borrowed money, to enter into certain sale-leaseback transactions, and to engage in mergers or consolidations and transfer or lease all or substantially all of our assets. At December 31, 2019, the Company is in compliance with the covenants of the indenture governing the Fiscal 2016 Senior Notes. The indenture also contains covenants regarding the purchase of the Fiscal 2016 Senior Notes upon a change of control triggering event. The Company may redeem the Fiscal 2016 Senior Notes in whole or in part at any time before their maturity. The fair value of the fixed-rate Fiscal 2016 Senior Notes at December 31, 2019 and June 30, 2019 was $ i 522.0 million and $ i 509.8 million, respectively, based on quoted market prices and has been classified as a Level 1 financial liability (as defined in Note 7, “Fair Value of Financial Instruments”).
Fiscal 2020 Senior Notes: In December 2019, the Company completed an offering of $ i 750.0 million in aggregate principal amount of senior notes (the “Fiscal 2020 Senior Notes”). The Fiscal 2020 Senior Notes will mature on December 1, 2029 and bear interest at a rate of  i 2.90% per annum. Interest on the Fiscal 2020 Senior Notes is payable semi-annually in arrears on June 1 and December 1 of each year. The Fiscal 2020 Senior Notes were issued at a price of  i 99.717% (effective yield to maturity of  i 2.933%). The indenture governing the Fiscal 2020 Senior Notes contains certain covenants including covenants restricting the Company’s ability to create or incur liens securing indebtedness for borrowed money, to enter into certain sale-leaseback transactions, and to engage in mergers or consolidations and transfer or lease all or substantially all of our assets. At December 31, 2019, the Company is in compliance with the covenants of the indenture governing the Fiscal 2020 Senior Notes. The indenture also contains covenants regarding the purchase of the Fiscal 2020 Senior Notes upon a change of control triggering event. The Company may redeem the Fiscal 2020 Senior Notes in whole or in part at any time before their maturity. The fair value of the fixed-rate Fiscal 2020 Senior Notes at December 31, 2019 was $ i 749.9 million, based on quoted market prices and has been classified as a Level 1 financial liability (as defined in Note 7, “Fair Value of Financial Instruments”).
The Fiscal 2019 Revolving Credit Facility, Fiscal 2014 Senior Notes, Fiscal 2016 Senior Notes and Fiscal 2020 Senior Notes are senior unsecured obligations of the Company and are ranked equally in right of payment.
In addition, certain of the Company’s subsidiaries established unsecured, uncommitted lines of credit with banks. As of December 31, 2019 and June 30, 2019, there were  i  i no /  outstanding borrowings under these lines of credit.
NOTE 12.  i OTHER NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES
 i 
Other non-current liabilities consisted of the following:
December 31, 2019June 30, 2019
(In millions)
Operating lease liabilities$ i 222.9  $—  
Post-employment retirement obligations i 140.0   i 130.8  
Non-current income taxes i 41.0   i 40.5  
Acquisition related contingencies i 15.8   i 26.3  
Other i 16.2   i 35.3  
       Total$ i 435.9  $ i 232.8  
 / 

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NOTE 13.  i STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
 i 
The activity related to the Company’s incentive equity awards for the three months ended December 31, 2019 consisted of the following:
Stock OptionsTime-based
Restricted Stock Units
Performance-based
Restricted Stock Units
Number of
Options
Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
Number
of Shares
Weighted-
Average
Grant
Date Fair
Value
Number
of Shares
Weighted-
Average
Grant
Date Fair
Value
Balances at October 1, 2019 i 3,831,624  $ i 65.18   i 814,602  $ i 91.99   i 320,459  $ i 97.91  
Granted i 22,211   i 119.37   i 308,004   i 119.35   i 100,602   i 119.72  
Exercise of stock options (a)( i 115,131)  i 31.78  —  —  —  —  
Vesting of restricted stock units
—  —  ( i 15,379)  i 43.58  —  —  
Expired/forfeited( i 13,712)  i 93.88  ( i 18,249)  i 108.54  ( i 1,333)  i 100.44  
Balances at December 31, 2019 (b),(c)
 i 3,724,992  $ i 66.43   i 1,088,978  $ i 100.14   i 419,728  $ i 103.13  
____________
(a)Stock options exercised during the period of October 1, 2019 through December 31, 2019 had an aggregate intrinsic value of $ i 10.2 million.

(b)As of December 31, 2019, the Company’s outstanding vested and currently exercisable stock options using the December 31, 2019 closing stock price of $ i 123.54 (approximately  i 1.9 million shares) had an aggregate intrinsic value of $ i 148.3 million with a weighted-average exercise price of $ i 46.60 and a weighted-average remaining contractual life of  i 4.7 years. The total of all stock options outstanding as of December 31, 2019 have a weighted-average remaining contractual life of  i 6.3 years.

(c)As of December 31, 2019, time-based restricted stock units and performance-based restricted stock units expected to vest using the December 31, 2019 closing stock price of $ i 123.54 (approximately  i 1.0 million and  i 0.4 million shares, respectively) had an aggregate intrinsic value of $ i 128.1 million and $ i 50.5 million, respectively. Performance-based restricted stock units granted in the table above represent initial target awards, and performance adjustments for (i) change in shares issued based upon attainment of performance goals determined in the period, and (ii) estimated change in shares issued resulting from attainment of performance goals to be determined at the end of the prospective performance period.

The activity related to the Company's incentive equity awards for the six months ended December 31, 2019 consisted of the following:
Stock OptionsTime-based
Restricted Stock Units
Performance-based
Restricted Stock Units
Number of
Options
Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
Number
of Shares
Weighted-
Average
Grant
Date Fair
Value
Number
of Shares
Weighted-
Average
Grant
Date Fair
Value
Balances at July 1, 2019 i 4,201,614  $ i 63.85   i 819,299  $ i 92.15   i 325,777  $ i 97.43  
Granted i 22,211   i 119.37   i 312,124   i 119.36   i 100,602   i 119.72  
Exercise of stock options (a)( i 480,104)  i 45.56  —  —  —  —  
Vesting of restricted stock units
—  —  ( i 15,791)  i 44.95  —  —  
Expired/forfeited( i 18,729)  i 85.48  ( i 26,654)  i 112.46  ( i 6,651)  i 74.70  
Balances at December 31, 2019
 i 3,724,992  $ i 66.43   i 1,088,978  $ i 100.14   i 419,728  $ i 103.13  
____________
(a)Stock options exercised during the period of July 1, 2019 through December 31, 2019 had an aggregate intrinsic value of $ i 38.3 million.
 / 


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The Company has stock-based compensation plans under which the Company annually grants stock option and restricted stock unit awards. Stock options are granted to employees at exercise prices equal to the fair market value of the Company’s common stock on the dates of grant, with the measurement of stock-based compensation expense recognized in Net earnings based on the fair value of the award on the date of grant. Stock-based compensation expense of $ i 18.5 million and $ i 18.6 million, as well as related expected tax benefits of $ i 4.0 million and $ i 4.2 million were recognized for the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Stock-based compensation expense of $ i 30.3 million and $ i 29.4 million, as well as related expected tax benefits of $ i 6.6 million and $ i 6.6 million were recognized for the six months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
As of December 31, 2019, the total remaining unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested stock options and restricted stock unit awards amounted to $ i 12.1 million and $ i 67.7 million, respectively, which will be amortized over the weighted-average remaining requisite service periods of  i 2.4 years and  i 1.8 years, respectively.
For stock options granted, the fair value of each stock option was estimated on the date of grant using a binomial option pricing model. The binomial model considers a range of assumptions related to volatility, risk-free interest rate and employee exercise behavior. Expected volatilities utilized in the binomial model are based on a combination of implied market volatilities, historical volatility of the Company’s stock price and other factors. Similarly, the dividend yield is based on historical experience and expected future changes. The risk-free rate is derived from the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant. The binomial model also incorporates exercise and forfeiture assumptions based on an analysis of historical data. The expected life of the stock option grants is derived from the output of the binomial model and represents the period of time that options granted are expected to be outstanding.
NOTE 14.  i INCOME TAXES
The provision for income taxes for the three and six months ended December 31, 2019 was $ i 0.4 million and $ i 8.3 million, respectively, compared to $ i 14.4 million and $ i 27.0 million for the three and six months ended December 31, 2018, respectively.
The effective tax rate for the three and six months ended December 31, 2019 was  i 3.8% and  i 11.2%, respectively, compared to  i 22.4% and  i 17.6% for the three and six months ended December 31, 2018, respectively.
The decrease in the effective tax rate for the three months ended December 31, 2019 was primarily driven by the impact of discrete tax items relative to pre-tax income, including excess tax benefits of $ i 2.2 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019 compared to $ i 0.8 million for the three months ended December 31, 2018.
The decrease in the effective tax rate for the six months ended December 31, 2019 was primarily driven by the impact of discrete tax items relative to pre-tax income, including excess tax benefits of $ i 7.9 million for the six months ended December 31, 2019 compared to $ i 7.9 million for the six months ended December 31, 2018.
NOTE 15.  i CONTRACTUAL COMMITMENTS, CONTINGENCIES AND OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS
Data Center Agreements
In March 2010, the Company and IBM entered into an Information Technology Services Agreement (the “IT Services Agreement”), under which IBM provided certain aspects of the Company’s information technology infrastructure. Under the IT Services Agreement, IBM provided a broad range of technology services to the Company including supporting its mainframe, midrange, network and data center operations, as well as providing disaster recovery services. The migration of data center processing to IBM was completed in August 2012. The IT Services Agreement would have expired on June 30, 2022, but a two-year extension was signed in March 2015, amending the expiration date to June 30, 2024. In December 2019, the Company and IBM amended and restated the IT Services Agreement (the “Amended IT Services Agreement”), which now expires on June 30, 2027. The Company has the option of incorporating additional services into the Amended IT Services Agreement over time. The Company may renew the term of the Amended IT Services Agreement for up to  i one additional  i 12-month period. Fixed minimum commitments remaining under the Amended IT Services Agreement at December 31, 2019 are $ i 263.4 million through fiscal year 2027, the final year of the Amended IT Services Agreement.
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In December 2019, the Company and IBM entered into an information technology agreement for private cloud services (the “IBM Private Cloud Agreement”) under which IBM will operate, manage and support the Company’s private cloud global distributed platforms and products, and operate and manage certain Company networks. The IBM Private Cloud Agreement has an initial term of approximately 10 years and three months, expiring on March 31, 2030. As a result of the IBM Private Cloud Agreement, the Company expects that certain of its employees will become employees of IBM or one of its affiliates, and that such transferred employees will continue providing services to the Company on behalf of IBM under the IBM Private Cloud Agreement. Pursuant to the IBM Private Cloud Agreement, the Company has agreed to transfer the ownership of certain Company-owned hardware (the “Hardware”) located at Company facilities worldwide along with the Company’s maintenance agreements (“Maintenance Contracts) associated with the Hardware to IBM. The transfer of the Hardware and Maintenance Contracts to IBM is expected to close no later than September 30, 2020. The Company concluded that the Hardware qualifies as assets held for sale since the Company has committed to a plan of disposal expected to be completed within a year, and therefore, has recorded the Hardware at fair value less costs to dispose based on the expected selling price to IBM (a Level 3 fair value measurement as defined in Note 7, “Fair Value of Financial Instruments”). Accordingly, the Company recorded a non-cash pre-tax charge of $ i 31.8 million equal to the difference between the Hardware’s carrying value and estimated fair value less costs to dispose, included as part of Cost of revenues on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings and is included in Other for purposes of the Company's segment reporting. As of December 31, 2019, the Hardware classified as assets held for sale has a carrying amount of approximately $ i 18.0 million and is included in the Company’s Other current assets line item on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Fixed minimum commitments remaining under the IBM Private Cloud Agreement at December 31, 2019 are $ i 242.8 million through March 31, 2030, the final year of the contract.
In March 2014, the Company and IBM United Kingdom Limited (“IBM UK”) entered into an Information Technology Services Agreement (the “EU IT Services Agreement”), under which IBM UK provides data center services supporting the Company’s technology outsourcing services for certain clients in Europe and Asia. The EU IT Services Agreement would have expired in October 2023. In December 2019, the Company amended the existing EU IT Services Agreement whereby the Company will migrate from the existing dedicated on-premise solution to a managed Broadridge private cloud environment provided by IBM, as well as extended the term of the EU IT Services Agreement to June 2029 (the “Amended EU IT Services Agreement”). The Company has the right to renew the term of the Amended EU IT Services Agreement for up to  i one additional  i 12-month period or  i one additional  i 24-month period. Fixed minimum commitments remaining under the Amended EU IT Services Agreement at December 31, 2019 are $ i 26.3 million through fiscal year 2029, the final year of the contract.
Investments
The Company contributed $ i 1.5 million to an equity method investment during the six months ended December 31, 2019, and has a remaining commitment of $ i 0.2 million to fund this investment at December 31, 2019. At December 31, 2019, the Company also has a future commitment to fund $ i 3.9 million to one of the Company’s investees.
Other
In the normal course of business, the Company is subject to various claims and litigation. While the outcome of any claim or litigation is inherently unpredictable, the Company believes that the ultimate resolution of these matters will not, individually or in the aggregate, result in a material impact on its financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
It is not the Company’s business practice to enter into off-balance sheet arrangements. However, the Company is exposed to market risk from changes in foreign currency exchange rates that could impact its financial position, results of operations, and cash flows. The Company manages its exposure to these market risks through its regular operating and financing activities and, when deemed appropriate, through the use of derivative financial instruments. The Company may use derivative financial instruments as risk management tools and not for trading purposes. The Company was not a party to any derivative financial instruments at December 31, 2019 or at June 30, 2019.
In the normal course of business, the Company also enters into contracts in which it makes representations and warranties that relate to the performance of the Company’s products and services. The Company does not expect any material losses related to such representations and warranties, or collateral arrangements.
The Company’s business process outsourcing and mutual fund processing services are performed by Broadridge Business Process Outsourcing, LLC (“BBPO”), an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary, which is a broker-dealer registered with the SEC and a member of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (“FINRA”). Although BBPO’s FINRA membership agreement allows it to engage in clearing and the retailing of corporate securities in addition to mutual fund retailing on a wire order basis, BBPO does not clear customer transactions, process any retail business or carry customer accounts. As a registered broker-dealer and member of FINRA, BBPO is subject to the Uniform Net Capital Rule 15c3-1 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, which requires BBPO to maintain a minimum net capital amount. At December 31, 2019, BBPO was in compliance with this net capital requirement.
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BBPO, as a “Managing Clearing Member” of the Options Clearing Corporation (the “OCC”), is also subject to OCC Rule 309(b) with respect to the business process outsourcing services that it provides to other OCC “Managed Clearing Member” broker-dealers. OCC Rule 309(b) requires BBPO to maintain a minimum net capital amount. At December 31, 2019, BBPO was in compliance with this net capital requirement.
In addition, Matrix Trust Company, a subsidiary of the Company, is a Colorado State non-depository trust company and National Securities Clearing Corporation trust member, whose primary business is to provide cash agent, custodial and directed trustee services to institutional customers, and investment management services to collective trust funds. As a result, Matrix Trust Company is subject to various regulatory capital requirements administered by the Colorado Division of Banking and the Arizona Department of Financial Institutions, as well as the National Securities Clearing Corporation. Specific capital requirements that involve quantitative measures of assets, liabilities, and certain off-balance sheet items, when applicable, must be met. At December 31, 2019, Matrix Trust Company was in compliance with its capital requirements.
NOTE 16.  i CHANGES IN ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME/(LOSS) BY COMPONENT
 i 
The following tables summarize the changes in the accumulated balances for each component of accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) for the three and six months ended December 31, 2019, and 2018, respectively:
Foreign
Currency
Translation
Pension
and Post-
Retirement
Liabilities
Total
(In millions)
Balances at October 1, 2019$( i 66.9) $( i 12.6) $( i 79.5) 
Other comprehensive income/(loss) before reclassifications i 11.4   i    i 11.4  
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss)
 i    i 0.4   i 0.4  
Balances at December 31, 2019$( i 55.5) $( i 12.2) $( i 67.7) 

Foreign
Currency
Translation
Pension
and Post-
Retirement
Liabilities
Total
(In millions)
Balances at October 1, 2018$( i 53.3) $( i 10.2) $( i 63.5) 
Other comprehensive income/(loss) before reclassifications( i 6.1)  i 0.4  ( i 5.7) 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss)
 i    i    i   
Balances at December 31, 2018$( i 59.3) $( i 9.8) $( i 69.2) 

Foreign
Currency
Translation
Pension
and Post-
Retirement
Liabilities
Total
(in millions)
Balances at July 1, 2019$( i 58.3) $( i 12.9) $( i 71.2) 
Other comprehensive income/(loss) before reclassifications i 2.8   i    i 2.8  
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss)
 i    i 0.7   i 0.7  
Balances at December 31, 2019$( i 55.5) $( i 12.2) $( i 67.7) 

Foreign
Currency
Translation
Pension
and Post-
Retirement
Liabilities
Total
(in millions)
Balances at July 1, 2018$( i 43.2) $( i 10.2) $( i 53.5) 
Other comprehensive income/(loss) before reclassifications( i 16.1)  i 0.4  ( i 15.7) 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss)
 i    i    i   
Balances at December 31, 2018$( i 59.3) $( i 9.8) $( i 69.2) 
 / 

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NOTE 17.  i INTERIM FINANCIAL DATA BY SEGMENT
The Company operates in  i two reportable segments: Investor Communication Solutions and Global Technology and Operations. See Note 1, “Basis of Presentation” for a further description of the Company’s reportable segments.
The primary components of “Other” are certain gains, losses, corporate overhead expenses and non-operating expenses that have not been allocated to the reportable segments, such as interest expense. Foreign currency exchange is a reconciling item between the actual foreign currency exchange rates and the constant foreign currency exchange rates used for internal management reporting.
Certain corporate expenses, as well as certain centrally managed expenses, are allocated based upon budgeted amounts in a reasonable manner. Because the Company compensates the management of its various businesses on, among other factors, segment profit, the Company may elect to record certain segment-related operating and non-operating expense items in Other rather than reflect such items in segment profit.
In connection with an organizational change made in the first quarter of fiscal year 2020, in order to further align our portfolio of services, the results for the Company's wealth management Advisor Solutions services that were previously reported in our Investor Communication Solutions reportable segment are now reported within the Global Technology and Operations reportable segment. As a result, our prior period segment results for the three and six months ended December 31, 2018 have been revised to reflect this change, which resulted in transferring $ i  i 10.4 /  million of revenues and $ i  i 0.3 /  million of earnings before income taxes between reportable segments for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and $ i  i 21.1 /  million of revenues and $ i  i 0.4 /  million earnings before income taxes between reportable segments for the six months ended December 31, 2018.
 i 
Segment results:
Revenues
Three Months Ended 
 December 31,
Six Months Ended 
 December 31,
2019201820192018
(In millions)
Investor Communication Solutions$ i 715.6  $ i 727.8  $ i 1,418.2  $ i 1,482.8  
Global Technology and Operations i 280.9   i 247.0   i 554.8   i 485.4  
Foreign currency exchange( i 27.8) ( i 21.4) ( i 55.8) ( i 42.0) 
       Total$ i 968.7  $ i 953.4  $ i 1,917.2  $ i 1,926.2  

Earnings (Loss) before Income
Taxes
Three Months Ended 
 December 31,
Six Months Ended 
 December 31,
2019201820192018
(In millions)
Investor Communication Solutions$ i 22.1  $ i 36.8  $ i 45.1  $ i 95.6  
Global Technology and Operations i 49.0   i 47.5   i 105.5   i 94.1  
Other( i 68.1) ( i 27.9) ( i 89.3) ( i 51.0) 
Foreign currency exchange i 7.5   i 7.9   i 13.0   i 15.0  
       Total$ i 10.5  $ i 64.3  $ i 74.3  $ i 153.6  
 / 

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NOTE 18.  i SUBSEQUENT EVENTS 
In January 2020, the Company signed an agreement to acquire FundsLibrary Limited (“FundsLibrary”), a leader in fund document and data dissemination in the European market. The combination of FundsLibrary’s capabilities with Broadridge’s existing regulatory communications offerings is expected to enable Broadridge to reduce complexity and cost for global fund managers, helping them to increase distribution opportunities and meet their regulatory requirements across multiple jurisdictions. The acquisition is expected to close in February 2020, with an expected purchase price of approximately $ i 69 million net of cash acquired and subject to normal closing adjustments.

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Item 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying Notes thereto included elsewhere herein.
Overview
Broadridge, a Delaware corporation and a part of the S&P 500® Index, is a global financial technology leader providing investor communications and technology-driven solutions to banks, broker-dealers, asset and wealth managers and corporate issuers. With over 50 years of experience, including over 10 years as an independent public company, we provide financial services firms with advanced, dependable, scalable and cost-effective integrated solutions and an important infrastructure that powers the financial services industry. Our solutions enable better financial lives by powering investing, governance and communications and help reduce the need for our clients to make significant capital investments in operations infrastructure, thereby allowing them to increase their focus on core business activities.
Our services include investor communications, securities processing, data and analytics, and customer communications solutions. We serve a large and diverse client base across four client groups: banks/broker-dealers, asset management firms/mutual funds, wealth management firms and corporate issuers. For capital markets firms, we help our clients lower costs and improve the effectiveness of their trade and account processing operations with support for their front-, middle- and back-office operations, and their administration, finance, risk and compliance requirements. We serve asset management firms by meeting their critical needs for shareholder communications and by providing investment operations technology to support their investment decisions. For wealth management clients, we provide an integrated platform with tools that create a better investor experience, while also delivering a more streamlined, efficient, and effective advisory servicing process. For our corporate issuer clients, we help manage every aspect of their shareholder communications, including registered and beneficial proxy processing, annual meeting support, transfer agency services and financial disclosure document creation, management and SEC filing services.
We operate our business in two reportable segments: Investor Communication Solutions and Global Technology and Operations.

Investor Communication Solutions

We provide governance and communications solutions through our Investor Communication Solutions business segment to the following financial services clients: banks/broker-dealers, asset management firms/mutual funds, wealth management firms and corporate issuers. In addition to financial services firms, our Customer Communications business also serves companies in the healthcare, insurance, consumer finance, telecommunications, utilities and other service industries.
A large portion of our Investor Communication Solutions business involves the processing and distribution of proxy materials to investors in equity securities and mutual funds, as well as the facilitation of related vote processing. ProxyEdge® is our innovative electronic proxy delivery and voting solution for institutional investors and financial advisors that helps ensure the voting participation of the largest stockholders of many companies. We also provide the distribution of regulatory reports and corporate action/reorganization event information, as well as tax reporting solutions that help our clients meet their regulatory compliance needs.
For asset managers and retirement service providers, we offer data-driven solutions and an end-to-end platform for content management, composition, and multi-channel distribution of regulatory, marketing, and transactional information. Our data and analytics solutions provide investment product distribution data, analytical tools, insights, and research to enable asset managers to optimize product distribution across retail and institutional channels globally. We also provide mutual fund trade processing services for retirement providers, third party administrators, financial advisors, banks and wealth management professionals through Matrix Financial Solutions, Inc. (“Matrix”).
In addition, we provide public corporations with a full suite of solutions to help manage their annual meeting process, including registered proxy distribution and processing services, proxy and annual report document management solutions, and solutions to gain insight into their shareholder base through our shareholder data services. We also provide financial reporting document composition and management, SEC disclosure and filing services, and registrar, stock transfer and record-keeping services through Broadridge Corporate Issuer Solutions.
We also provide customer communications solutions which include print and digital solutions, content management, postal optimization, and fulfillment services. The Broadridge Communications CloudSM (the “Communications Cloud”) provides multi-channel communications delivery, communications management, information management and control and administration capabilities that enable and enhance our clients’ communications with their customers. In addition, we provide
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our clients with capabilities to enhance the consumer experience associated with essential communications such as consumer statements, bills and regulatory communications.

Global Technology and Operations

We are a leading global provider of securities processing solutions for capital markets, wealth management, and asset management firms. We offer advanced solutions that automate the securities transaction lifecycle, from desktop productivity tools, data aggregation, performance reporting, and portfolio management to order capture and execution, trade confirmation, margin, cash management, clearance and settlement, asset servicing, reference data management, reconciliations, securities financing and collateral optimization, compliance and regulatory reporting, and accounting.
Our services help financial institutions efficiently and cost-effectively consolidate their books and records, gather and service assets under management and manage risk, thereby enabling them to focus on their core business activities. Our multi-asset, multi-market, multi-entity and multi-currency solutions support real-time global trade processing of equity, fixed income, mutual fund, foreign exchange, and exchange traded derivatives.
In addition, we provide a comprehensive wealth management platform that offers capabilities across the entire wealth management lifecycle and streamlines all aspects of wealth management services, including account management, fee management and client on-boarding. The wealth management platform also enables financial advisors, wealth managers, and insurance agents to better engage with customers through digital marketing and customer communications tools. We integrate data, content and technology to drive new customer acquisition and cross-sell opportunities through the creation of sales and educational content, including seminars as well as customizable advisor websites, search engine marketing and electronic and print newsletters.
Through our Managed Services, we provide business process outsourcing services that support the operations of our buy- and sell-side clients’ businesses and combine our technology with our operations expertise to support the entire trade lifecycle and provide front-, middle- and back-office solutions. We also provide buy-side technology solutions for the global investment management industry through our asset management solutions, including front-, middle- and back-office solutions for hedge funds, family offices, investment managers and the providers that service this space.

Consolidation and Basis of Presentation

The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) in the United States of America (“U.S.”). These Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements present the condensed consolidated position of the Company and include the entities in which the Company directly or indirectly has a controlling financial interest as well as various entities in which the Company has investments recorded under the equity method of accounting as well as certain marketable and non-marketable securities. Intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. Amounts presented may not sum due to rounding.
The results of operations reported for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations for the entire year or any subsequent interim period. These Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2019 in the 2019 Annual Report.
Effective July 1, 2019, the Company adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-02, “Leases” and its related amendments (collectively referred to as “ASU 2016-02, as amended”) by recognizing a right-of-use (“ROU”) asset and corresponding lease liability, along with a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings, in the period of adoption. Under this method of adoption, the Company has not restated the prior period Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements presented to the current period presentation. Additional information about the impact of the Company's adoption of ASU No. 2016-02, as amended is included in Note 2, “New Accounting Pronouncements” and Note 8, “Leases” to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
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Critical Accounting Policies
In presenting the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported and related disclosures. Management continually evaluates the accounting policies and estimates used to prepare the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. The estimates, by their nature, are based on judgment, available information, and historical experience and are believed to be reasonable. However, actual amounts and results could differ from these estimates made by management. In management’s opinion, the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements contain all normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of results reported. The results of operations reported for the periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations for subsequent periods. Certain accounting policies that require significant management estimates and are deemed critical to our results of operations or financial position are discussed in the “Critical Accounting Policies” section of Part II, Item 7 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in the 2019 Annual Report.
Results of Operations
The following discussions of Analysis of Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings and Analysis of Reportable Segments refer to the three and six months ended December 31, 2019 compared to the three and six months ended December 31, 2018. The Analysis of Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings should be read in conjunction with the Analysis of Reportable Segments, which provides a more detailed discussion concerning certain components of the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings.
The following references are utilized in the discussions of Analysis of Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings and Analysis of Reportable Segments:
“Amortization of Acquired Intangibles and Purchased Intellectual Property” and “Acquisition and Integration Costs” represent certain non-cash amortization expenses associated with acquired intangible assets and purchased intellectual property assets, as well as certain transaction and integration costs associated with the Company’s acquisition activities, respectively.
“IBM Private Cloud Charges” represent a charge on the hardware assets to be transferred to International Business Machines Corporation (“IBM”) and other charges related to the information technology agreement for private cloud services the Company entered into with IBM (the “IBM Private Cloud Agreement”).
“Net New Business” refers to recurring revenue from Closed sales less recurring revenue from client losses.
The following definitions describe the Company’s Revenues:
Fee revenues in the Investor Communication Solutions segment are derived from both recurring and event-driven activity. In addition, the level of recurring and event-driven activity we process directly impacts distribution revenues. While event-driven activity is highly repeatable, it may not recur on an annual basis. The types of services we provide that comprise event-driven activity are:
Mutual Fund Proxy: The proxy and related services we provide to mutual funds when certain events occur requiring a shareholder vote including changes in directors, sub-advisors, fee structures, investment restrictions, and mergers of funds.
Mutual Fund Communications: Mutual fund communications services consist primarily of the distribution on behalf of mutual funds of supplemental information required to be provided to the annual mutual fund prospectus as a result of certain triggering events such as a change in portfolio managers. In addition, mutual fund communications consist of notices and marketing materials such as newsletters.
Equity Proxy Contests and Specials, Corporate Actions, and Other: The proxy services we provide in connection with shareholder meetings driven by special events such as proxy contests, mergers and acquisitions, and tender/exchange offers.
Event-driven fee revenues are based on the number of special events and corporate transactions we process. Event-driven activity is impacted by financial market conditions and changes in regulatory compliance requirements, resulting in fluctuations in the timing and levels of event-driven fee revenues. As such, the timing and level of event-driven activity and its potential impact on revenues and earnings are difficult to forecast.
Generally, mutual fund proxy activity has been subject to a greater level of volatility than the other components of event-driven activity. For the six months ended December 31, 2019, mutual fund proxy fee revenues were 58% lower compared to the six months ended December 31, 2018. During fiscal year 2019, mutual fund proxy fee revenues were 14% lower than the prior fiscal year. Although it is difficult to forecast the levels of event-driven activity, we expect that the portion of fee revenues derived from mutual fund proxy activity may continue to experience volatility in the future.
Distribution revenues primarily include revenues related to the physical mailing of proxy materials, interim
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communications, transaction reporting, customer communications and fulfillment services, as well as Matrix administrative services.
Distribution cost of revenues consists primarily of postage-related expenses incurred in connection with our Investor Communication Solutions segment, as well as Matrix administrative services expenses. These costs are reflected in Cost of revenues.
Closed sales represent an estimate of the expected annual recurring fee revenue for new client contracts that were signed by Broadridge in the current reporting period. Closed sales does not include event-driven or distribution activity. We consider contract terms, expected client volumes or activity, knowledge of the marketplace and experience with our clients, among other factors, when determining the estimate. Management uses Closed sales to measure the effectiveness of our sales and marketing programs, as an indicator of expected future revenues and as a performance metric in determining incentive compensation.
Closed sales is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP, and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for revenue or other income statement data prepared in accordance with GAAP. Closed sales is a useful metric for investors in understanding how management measures and evaluates our ongoing operational performance.
The inherent variability of transaction volumes and activity levels can result in some variability of amounts reported as actual achieved Closed sales. Larger Closed sales can take up to 12 to 24 months or longer to convert to revenues, particularly for the services provided by our Global Technology and Operations segment. We report Closed sales net of a 4.0% allowance adjustment. Consequently, our reported Closed sales amounts will not be adjusted for actual revenues achieved because these adjustments are estimated in the period the sale is reported. We assess this allowance amount at the end of each fiscal year to establish the appropriate allowance for the subsequent year using the trailing five years actual data as the starting point, normalized for outlying factors, if any, to enhance the accuracy of the allowance.
Closed sales for the three months ended December 31, 2019 were $45.1 million, a decrease of $60.8 million or 57%, compared to $105.9 million for the three months ended December 31, 2018. Closed sales for the three months ended December 31, 2019 are net of an allowance adjustment of $1.9 million.
Closed sales for the six months ended December 31, 2019 were $82.7 million, a decrease of $41.6 million or 33%, compared to $124.3 million for the six months ended December 31, 2018. Closed sales for the six months ended December 31, 2019 are net of an allowance adjustment of $3.4 million.
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Analysis of Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings
Three Months Ended December 31, 2019 versus Three Months Ended December 31, 2018
The table below presents Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings data for the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, and the dollar and percentage changes between periods:
Three Months Ended 
 December 31,
Change
20192018$%
(In millions, except per share amounts)
Revenues$968.7  $953.4  $15.2   
  Cost of revenues780.9  734.0  46.9   
  Selling, general and administrative expenses161.0  141.2  19.8  14  
       Total operating expenses941.9  875.2  66.7   
Operating income26.8  78.2  (51.4) (66) 
Margin2.8 %8.2 %
Interest expense, net(13.9) (10.7) (3.1) 30  
Other non-operating income (expenses), net(2.4) (3.2) 0.8  (25) 
Earnings before income taxes10.5  64.3  (53.8) (84) 
Provision for income taxes0.4  14.4  (14.0) (97) 
Effective tax rate3.8 %22.4 %
Net earnings$10.1  $49.9  $(39.8) (80) 
Basic earnings per share$0.09  $0.43  $(0.34) (79) 
Diluted earnings per share$0.09  $0.42  $(0.33) (79) 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
    Basic114.7  116.3  
    Diluted117.2  119.1  


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Revenues
The table below presents Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings data for the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, and the dollar and percentage changes between periods:

Three Months Ended 
 December 31,
Change
20192018$%
(In millions)
Recurring fee revenues$648.4  $603.9  $44.5   
Event-driven fee revenues31.0  48.1  (17.1) (36) 
Distribution revenues317.0  322.7  (5.7) (2) 
Foreign currency exchange(27.8) (21.4) (6.5) 30  
       Total$968.7  $953.4  $15.2   
Points of Growth
Net New BusinessInternal GrowthAcquisitionsTotal
Recurring fee revenue Growth Drivers4pts(3)pts6pts%

Revenues increased $15.2 million, or 2%, to $968.7 million from $953.4 million.
Recurring fee revenue growth was primarily driven by acquisitions that were not in the prior year period.
Event-driven fee revenues decreased $17.1 million primarily due to lower mutual fund proxy activity.
Distribution revenues decreased $5.7 million primarily due to the decrease in event-driven fee revenues.
The strengthening of the U.S. dollar against other currencies and the impact of the foreign currency translation from recent international acquisitions negatively impacted revenues by $6.5 million.
Total operating expenses. Operating expenses increased $66.7 million, or 8%, to $941.9 million from $875.2 million as a result of an increase in both cost of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses:
Cost of revenues - The increase of $46.9 million in cost of revenues primarily reflected charges associated with the IBM Private Cloud Agreement and higher operating costs from acquisitions.
Selling, general and administrative expenses - The increase of $19.8 million in selling, general, and administrative expenses primarily reflected impact of acquisitions and higher depreciation and amortization expense.
The strengthening of the U.S. dollar against other currencies and the impact of the foreign currency translation from recent international acquisitions positively impacted total operating expenses by $6.1 million.
Interest expense, net. Interest expense, net was $13.9 million, an increase of $3.1 million, from $10.7 million for the three months ended December 31, 2018. The increase of $3.1 million was due to an increase in interest expense from higher borrowings primarily related to acquisitions, partially offset by an increase in interest income.
Other non-operating income (expenses), net. Other non-operating expense, net for the three months ended December 31, 2019 was $2.4 million, compared to other non-operating expense, net of $3.2 million for the three months ended December 31, 2018. The decrease was primarily due to higher investment gains in the current period.
Provision for income taxes.
Effective tax rate for the three months ended December 31, 2019 - 3.8%
Effective tax rate for the three months ended December 31, 2018 - 22.4%
The decrease in the effective tax rate for the three months ended December 31, 2019 was primarily driven by the impact of discrete tax items relative to pre-tax income, including excess tax benefits of $2.2 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019 compared to $0.8 million for the three months ended December 31, 2018.
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Six Months Ended December 31, 2019 versus Six Months Ended December 31, 2018
The table below presents Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings data for the six months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, and the dollar and percentage changes between periods:


Six Months Ended 
 December 31,
Change
20192018$%
(in millions, except per share amounts)
Revenues$1,917.2  $1,926.2  $(9.0) —  
 Cost of revenues1,508.4  1,473.0  35.4   
 Selling, general and administrative expenses309.0  274.9  34.1  12  
Total operating expenses1,817.3  1,747.9  69.4   
Operating income99.9  178.3  (78.4) (44) 
Margin5.2 %9.3 %
Interest expense, net(27.0) (20.4) (6.6) 32  
Other non-operating income (expenses), net1.4  (4.4) 5.8  NM  
Earnings before income taxes74.3  153.6  (79.3) (52) 
Provision for income taxes8.3  27.0  (18.6) (69) 
Effective tax rate11.2 %17.6 %
Net earnings$66.0  $126.6  $(60.7) (48) 
Basic earnings per share$0.58  $1.09  $(0.51) (47) 
Diluted earnings per share$0.56  $1.06  $(0.50) (47) 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic114.5  116.3  
Diluted117.1  119.4  
NM - Not meaningful
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Revenues
The table below presents Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings data for the six months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, and the dollar and percentage changes between periods:

Six Months Ended 
 December 31,
Change
20192018$%
(In millions)
Recurring fee revenues$1,271.6  $1,179.5  $92.1   
Event-driven fee revenues71.1  125.1  (53.9) (43) 
Distribution revenues630.3  663.7  (33.4) (5) 
Foreign currency exchange(55.8) (42.0) (13.8) 33  
Total$1,917.2  $1,926.2  $(9.0) —  
Points of Growth
Net New BusinessInternal GrowthAcquisitionsTotal
Recurring fee revenue Growth Drivers4pts(2)pts6pts%

Revenues decreased $9.0 million to $1,917.2 million from $1,926.2 million.
Recurring fee revenue growth from acquisitions was primarily due to the acquisition of RPM Technologies, which includes software license sales.
Event-driven fee revenues decreased $53.9 million primarily due to lower mutual fund proxy activity.
Distribution revenues decreased $33.4 million primarily due to the decrease in event-driven fee revenues.
The strengthening of the U.S. dollar against other currencies and the impact of the foreign currency translation from recent international acquisitions negatively impacted revenues by $13.8 million.
Total operating expenses. Operating expenses increased $69.4 million, or 4%, to $1,817.3 million from $1,747.9 million as a result of an increase in both cost of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses:
Cost of revenues - The increase of $35.4 million in cost of revenues primarily reflected higher operating costs from acquisitions and charges associated with the IBM Private Cloud Agreement, partially offset by lower distribution expenses.
Selling, general and administrative expenses - The increase of $34.1 million in selling, general, and administrative expenses primarily reflected impact of acquisitions and higher depreciation and amortization expense.
The strengthening of the U.S. dollar against other currencies and the impact of the foreign currency translation from recent international acquisitions positively impacted total operating expenses by $11.9 million.
Interest expense, net. Interest expense, net was $27.0 million, an increase of $6.6 million, from $20.4 million for the six months ended December 31, 2018. The increase of $6.6 million was due to an increase in interest expense from higher borrowings primarily related to acquisitions, partially offset by an increase in interest income.
Other non-operating income (expenses), net. Other non-operating income, net for the six months ended December 31, 2019 was $1.4 million, compared to other non-operating expense, net of $4.4 million for the six months ended December 31, 2018. The increased income was primarily due to higher investment gains in the current period.
Provision for income taxes.
Effective tax rate for the six months ended December 31, 2019 - 11.2%
Effective tax rate for the six months ended December 31, 2018 - 17.6%
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The decrease in the effective tax rate for the six months ended December 31, 2019 was primarily driven by the impact of discrete tax items relative to pre-tax income, including excess tax benefits of $7.9 million for the six months ended December 31, 2019 and $7.9 million for the six months ended December 31, 2018.
Analysis of Reportable Segments
Broadridge has two reportable segments: (1) Investor Communication Solutions and (2) Global Technology and Operations.
The primary component of “Other” are certain gains, losses, corporate overhead expenses and non-operating expenses that have not been allocated to the reportable segments, such as interest expense. Foreign currency exchange is a reconciling item between the actual foreign currency exchange rates and the constant foreign currency exchange rates used for internal management reporting.
Certain corporate expenses, as well as certain centrally managed expenses, are allocated based upon budgeted amounts in a reasonable manner. Because the Company compensates the management of its various businesses on, among other factors, segment profit, the Company may elect to record certain segment-related operating and non-operating expense items in Other rather than reflect such items in segment profit.
In connection with an organizational change made in the first quarter of fiscal year 2020, in order to further align our portfolio of services, the results for the Company's wealth management Advisor Solutions services that were previously reported in our Investor Communication Solutions reportable segment are now reported within the Global Technology and Operations reportable segment. As a result, our prior period segment results for the three and six months ended December 31, 2018 have been revised to reflect this change, which resulted in transferring $10.4 million of revenues and $0.3 million of earnings before income taxes between reportable segments and $21.1 million of revenues and $0.4 million of earnings before income taxes between reportable segments, respectively.
Revenues
Three Months Ended 
 December 31,
Six Months Ended 
 December 31,
ChangeChange
20192018$%20192018$%
(In millions)
Investor Communication Solutions$715.6  $727.8  $(12.2) (2) $1,418.2  $1,482.8  $(64.6) (4) 
Global Technology and Operations280.9  247.0  33.9  14  554.8  485.4  69.4  14  
Foreign currency exchange(27.8) (21.4) (6.5) 30  (55.8) (42.0) (13.8) 33  
       Total$968.7  $953.4  $15.2   $1,917.2  $1,926.2  $(9.0) —  

Earnings Before Income Taxes
Three Months Ended 
 December 31,
Six Months Ended 
 December 31,
ChangeChange
20192018$%20192018$%
(In millions)
Investor Communication Solutions$22.1  $36.8  $(14.7) (40) $45.1  $95.6  $(50.5) (53) 
Global Technology and Operations49.0  47.5  1.5   105.5  94.1  11.4  12  
Other(68.1) (27.9) (40.3) 144  (89.3) (51.0) (38.2) 75  
Foreign currency exchange7.5  7.9  (0.4) (5) 13.0  15.0  (1.9) (13) 
       Total$10.5  $64.3  $(53.8) (84) $74.3  $153.6  $(79.3) (52) 

Investor Communication Solutions

Revenues for the three months ended December 31, 2019 decreased $12.2 million to $715.6 million from $727.8 million, and earnings before income taxes decreased $14.7 million to $22.1 million from $36.8 million.

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Revenues for the six months ended December 31, 2019 decreased $64.6 million to $1,418.2 million from $1,482.8 million, and earnings before income taxes decreased $50.5 million to $45.1 million from $95.6 million.
Three Months Ended 
 December 31,
Six Months Ended 
 December 31,
ChangeChange
20192018$%20192018$%
(In millions)
Revenues
Recurring fee revenues$367.5  $357.0  $10.6   $716.7  $694.0  $22.7   
Event-driven fee revenues31.0  48.1  (17.1) (36) 71.1  125.1  (53.9) (43) 
Distribution revenues317.0  322.7  (5.7) (2) 630.3  663.7  (33.4) (5) 
       Total$715.6  $727.8  $(12.2) (2) $1,418.2