Items 6, 7 and 8, Part II are the subject of a
Form 12b-25 and have not been included in this
report.SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 1996
Commission File Number: 2-93277-D
MEDIZONE INTERNATIONAL, INC. (originally Madison Funding, Inc.)
(Exact name of Registrant as stated in its corporate charter)
(State of incorporation) (I.R.S. Employer I.D. Number)
123 East 54th Street, #7B, New York, NY10022
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip code)
Registrant's telephone number: (212) 421-0303
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
The Registrant has (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13
or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months
(or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such
reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90
Yes X No
Disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is
contained herein, and will be contained in definitive proxy or information
statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any
amendment hereto. Yes No X
The aggregate market value of voting common stock held by non-affiliates of the
Registrant was $6,300,183 on March 7, 1997, based on the average bid and asked
prices of such stock as reported in the NASD OTC Bulletin Board and the "pink
sheets" of the National Daily Quotation Bureau.
According to information received from Registrant's transfer agent, as of March13, 1997, Registrant had 130,051,613 shares outstanding (of which 51,299,323
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE: None
SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION: The Registrant intends to furnish its shareholders
with an annual report for 1996 and a proxy statement subsequent to the filing of
Item 1. Business
Medizone International, Inc., a Nevada corporation (the "Company" or the
"Registrant") organized in 1986, is a development stage company whose objective
is to (i) gain regulatory approval for its drug, a precise mixture of ozone and
oxygen called MEDIZ0NE(R), and its process of inactivating lipid enveloped
viruses for the intended purpose of decontaminating blood and blood products and
assisting in the treatment of certain diseases; and (ii) develop the related
technology and equipment for the medical application of its products, including
its drug production and delivery system (the "Medizone Technology"). The Company
also intends to develop a dedicated cost-effective, product-specific, disposable
hollow fiber cartridge device in order to utilize its patented thin film
technology. MEDIZ0NE(R) is one of two registered trademarks of the Company.
Throughout this report, whether or not the trademark symbol is used, the phrase
"Medizone (the drug)" is intended to have the same effect as if the trademark
symbol had been used.
Medizone (the drug) is intended to be used as a therapeutic drug in humans
to inactivate certain viruses, and thereby afford a treatment for certain
virally-based diseases (including Human Immunodeficiency Virus ["HIV"], the AIDS
related virus, Hepatitis B, Epstein-Barr, herpes, and cytomegalovirus), and to
decontaminate blood and blood products, applications which are covered under the
Company's patent (Patent No. 4,632,980). The Medizone Technology was developed
for the production of Medizone (the drug), and has led to the design of
equipment for which a patent has been issued in the United States (Patent No.
5,052,382). The Company has obtained patents based on each of these patents in
various foreign countries. See "Patents".
The proprietary scope of the Company is covered under a United States
process patent (U.S. Patent No. 4,632,980) entitled, "Ozone Decontamination of
Blood and Blood Products" (the "Patent") and a related United States equipment
patent (U.S. Patent No. 5,052,382) entitled "Approaches for the Control
Generation and Administration of Ozone" (the "Equipment Patent").
The Patent, which covers a procedure for ozone decontamination of blood and
blood products through the treatment of blood and blood components, is the
Company's principal asset, and was purchased, together with rights to other
ozone-related inventions, from Immunologics Limited Partnership, L.P. ("ILP") in
1987, for an aggregate of 6,000,000 shares of the Company's common stock (the
"Patent Purchase Agreement"). John M. Kells, the general partner of ILP, was
Chairman of the Company's Board of Directors from
November 1992 through September 1993.
The Patent Purchase Agreement requires the Company to pay to ILP an annual
royalty equal to 3% of the net receipts (i.e., net receipts after all credits,
returns and customary deductions, and exclusive of all taxes) received by the
Company in connection with the sale of any product, device or apparatus
embodying the Patent. The method covered by the Patent is the principal use of
ozone under study by the Company and is the method incorporated in its
regulatory applications. (See "Governmental Regulation" below.) In June 1990,
pursuant to the Company's request for re-examination of the Patent, the U.S.
Patent Office issued a re-examination certificate, confirming the patentability
of the claims covered by the Patent. The Company's United States patent
protection for the Patent will expire in 2003, subject to extension based upon
the length of time required to bring the Patent to commercial fruition. The
Company has been granted patents (based on the Patent) in Canada and the
European Patent Community, Australia, Malaysia, Hong Kong and Japan, with
applications pending in Taiwan and Singapore. The foreign patents began to be
issued in 1990 and will expire 17 years after their respective dates of
The Equipment Patent, which covers apparatus for the controlled generation,
monitoring and dosage of a precise admixture of ozone and oxygen (Medizone, the
drug), was developed by a consultant engineer to the Company and issued and
assigned to the Company in 1991. The Equipment Patent was developed to provide
the physical means to deploy the Patent. The foreign patent coverage of the
Equipment Patent parallels the coverage of the Patent.
In late 1996, the Company became aware that a United States patent had been
issued to a Canadian corporation which it believes infringes on the Patent. The
Company has consulted its patent counsel and intends to take the appropriate
steps to protect its rights with respect to the Patent.
Research and DevelopmentThe Company does not maintain laboratories or other clinical research or
testing facilities, but has sponsored a number of research projects to determine
the safety and efficacy of using ozone in various medical applications. The
research and development activities have been directed by the Company's
Scientific Advisory Board (see "Employees and Consultants"). The Company has
both sponsored and been the beneficiary of research to determine, among other
things, (i) whether the use of ozone, either alone or with other modalities, is
efficacious in the treatment of certain diseases and (ii) to establish
additional scientific evidence that ozone, through the use of the patents and/or
applications of scientific methodologies of a similar nature can decontaminate
blood of lipid enveloped viruses and thereby significantly diminish the degree
of transfusion related disease.
The data generated by this research has provided the seed or pilot data
which forms the basis for a number of grant applications which, if successfully
awarded, may provide additional data beneficial to the Company's progress. The
ability of (i) the Company to continue to itself supply funding for research
initiatives and (ii) independent investigators interested in the Company's
science to obtain funding through grant awards are and will be major factors in
the ability of the Company to obtain sufficient scientific evidence in support
of the Company's proprietary technology. The inability to obtain such grants, or
of the Company to itself fund additional research, would have a materially
adverse effect on the Company.
Research projects sponsored by the Company to date include: (1) continuing
studies to test ozone's ability to inactivate HIV, conducted at the State
University of New York ("SUNY") Health Science Center at Syracuse; (2) a pilot
animal study of the potential toxicity of ozone, conducted by the Arnold & Marie
Schwartz College of Pharmacy and Health Science at Long Island University; (3)
studies investigating the effects of ozone/oxygen admixtures on human peripheral
blood, including whole blood, serum and plasma, conducted by the Blood Bank of
Mt. Sinai Medical Center, New York City; (4) preliminary animal studies of the
potential efficacy of ozone in the healing of burns, conducted at New York's
Mount Sinai Hospital; and (5) a pilot animal study of the relative toxicity of
ozone versus its ability to inactivate the Feline Immunodeficiency Virus ("FIV")
at Cornell University Feline Health Center at Ithaca, New York (the "FIV Pilot
Study"). The last two of these research initiatives were suspended prior to
conclusion because of insufficient funds.
In 1990, the Canadian Blood Forces Program (under the aegis of the Canadian
Department of Defense and Agriculture and the Canadian Red Cross) requested that
the Company add the Medizone Technology to the other proprietary technology
being investigated as an experimental arm of an ozone-based blood sterilization
investigative program, in an effort to develop an effective technology for
sterilizing whole blood and blood products. With funding from the Canadian Blood
Forces Program, the Company made available the equipment necessary to conduct
the first three phases of this study investigating the ability of the Medizone
Technology to inactivate Simian Immunodeficiency Virus ("SIV"), including a live
primate (monkey) model. This research project (the "SIV Study") is under the
direction of a collaborative team of scientists representing the Canadian Red
Cross, Canadian Departments of Defense and Agriculture, Cornell University
Veterinarian Medical College and MCL Medizone Canada Ltd., the wholly owned
subsidiary of the Company's majority owned subsidiary, Medizone Canada Limited.
In October 1991, a peer-reviewed article entitled "Inactivation of Human
Immunodeficiency Virus Type I by Ozone in Vitro", was published in Blood: The
Journal of the American Society of Hematology, (Vol 78, No. 7 at 1882-1890,
October 1, 1991). The article described the use of the Medizone Technology to
inactivate HIV in Factor VIII, a blood product used to treat hemophiliacs.
In June 1993, the Company issued a press release announcing the completion
of the first two stages of the SIV Study, which demonstrated preliminary
scientific evidence supporting the use of the Medizone Technology in a live
primate model, further evidencing the scientific rationale toward achieving
approval for human trials. (See "Governmental Regulation" below.)
In May 1994, the Canadian Blood Forces Program finalized funding of the
third stage of the SIV Study, which was to be conducted at the New York State
College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York to further
investigate, inter alia, the Company's patented technology as a decontamination
process in red blood cells through both in vitro experimentation and in vivo
animal modeling. The Canadian Department of Defense (the "DND"), the funding arm
of the Canadian Blood Forces Program (the "CBFP"), unbeknownst to the Company,
discontinued its funding during the third stage of the SIV Study. In May 1996,
the Company learned that Cornell University had entered into a contract with a
Canadian corporation to complete the third stage of the SIV Study in a generic
framework, i.e., not utilizing any proprietary technology. At that time, the
Company initially requested formal final reports for phases one and two of the
SIV Study and a progress report for phase three of the SIV Study and, together
with Commodore (Ret.) Michael E. Shannon, former Deputy Surgeon General,
Department of Defense, Canadian Blood Forces Program, have continued such
requests during 1996 and the first quarter of 1997. The Company has been orally
advised by a representative of the CBFP that it may expect to receive the
information concerning the results of the SIV Study during the second quarter of
A tangential veterinarian aspect of the Canadian research resulted in the
article entitled "Bacteriocidal Effects of Ozone at Nonspermicidal
Concentrations", written by members of the SIV Study team, being accepted for
publication by the Canadian Journal of Veterinarian Research (1995; Vol. 159,
pp. 183-186). The results included in this publication provide further insight
in the ability to simultaneously exploit ozone's bacteriocidal properties while
maintaining cellular integrity and function.
Although certain of the HIV and non-toxicity studies undertaken by the
Company have been concluded, the Company determined that further research was
required to confirm the efficacy and safety of using ozone to inactivate the HIV
virus. As noted above, insufficient funds resulted in the suspension of the
study concerning the use of ozone to heal burns and the FIV Pilot Study prior to
their conclusion. To date, results from the blood studies provide preliminary
evidence supporting the potential use of ozone, when specifically employed as
delineated in the Company's Patent, as a safe and efficacious method to
inactivate viruses in human blood and blood products.
In February 1994, the Company acted as a pharmaceutical cosponsor in a
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute grant application submitted by The
Brooklyn Hospital Center. The proposal was entitled "Inactivation of Viruses in
Blood Components by Ozone" and was being co-investigated by both the State
University of New York at Syracuse and Cornell University Medical Veterinarian
College. This application was not awarded funding in January 1995, for reasons
not having to do with scientific matters. The proposal has been resubmitted and
is pending review.
In late 1992, the Italian Ministry of Health suspended the clinical use of
ozone until such time as sufficient scientific evidence was available to support
its use as a human therapeutic treatment. In this regard, the Italian Ministry
of Health designated the Italian Scientific Society for Ozone-Oxygen Therapy in
Bergano, Italy ("ISSOT") as the agency to select those treatment protocols
utilizing ozone as worthy of investigation and to provide those protocols to the
Italian Ministry of Health for review and approval. By letter agreement dated
March 23, 1993, with ISSOT, the Company entered into a collaborative arrangement
to research and examine the efficacy of the Medizone Technology in the treatment
of various blood-related human diseases. The research is being supervised by
ISSOT in Italy, under the direction of a research group assembled by the Italian
Ministry of Health. The Company's president was invited to join and has
participated in this research initiative. The research is to be conducted in
accordance with the protocols approved by the United States Food and Drug
Administration (the "FDA") for human clinical trials (to be furnished by the
Company), at five university-based hospitals. The ISSOT letter agreement
required the Company to furnish five ozone-generating machines for use in the
trials, which the Company delivered in late 1993, after it had the equipment
manufactured by Camped USA of Bryn Mahr, Pennsylvania. There can be no assurance
that any of the data generated from the ISSOT research will be permitted to be
utilized in connection with the Company's applications to the FDA (see
On May 16, 1994, the Company announced that human trials were to commence
at the University of Naples ("Naples") on May 30, 1994 to study the effects of
MEDIZONE(R) on patients infected with either HIV or Hepatitis B (chronic
active). The two protocols, either for HIV or Hepatitis B patients, were
designed by the Company as classical Phase I trials of the Patent and the
Equipment Patent to determine, in a dose-ranging study, the relative toxicity of
this treatment against surrogate markers of efficacy. The Company was advised in
April 1986 that the HIV protocol had been completed and that patients were being
enrolled for the Hepatitis B protocol. The Company has announced that no interim
data will be available until a particular site has completed its respective
trials, said trials being estimated to be approximately one year in duration. To
date, the University of Naples remains the only site that has commenced these
trials, with other university-based hospitals still awaiting approval by their
Italian university authorities on a site by site basis. During the sumer of
1996, the Company was advised that Naples would not enroll new patients for the
Hepatitis B protocol until trials were commenced at another site, although the
trials would continue on those patients already enrolled in the protocols.
During the last quarter of 1995, the Company was advised by San Raffaele
Hospital of the University of Milan ("Milan") and the Regional Oncology Center
and AIDS Treatment Center at Avianno ("Avianno") that their respective ethics
committee or investigational review board, as the case may be, had approved the
commencement of HIV trials (in the case of Milan) and Hepatitis B trials (in the
case of Avianno), subject to the receipt of specific affirmative approvals for
these tests from the Italian Ministry of Health.
On May 8, 1996, the Italina Ministry of Health issued its approvals, which
were thereafter communicated to the Company. ISSOT will supervise these Phase I
clinical trials which were designed by the Company as classical Phase I trials
of its patents (both of Medizone, the drug, and the Company's technology) to
determine, in a dose-ranging study, the relative toxicity of this treatment
against surrogate markers of efficacy. Each of these trials is designed to take
approximately one year to complete, although there can be no assurance that such
time-frame will be adhered to once the trials commence.
By the terms of the Company's letter agreement with ISSOT, dated March 23,1993, the Company is required to pay for laboratory tests performed by each
testing institution that are outside the scope of the normal realm of clinical
analyses performed by the testing institutions. The Company has agreed with
Milan and Aviano, respectively, that the costs of these assays will be
approximately U.S. $150,000 for Milan and U.S. $180,000 for Aviano. The Company
is required to commit to each of these respective fundings prior to the
commencement of trials at the particular site. The Company is presently without
the financial wherewithal to enter into such binding commitments with each
institution to provide such funding. Accordingly, neither trial has commenced
and neither will commence until such commitment is made by the Company. The
Company is also required to provide each institution with ozone generating,
monitoring and delivery devices for use in the trials.
On October 17, 1996, the Company executed an agreement with Multiossigen,
S.r.L., an Italian corporation located in Bergamo, Italy (the "Manufacturer"),
dated as of September 13, 1996 (the "Equipment Contract"), providing for the
manufacture of ozone generating devices to be used in the human trials to be
commenced pursuant to the Company's letter agreement with the ISSOT, as trials
are approved by the Italian Ministry of Health.
Pursuant to the Equipment Contract, the Manufacturer has produced a working
prototype of ozone generating devices dedicated to the use of hollow fibers or
similar gas exchange technology covered under the Company's patents,
satisfactory to the Company (the "Equipment"), and will make all data generated
from the use of the Equipment available to the Company. The Equipment Contract
calls for the Manufacturer to manufacture twenty pieces of the Equipment at a
purchase price of $9,000 per unit, for an aggregate of $180,000, payable as
(a) $25,000, paid upon approval of the prototype;
(b) $55,000, payable in fifteen installments of $3,667 with
five such installments ($18,335) being paid on each
delivery of five units of the Equipment; and
(c) one million shares of the Company's common stock, bearing a
restrictive legend, 500,000 shares of which were issued on the
date the Equipment Agreement was executed with the remaining
500,000 shares issued on March 16, 1997.
Pursuant to the Equipment Agreement, the Company granted to the
Manufacturer a license to use the Company's patents in Europe, subject to the
regulations of all documents necessary to protect the Company's rights in and to
the patents, and appointed the Manufacturer as the Company's exclusive
manufacturer and distributor of the Equipment in Europe. Notwithstanding the
forgoing, the present distribution of the Equipment shall be limited to Italy,
but such distribution will be expanded to the rest of Europe upon the mutual
agreement of the parties.
The Equipment Agreement (together with its grants of license and
distribution described above) will terminate on September 13, 1998 and may be
renewed by mutual agreement of the partners at least thirty days prior to the
end of its term.
The initial five units of the Equipment were delivered to Aviano, on or
about November 15, 1996. Thereafter, units of Equipment shall be delivered in
lots of five units and shall be deliverable to the appropriate hospital site
within 60 days of the written request by the Company, based upon such hospital's
ethics committee granting approval to committee trials at a particular site.
Since its organization, the Company has attributed $_________ as
expenditures for research and development, including $________ in 1996.
MEDIZONE(R), the Medizone Technology and any related products derived
therefrom are regulated under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act and the
regulations promulgated thereunder (the "FDC Act"). The FDA exercises broad and
extensive authority in regulating the development, production, importation,
distribution and promotion of "new drug" products and "investigational devices"
pursuant to the FDC Act. Health and Welfare Canada ("HWC") similarly regulates
the introduction of new drugs in Canada, as do similar agencies in other
Because ozone-generation for the purposes of interfacing with blood and
blood products is regarded as a new drug delivery system, the Company is
precluded from selling or distributing Medizone (the drug) or the Medizone
Technology until after FDA approval has been granted. In order to obtain FDA
approval, the Company will be required to submit a New Drug Application ("NDA")
for review by the FDA and provide medical and scientific evidence sufficient to
demonstrate that MEDIZONE(R) and the Medizone Technology has been successfully
used in well-controlled clinical studies using human volunteer subjects. The FDA
will not grant an NDA unless it contains sufficient medical evidence and data to
permit a body of qualified and experienced scientists to conclude that the new
drug product is safe and effective for its recommended and proposed medical
In order to initiate the first phase (i.e., Phase I) of human clinical
studies required as part of an NDA, an applicant must submit to the FDA an
application for an Investigational New Drug Exemption ("IND"), which contains
adequate information to satisfy the FDA that human clinical studies can be
conducted without exposing the volunteer human subjects to an unreasonable risk
of illness or injury. The Company submitted an IND application (assigned to the
Registrant by its former president) to the FDA on October 6, 1985, and requested
FDA approval to commence human clinical trials using ozone-oxygen to inactivate
HIV. The FDA deemed the IND application to be incomplete, and has requested that
the Company complete additional research regarding animal toxicity and other
studies, which will require the expenditure of significant funds before the
Company's IND application will be deemed complete. There can be no assurance
that the Company's IND application will be granted. Until an NDA has been
granted to the Company, it may not distribute ozone-generating devices, except
to researchers who agree to follow FDA guidelines, and provided the devices are
labeled as "Investigational Devices."The Company's ability to commercially market products is dependent on
obtaining FDA approval. The Company believes (based upon a chart prepared by the
FDA which appeared in FDA Consumer in January 1988) that the average time for
approval of an IND is eighteen months from the beginning of animal testing; that
a new drug undergoes clinical testing (Phase 1-3 trials) for an average period
of five years; and that the average period of time required for the FDA to
approve an NDA after submission is two years. While, there is wide variation
among particular cases and applications, it appears that even if FDA approval
was obtained, the process will encompass several years. In addition, the Company
believes that research costs incident to obtaining FDA approval will be
significant and will require the Company to obtain additional infusions of
Medizone Canada Limited
In order to maximize both research opportunities and the potential market
for its products, the Company intends to establish subsidiary or affiliated
corporations in other countries. The organization of such subsidiaries may
initially require the Company to incur significant expenses; thereafter, it is
intended that the subsidiaries would be responsible for organizing research
programs and/or generating possible sources of financing, from which the Company
would benefit directly or indirectly. It is anticipated that the Company would
also enter into license agreements with all subsidiary companies.
Registrant owns approximately two-thirds of the equity of Medizone Canada
Limited, a publicly-owned Utah corporation ("MCL"), which is engaged in the same
business as the Registrant in Canada through its wholly-owned subsidiary, MCL
Medizone Canada Ltd. ("MedCan") As described above under "Research andDevelopment", MedCan is a participant in the Canadian Blood Forces Program's SIV
Four million redeemable common stock purchase warrants, each exercisable to
purchase one share of the common stock of MCL for $.125, are publicly-held. The
MCL warrants originally had a nine month exercise period, but the expiration
date has been extended numerous times (and is currently December 31, 1997).
While MCL has indicated to Registrant that it is prepared to provide a portion
of the funds necessary to conduct the additional research necessary for the
Company to obtain regulatory approval, there is no assurance that the MCL
warrants will ever be exercised (an event dependent upon achievement of
effectiveness of a post-effective amendment to MCL's registration statement) or
that MCL would otherwise be funded.
Medizone New Zealand Limited
On June 22, 1995, the Company entered into a series of contracts
(collectively the "Transaction Documents") which resulted in the formation of a
joint venture subsidiary incorporated in New Zealand, Medizone New Zealand
Limited ("MNZ"). MNZ, a privately held corporation equally owned by the Company
and Solwin Investments Limited ("Solwin"), a New Zealand corporation which is an
affiliate of Richard G. Solomon ("Solomon"), who became a director of the
Company on January 16, 1996, but later resigned on February 27, 1997, was
organized on June 22, 1995 and is a research and development stage company whose
objective is to obtain regulatory approval for the distribution of the Company's
patented technology in New Zealand, Australia, South East Asia and the South
Pursuant to the Transaction Documents, the Company purchased one hundred
percent of MNZ from Solomon, who had caused the formation of MNZ on June 22,1995. Contemporaneously with this transaction, the Company sold fifty percent of
MNZ to Solwin, a corporation owned by Solomon, for U.S. $150,000, of which
which was repaid on October 26, 1995. On October 26, 1995, the Company loaned
MNZ $50,000 on a demand basis, which has not been repaid as of the date of this
report. The Directors of MNZ are Solomon and Dr. Joseph L. Latino, the Company's
President and Chief Executive Officer.
Contemporaneous with the creation of the above share structure, the Company
and MNZ entered into a Licensing Agreement (the "Licensing Agreement") and a
Managing Agent Agreement (the "Managing Agent Agreement") with MNZ.
Pursuant to the Licensing Agreement, the Company granted an exclusive
license to MNZ for its process and equipment patents and trademark in New
Zealand. MNZ has agreed to apply for corresponding patent protection for these
patents in New Zealand and to use its best effort to exploit the rights granted
in the agreement. The License Agreement shall terminate on the date of the
expiration of the last to expire of any patent obtained in New Zealand, or, if
no such patents are obtained, on June 22, 2010. The Company is to receive a
guaranteed minimum royalty (the "Guaranteed Minimum Royalty"), in an amount to
be agreed to by the Company and MNZ, commencing in the third year after all
necessary regulatory approvals requisite to the license, use or distribution of
the Company's proprietary technology have been obtained in New Zealand. If the
Company and MNZ are unable to agree upon the amount of the Guaranteed Minimum
Royalty, the Company may terminate the license on thirty days' notice.
Commencing on the first sale to a user by MNZ, the Company shall receive a sales
royalty in an amount equal to ten percent of MNZ's gross annual sales under the
Pursuant to the Managing Agent Agreement, MNZ will act as the Company's
agent in the finding of other licensees of the Company's patents and trademark
in the following countries: Australia (including Australia and New Zealand), the
South Pacific Islands and South East Asia (including the Philippines, Indonesia
and Vietnam). Licensing fees obtained as a result of the Managing Agent
Agreement shall be divided between the Company and MNZ on a sliding scale as set
The Company MNZ
Initial license 50% 50%
fees up to $500,000 50% 50%
fees between $500,000
and $750,000 75% 25%
fees in excess of
$750,000 85% 15%
MNZ and the Company will also divide any net royalties paid to the Company
pursuant to any license obtained pursuant to the Managing Agent Agreement, with
MNZ being paid 10% of the net royalties and the Company receiving 90% of the net
The Managing Agent Agreement shall expire on the termination or
expiration of the last of the licenses obtained pursuant thereto, subject to
earlier termination by the Company upon an occurrence of certain events.
The area in which the Company seeks to do business is extremely
competitive. The Company is aware of a number of domestic companies that have
commenced research into the use of ozone as a virucide in the treatment of HIV
and other diseases, or have announced the intention to do so. Other companies,
foundations, research laboratories or institutions may also be conducting
similar investigations into the use of ozone as a virucide or as a decontaminant
for blood or blood products. The Company is also aware that another company has
provided ozonegenerating equipment to departments of the Canadian government
conducting studies in Canada for the purposes of comparison of technologies. In
addition, as reported in scientific journals and newspapers, there are many
commercial, not-for-profit and governmental agencies investigating possible
treatments for HIV and other viral diseases, as well as a variety of
methodologies aimed toward blood fractionate decontamination.
Employees and ConsultantsThe Company has three employees, its President, its Vice President/Chief
Financial Officer and an executive assistant.
The Company has established a Scientific Advisory Board which suggests and
formulates avenues of research and reviews research in progress. The Scientific
Advisory Board is currently comprised of two members, Joseph S. Latino, Ph.D.,
the Company's President and Chief Executive Officer and Bernard J. Poiesz, M.D.,
Head, Regional Oncology Center, S.U.N.Y. at Syracuse, Syracuse, New York. The
Scientific Advisory Board met three times in 1996. Dr. Poiesz is not compensated
by the Company for his services on the Company's Scientific Advisory Board,
although he does apply for research grants in connection with the Company's
research and development efforts. Dr. Poiesz has been a member of the Scientific
Advisory Board since 1987. From 1989 to 1995, Fred Quimby, D.V.M., Ph.D.,
Chairman, Animal Research Institute, New York State School of Veterinarian
Medicine, Cornell University, was a member of the Scientific Advisory Board, but
resigned when he became the sole principal investigator for the SIV Study being
which auspices of the Canadian Blood Forces Program. See "Research andDevelopment".
The Company retains CTC, Inc. ("CTC"), of Cincinnati, Ohio, to act as the
Company's liaison with the brokerage community. The agreement is for a period of
one year, but may be extended by the parties for additional one year periods.
CTC receives a monthly payment of $2000. As additional compensation in 1996, it
received 250,000 shares of the Company's common stock, restricted under the
federal securities laws.
The Company presently has no product liability insurance, since none of its
products are in clinical use. The Italian Ministry of Health, through ISSOT, has
provided product liability insurance to the Company for the Italian trials in
the aggregate amount of approximately $600,000. The Company pays annual premiums
of approximately $64,000 for a $1,000,000 policy of officers and directors
Item 2. Properties.
Registrant leases from an unaffiliated party approximately 900 square feet
of office space at 123 East 54th Street, Suite 7B, New York, NY10022, under a
two-year lease expiring on February 28, 1998, at an annual rental of $20,940.
The office space is used for executive offices and administrative purposes.
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
In November 1992, the Company consented to the entry of a final judgment of
permanent injunction (S.E.C. v. Medizone International, Inc., Civil Action
93-2761, D.D.C.), pursuant to which the Company was permanently enjoined from
failing to timely file the reports required to be filed pursuant to the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders.
No matters were submitted to a vote of securities holders during the fourth
quarter of the fiscal year ending December 31, 1996.
Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity and Related
Prices/Trading Market Information
The Company's shares are traded in the over-the-counter market, with price
quotes listed on the NASD Electronic Bulletin Board under the trading symbol
"MZEI," and in the "pink sheets" published by the National Quotation Bureau.
On March 7, 1997, according to the NQB Non-NASDQ Price Report furnished by
the National Quotation Bureau, there were approximately 18 marketmakers in the
Company's shares, with a high bid for the shares of $.0825 and a low bid of
$.082. Such prices reflect interdealer prices without retail markup, markdown or
commission; are not necessarily representative of actual transactions, or of the
value of the Company's securities; and are, in all likelihood, not based upon
any recognized criteria of securities valuation as used in the investment
Shown below is information obtained from the National Quotation Bureau,
indicating the high bid and low bid prices for a share of the Company's common
stock at the end of each of the four calendar quarters of fiscal 1995 and 1996,
representing prices between dealers which do not include retail markup, markdown
or commission. They do not reflect actual transactions.
Calendar Period High Low
--------------- ---- ---
1995 First Quarter .20 .0625
Second Quarter .17 .0625
Third Quarter .17 .05
Fourth Quarter .18 .015
1996 First Quarter .10 .075
Second Quarter .17 .11
Third Quarter .15 .10
Fourth Quarter .125 .075
Number of Holders
On March 13, 1997, according to the Company's transfer agent, there were
3,907 holders of record of the Company's par value $.001 common stock.
The Company has never paid cash dividends on its common stock. Payment of
cash dividends is subject to the discretion of the Board of Directors and is
dependent upon various factors, including the Company's earnings, capital needs
and general financial condition. The Company does not believe that it has any
immediate prospect of earnings. However, the Company anticipates that in the
foreseeable future, it will follow a policy of retaining earnings, if any, in
order to finance research and development.
Private Sales of Shares
During 1996, the Company received stock subscription agreements for the
purchase of 5,311,850 shares of its common stock, together with proceeds
totalling $531,185 from sales of its securities to non-United States investors,
outside of the United States pursuant to Regulation S promulgated under the
Securities Act of 1933 (the "Securities Act"). Approximately $441,185 of these
proceeds were from the sale of the Company's common stock at a per share price
of $.10 (including $37,500 for 375,000 shares from Richard G. Solomon at the
time, a director of the Company). The remaining $90,000 were from the sale of
Units, each Unit consisting of one share of the Company's common stock, $.001
par value, and a Warrant to purchase two shares of the Company's common stock
for six months, at an exercise price of $.10 share. The Warrants will expire at
various times in May and June 1997. The Company also sold 100,000 shares of its
common stock, $.01 at a per share price of $.10 to a director pursuant to the
non-public offering exemption from registration under the Securities Act. In
November 1996, the Company issued 800,000 shares of its common stock as payment
of a $40,000 promissory note held by an unaffiliated party in the United States.
The Company relied on the non-public offering exemption of the Securities Act in
issuing these shares. In March 1996, the Company issued 50,000 shares of its
common stock to an employee and 250,000 shares of its common stock to its public
relations consultant as additional compensation. The Company also issued
1,000,000 shares of its common stock to Multiossigen, S.r.L., the manufacturer
of the equipment being utilized in the Italian trials.
During 1995, the Company received stock subscription agreements, together
with proceeds totalling $898,445 from sales of its common stock to non-United
States investors, outside of the United States, pursuant to Regulation S,
promulgated under the Securities Act.
During 1994, the Company received stock subscription agreements, together
with aggregate proceeds totalling $996,885, pursuant to a private placement of
its common stock in the United States, which concluded in August 1994, and from
sales of its common stock to foreign investors, outside of the United States,
pursuant to Regulation S promulgated under the Act.
Item 6. Selected Financial Data.
1996 1995 1994 1993 1992
---- ---- ---- ---- ----
Revenues $ -0- $ -0- $ -0- $ -0-
Net income (1,081,027) (1,126,315) (1,598,342) (649,941)
Net income (loss) (1,081,027) (1,126,315) (1,598,342) (649,941)
Net income (loss) (.01) (.01) (.02) (.01)
per common share
Weighted average 111,306,000 98,292,000 93,384,000 88,361,00
Balance Data (1,554,076)
Working capital (538,102) (576,101) (2,844,085) (1,554,076)
Total assets 124,653 87,230 81,705 257,216
Long-term -0- -0- -0- -0-
Accumulated (11,112,724 (10,103,503) (9,196,610) (7,598,268)
Stockholders' (432,880) (558,679) (2,825,458) (1,494,870)
Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results
Results of Operations
From its organization in January 1986, Registrant has been a development
stage company primarily engaged in retaining research consultants and sponsoring
research to investigate the medical uses of ozone. Registrant has not generated,
and cannot predict when or if it will generate, sufficient cash flow to fund its
continuing operations. Since its organization, Registrant has attributed
$_________ as expenditures for research and development, including $_______ in
Registrant has restated each of its quarterly reports for 1992 to account
properly for the proceeds from the Company's sale of a portion of its holding of
Medizone Canada Limited ("MCL") as equity transactions.
During the first quarter of 1992, Registrant sold 250,000 shares of MCL
common stock at per-share prices ranging from $.093 to $.10, and during the
third quarter of 1992, an additional 150,000 shares were sold through a broker.
Aggregate proceeds from the transactions were $24,555 (first quarter) and
$24,470 (third quarter), respectively.
Because the Company's investment in MCL was only $2, the $24,555 and
$24,470 was reported as a gain in the Company's statement of operations for each
respective period. In the restated reports, the transactions have been
characterized as equity transactions.
The restatements result in an increase in the first quarter loss in the
amount of $24,555, and an increase in the third quarter loss in the amount of
Additionally, the Company sold 100,000 shares of MCL common stock during
1991 through a broker for $5,000, at a per-share price of $.05. This transaction
was also restated in 1992, as an equity transaction, which results in an
increase in the 1991 loss of $5,000.
The restatements do not affect previously reported loss per share because
Years Ended December 31, 1996, and December 31, 1995.
There were no sales during either year. Sales commenced in May 1986 and,
except for incidental items, ceased in October 1987.
Expenditures for research and development, including work performed by
independent contractors was $___________ in 1996, as compared to $112,929 in
General and administrative expenses (increase) decreased by $________ in
1996 to $________________ as compared with $1,057,190 in 1995. These expenses
include professional fees, payroll, insurance costs and travel expenses.
Notes payable in 1996 of $______________ and 1995 of $147,815 have interest
accruing at rates averaging from 8% to 10%.
Years Ended December 31, 1995, and December 31, 1994
There were no sales during either year. Sales commenced in May 1986 and,
except for incidental items, ceased in October 1987.
Expenditures for research and development, including work performed by
independent contractors and laboratories, equalled $112,929 in 1995, compared to
$37,960 during 1994.
General and administrative expenses decreased by $23,096 in 1995 to
$1,057,190 from $1,070,286 in 1994. These expenses include professional fees,
payroll, insurance costs and travel expenses.
Notes payable in 1995 of $147,815 and $97,815 in 1994 have interest
accruing at rates ranging from 8% to 10%.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
At December 31, 1996, the Registrant had a working capital deficiency of
$_____________ and a stockholders' deficiency of $_________________.
At December 31, 1995, Registrant had a working capital deficiency of
$538,102 and a stockholders' deficiency of $432,880.
During 1987, excluding options exercised and shares issued for services,
Registrant sold an aggregate of 950,000 shares to unrelated individuals at
prices ranging from $.10 to $.25 for aggregate proceeds of $150,000 and borrowed
$150,000 which, in 1989, was exchanged for 1,500,000 shares.
During 1988, excluding options exercised and shares issued for services,
Registrant sold 1,000,000 shares to an unrelated individual at $.08 per share,
and borrowed an aggregate of $166,700 which, in 1989, was exchanged for
During 1989, excluding options exercised and other issuances not for cash,
Registrant sold an aggregate of 5,790,000 shares to unrelated individuals at
prices ranging from $.03-1/3 to $.10 per share, for aggregate proceeds of
During 1990, excluding issuances to settle outstanding obligations and for
services, Registrant sold an aggregate of 4,250,000 shares to unrelated
individuals at prices ranging from $.03 to $.05 per share for aggregate proceeds
During 1991, excluding options exercised and issuances for services,
Registrant sold an aggregate of 4,366,667 shares to unrelated individuals at
prices ranging from $.036 to $.20 per share, for aggregate proceeds of $310,000.
During 1992, excluding options exercised and issuance of shares for
services, Registrant sold an aggregate of 2,702,335 shares to unrelated
individuals at prices ranging from $.15 to $.20 per share for aggregate proceeds
During 1993, excluding issuance of shares for services, Registrant sold an
aggregate of 1,471,766 shares to unrelated individuals at prices ranging from
$.15 to $.20 per share for aggregate proceeds of $271,000.
During 1994, excluding issuance of shares for services, Registrant sold an
aggregate of 7,765,750 shares to unrelated individuals at $.10 per share for
aggregate proceeds of $776,575. (N.B. - numbers for 1994 - 1996 must tally with
Item 5. "Private Sale of Shares".)
During 1995, excluding issuance of shares for services, Registrant sold an
aggregate of 4,071,250 shares to unrelated individuals at $.10 per share for
aggregate proceeds of $407,125.
During 1996, excluding issuance of shares for services, Registrant sold an
aggregate of _____________ shares to unrelated individuals at $________________
per share for aggregate proceeds of $________________.
In connection with certain of the foregoing transactions, the Company has
paid or accrued finders' fees.
Registrant will continue to require additional funding to enable it to fund
research necessary to make the appropriate regulatory application and continue
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
The financial statements and supplementary data are listed under Item 14 in
this Annual Report and commence on page F-1.
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants
on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.
PART IIIItem 10. Directors and Executive Officers of Registrant.
Until November 1992, the Company's affairs were controlled by its then
Board of Directors, consisting of McGrath, Watrous, Wayne Chou and Peter W.
Melera ("Former Management"). On November 17, 1992, Former Management resigned,
after having elected John M. Kells, John Pealer and George Handel as Directors
("New Management"). McGrath and Watrous also resigned their positions as,
respectively, President and Chief Executive Officer, and Vice President, Chief
Financial Officer, Secretary and Treasurer. At that time, New Management
appointed Joseph S. Latino to be the Company's President and Chief Operating
Officer. In September 1993, upon the resignation from the Board of Directors of
John M. Kells, Dr. Latino was elected to the Board by the other directors. Dr.
Latino and Messrs. Pealer and Handel were elected directors at the Company's
1995 annual meeting in May 1995. Kenneth Gropper and Richard G. Solomon were
appointed to the Board of Directors by the Board in September 1995 and January
1996, respectively, pursuant to the amendment to the Company's By-laws, voted on
by the Company's shareholders at its 1995 annual meeting, which provided for an
increase in the size of the Board of Directors from three members to a maximum
of seven members, and for such appointments to be made by the Company's Board of
Messrs. Latino, Handel, Pealer, Gropper and Solomon will hold their
positions as Directors until the next annual meeting of the shareholders and
until their successors have been elected and have qualified.
The following table sets forth certain information concerning the
Registrant's directors and officers.
Name Age since since Positions with Registrant
---- --- -------- ------- -------------------------
Joseph S. Latino 39 1993 1992 President; Chief Executive
Officer and Director
Arthur P. Bergeron 46 1992 Vice President, Treasurer and
Chief Financial Officer
George Handel 69 1992 1993 Secretary and Director
John D. Pealer 77 1992 Director
Kenneth Gropper 54 1995 Director
Richard G. Solomon 54 1996 Director
Howard L. Feinsand 48 1996 Director
There are no family relationships among Registrant's officers and
Joseph S. Latino, Ph.D., was appointed President and Chief Operating
Officer of the Company in November 1992 and was elected to the Board of
Directors on September 21, 1993. He was named Chief Executive Officer of the
Company in January 1995. He holds the same positions with the Company's majority
owned subsidiary, MCL. His affiliation with the Company dates from 1986, when he
was named its Director of Research. Dr. Latino received a Bachelor of Science
degree in 1978 from Brooklyn College of the City University of New York in
Biology and Chemistry. He received his Doctor of Philosophy in Biochemistry in
1984 from the City University of New York. Dr. Latino became Director of Special
Hematology/Oncology Laboratory at The Brooklyn Hospital Center, Brooklyn, New
York in 1984, where he was employed until he went on sabbatical in December
1994. In 1994, Dr. Latino was designated as the Basic Science Research
Coordinator for The Brooklyn Hospital Center and was a member in
Investigational/Institutional Review Board of that institution. In 1986, Dr.
Latino became an Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Hematology at the
Health Science Center at Brooklyn, State University of New York, as well as Ad
Hoc Research Advisor for The Brooklyn Hospital Center. In 1987 he became a
Research Educator for the Hematology/Oncology Fellowship Program at the Brooklyn
Hospital Center. Dr. Latino currently devotes substantially his full time to the
operations of the Company.
George Handel became a director of the Company in November 1992 and has
served as the Company's Secretary, without compensation, since November 24,1993. He holds the same positions with MCL. Mr. Handel, who attended Temple
University, is President of Hantex Mills, a dry goods firm established in 1975,
and vice-president of Handel & Co., a wholesale dry goods firm established in
John D. Pealer became a director of the Company in November 1992. He is
also a director of MCL. Mr. Pealer has been the President and Chief Executive
Officer of Pealer's Inc., a family-owned corporation engaged in the business of
real estate development since 1949.
Kenneth Gropper became a director of the Company in September 1995. Mr.
Gropper is the President and Chief Executive Officer of Management Consulting
Group, Inc. of Woburn, Massachusetts, which serves as a consultant to physician
group practices, medical centers, pharmaceutical companies and medical device
manufacturers on regulatory, legislative, administrative, sales, marketing and
other management issues. Mr. Gropper joined Management Consulting Group, Inc. in
1977. Mr. Gropper was a member of the Board of Trustees of the Massachusetts Eye
and Ear Infirmary from 1989 to 1994. Mr. Gropper received a Bachelor of Arts
degree in Biology from Long Island University in 1964 and a Masters' Degree in
Business Administration from Columbia University in 1966.
Richard G. Solomon became a director of the Company in January 1996. He is
also a director of MNZ and the owner of Solwin Investments Limited, the 50%
owners of MNZ. Mr. Solomon is a New Zealand citizen and lives in Auckland, New
Zealand. He co-founded Havencare Hospitals, a three-hospital elder care facility
in 1978 and occupied an executive position with that entity until 1996. Mr.
Solomon was President of the New Zealand Private Hospitals Association from 1989
to 1993 and founded the New Zealand Council Health Care Standards, on whose
council he sat until 1995. Prior to entering the health care industry, Mr.
Solomon administered the New Zealand subsidiary of a British merchant bank and
its investment, finance and development activities in New Zealand. Mr. Solomon
resigned from the Company's Board of Directors on February 27, 1997.
Howard L. Feinsand became a director of the Company in July 1996. Mr.
Feinsand is Executive Managing Director and Principal of Choir Capital Ltd.
("Choir"), a New York investment banking firm which he co-founded in 1996. Choir
is primarily engaged in the securitization business as principal, asset manager
and advisor. Mr. Feinsand is also a director of Duke Realty Investments, Inc.,
a New York Stock Exchange-listed fully integrated real estate investment trust.
From 1995 to 1996, Mr. Feinsand was a Managing Director of Citicorp North
America, Inc., in New York, with responsibility for its Global Aviation Products
activities. From 1989 to 1995, Mr. Feinsand was a senior manager (culminating
with his position as Senior Vice President and Manager - Capital Markets,
Pricing and Investor Programs) of GE Capital Aviation Services Limited and its
corporate predecessor, Polaris Aircraft Leasing Corporation. From 1971 to 1989,
Mr. Feinsand practiced law as a partner in three New York City law firms,
advising institutional and entrepreneurial clients regarding a broad range of
corporate finance, direct investment and other matters. Mr. Feinsand received a
Bachelors of Arts degree from Temple University in 1968 and a Juris Doctor
degree from St. John's University School of Law in 1971.
Arthur P. Bergeron became Vice President, Treasurer and Chief Financial
Officer of the Company in 1992. He holds these same positions with MCL. He
received a Bachelor of Science in Accounting from Bentley College in Waltham,
Massachusetts in 1973 and a Master of Science in Taxation from Bentley College
in 1980. Mr. Bergeron is a certified public accountant and is the principal of
Arthur P. Bergeron & Co., P.C., in Wellesley, Massachusetts, a public accounting
firm which he founded in 1978. He does not devote his full time to the affairs
of the Company.
Item 11. Executive Compensation.
None of the directors received any compensation for serving as a director
The following table sets forth the compensation paid by the Company for the
past three fiscal years to Joseph S. Latino, the Company's President and Chief
Executive Officer, and Arthur Bergeron, the Company's Vice President, Treasurer
and Chief Financial Officer.
(Remainder of Page Intentionally Left Blank)
Summary Compensation Table
Name and Annual
Position Year Salary(1) Bonus tion Options #
-------- ---- ------- ----- -------- ---------
1996 $180,000 - 0 - (2)
Joseph S. 1995 $180,000 - 0 - (2) 3,000,000
Latino, Ph.D, 1994 $ 72,000 $17,800 (2)
Arthur P. 1996 $ 72,000 - 0 - 4
Bergeron, Vice 1995 $ 72,000 - 0 - (4) 1,500,000
President, 1994 $ 36,0003 - 0 - (4)(4)
The Company and Joseph S. Latino entered into an employment agreement,
effective January 1, 1995, pursuant to which the Company agreed to employ Dr.
Latino as its Chief Executive Officer and Director of Research, at a salary of
1 From 1992 through 1994, Dr. Latino and Mr. Bergeron were not paid on a
salaried basis, but were paid as consultants.
2 In 1994, 1995 and 1996 Dr. Latino was reimbursed for certain automobile
expenses and other business expenses, in the amounts of $21,324, $33,222
and $__________ respectively. In 1995 and 1996 the Company provided Dr.
Latino with health insurance, paying premiums in the amounts of $9,438 and
3 From July 1, 1993 through December 31, 1994, Arthur P. Bergeron & Co.,
P.C., the accounting firm of which Mr. Bergeron is the sole shareholder,
received an aggregate of $64,825 as professional fees for support services
rendered in connection with the Company's 1992 audit, the engagement of
Coopers & Lybrand and for investigative services rendered in connection
with certain litigation engaged in by the Company. He also received 500,000
shares of the Company's common stock for his services through December 31,1994.
4 In 1995, the Company provided Mr. Bergeron with health insurance, paying
premiums in the respective amounts of $9,438 and $______________.
$180,000 per annum, for a one year period; provided, however, that this
agreement shall remain in effect until terminated by either of the parties in
accordance with its terms. The Agreement continued in effect in 1996. Dr.
Latino's salary may be increased in the discretion of the Board of Directors.
Pursuant to this agreement, Dr. Latino is to devote substantially all of his
time and efforts to the Company's affairs and is to serve as President of the
Company's subsidiary, Medizone Canada Limited without additional compensation.
Dr. Latino is to receive certain fringe benefits, including the use of an
automobile and health and life insurance and has been granted an option to
purchase 3,000,000 shares of the Company's common stock, par value $.001, at a
per share price of $.20. These options vest in annual increments of 1,000,000
shares, on and after January 1 of each of 1996, 1997 and 1998, provided that Dr.
Latino is still employed by the Company at the time. The agreement also provides
for certain bonus payments, which are dependent on the Company's achieving
certain financial results.
The Company agreed to employ Arthur P. Bergeron, effective January 1, 1995,
as its Chief Financial Officer, at a salary of $72,000 per annum, for a one year
period; provided, however, that this agreement shall remain in effect until
terminated by either party in accordance with its terms. The Agreement continued
in effect in 1996. Mr. Bergeron's salary may be increased in the discretion of
the Board of Directors. Mr. Bergeron is also to serve as the Chief Financial
Officer of Medizone Canada Limited without additional compensation. Pursuant to
this agreement, Mr. Bergeron is permitted to continue his private accounting
practice. Mr. Bergeron will also receive health insurance from the Company and
has been granted an option to purchase 1,500,000 shares of the Company's common
stock, par value $.001, at a per share price of $.20. These options vest in
annual increments of 500,000 shares on and after January 1 of each of 1996, 1997
and 1998, provided that Mr. Bergeron is still employed by the Company at that
time. The agreement also provides for certain bonuses to be paid if the Company
achieves certain financial results.
Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation
The Company does not have a compensation committee. Matters concerning the
compensation of executive officers are determined by the Company's Board of
Directors. Dr. Latino, who is an executive officer of the Company, is also a
member of the Company's Board of Directors and will participate in deliberations
concerning executive officer compensation, but will not vote on his own
individual compensation. However, his participation in such deliberations gives
rise to a conflict of interest which could affect his compensation.
Open Grants in Last Year Pursuant to Employment Agreement
The following table sets forth information as of December 31, 1996
regarding the outstanding options under the Company's employment agreements with
its executive officers.
value at Assumed Annual
Rates of Stock Price
Appreciation for Option.
Number of granted
Securities under Exercise Expir-
Under Employment Price ation
Name Option(1) Agreements ($/sh) Date 5%($) 10%($)
---- ------ ---------- ------ -------- ----- ------
Latino - 0 - - 0 - - 0 - (1) (1) (1)
Bergeron - 0 - - 0 - - 0 - (1) (1) (1)
(1) Options were granted on January 1, 1995 pursuant to the Company's
employment agreements with each of Dr. Latino (options for 3,000,000
shares) and Mr. Bergeron (options for 1,500,000 shares). The exercise price
of the option is $.20. They vest fully on January 1, 1998 over the
following vesting schedule, 33% on January 1, 1996, 33% on January 1, 1997
and 33% on January 1, 1998. They may be exercised for as long as Dr. Latino
and Mr. Bergeron remain employed by the Company and for one year after the
termination of Dr. Latino's and/or Mr. Bergeron's termination of employment
with the Company. As of January 1, 1995 (the date of grant), the average of
the high and low bid price for the Company's common stock was approximately
$.14. As of December 31, 1996, the average of the high and low bid price
for the Company's common stock was approximately $.0875.
Aggregate Option Exercises in Last Fiscal Year
and Fiscal Year-End Option Values
The following table provides information on the value of the Company's
named executive officers' unexercised options to purchase shares of the
Company's common stock as of December 31, 1996.
Number of Unexer- the-money
cised Options at option at
December 31, 1996 December 31,
(#) 1996 ($) (1)
Exercise Value Exer- Unexer- Exerci- erci-
Name (#) Realized cisable cisable sable sable
---- ------- -------- ------- ------- ----- -----
Latino -0- -0- 1,000,000 2,000,000 -0- -0-
Bergeron -0- -0- 5,000,000 1,000,000 -0- -0-
(1) Fiscal year ended December 31, 1996. The average high and low bid of the
Company's common stock at December 31, 1996 was $.0875.
BOARD OF DIRECTORS
Dr. Joseph S. Latino
Howard L. Feinsand
Dr. Latino, an executive officer is a member of the Board of Directors and
participates in deliberations concerning executive officer compensation, but
does not vote on his own individual compensation. However, his participation in
these deliberations may give rise to a conflict of interest.
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and
The following table sets forth certain information as of March 14, 1997,
pertaining to the beneficial ownership of Common Stock, by (i) persons known to
the Company to own 5% or more of the outstanding Common Stock, (ii) each
director and executive officer of the Company, and (iii) directors and executive
officers of the Company as a group.
Number of Shares Percentage of
Name and Address Beneficially Owned Total Outstanding
Joseph S. Latino, Ph.D. 6,803,750(1) 5.06%
690 East 19th Street
George Handel 2,795,532(2) 2.15%
1408 Melrose Avenue
Melrose Park, PA19126
John D. Pealer 4,856,977(3) 3.73%
355 N. 21st Street
Camp Hill, PA17011
Arthur P. Bergeron 3,233,334(4) 2.47%
40 Grove Street
1 Excludes 15,200 shares registered in the name of vari- ous family members,
as to which Dr. Latino disclaims beneficial ownership, but includes (i)
2,000,000 shares obtainable upon the exercise of the option granted in Dr.
Latino's employment agreement which vested on January 1, 1996. (1,000,000
shares) and January 1, 1997 (1,000,000 shares); and (ii) 1,300,000 shares
sold to Dr. Latino by the Company in March 1997 for $81,500.
2 Includes 50,000 shares beneficially owned by his wife, but excludes
1,615,833 shares registered in the name of certain other family members as
to which Mr. Handel has disclaimed beneficial ownership.
3 Includes shares beneficially owned by his wife.
4 Includes (i) 544,167 shares held through the Bergeron Profit Sharing Plan;
(ii) 500,000 shares issued to Mr. Bergeron by the Company as additional
compensation for services rendered through December 31, 1994; and (iii)
1,000,000 shares obtainable upon exercise of the option granted in Mr.
Bergeron's employment agreement which vested on January 1, 1996 (500,000
shares) and January 1, 1997 (500,000 shares).
Richard G. Solomon 4,500,000(1) 3.46%
77 Seaview Road
Remuera, Auckland 5
Kenneth Gropper 160,000 0.12%
129 Eagle's Nest Road
Howard L. Feinsand - 0 - - 0 -
1080 Fifth Avenue
New York, NY10120
Philip J. Watrous 9,550,000 7.34%
685 Fifth Avenue
New York, New York10022
All present directors 17,849,593 13.29%
and executive officers
as a group (6 persons)
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions.
Loans from Directors
On August 22, 1994, the Company borrowed $18,000 from George Handel and
$10,000 from John Pealer, two of the Company's directors, and $9,000 from Samuel
Handel, the brother of George Handel. Each of these loans was payable on August23, 1995 and bears interest at an annual rate of 8%, payable on the maturity of
the loans. The maturity date on these loans has been extended to August 23,1997. Each of the lenders has the right to require that payment of principal and
interest due on his loan be made in shares of the Company's common stock, at a
per share price equal to that charged by the Company in the most recent private
transaction prior to the maturity of the loans.
On June 4 and June 8, 1995, the Company borrowed $25,000 from George Handel
and $25,000 from Samuel Handel, respectively, payable in June 1996, which date
has been extended to June 1997.
1 Includes 1,500,000 shares owned by Solwin Investments Limited ("Solwin"), a
corporation wholly owned by Mr. Solomon, and 2,000,000 shares purchased by
Solwin from the Company, which had not been issued as of the date of this
report, but excludes 56,000 shares held by other family members, of which
Mr. Solomon declines beneficial ownership. Mr. Solwin resigned from the
Board of Directors on February 27, 1997.
These loans bear interest at an annual rate of 9% and have the same conversion
terms as the 1994 loans from these individuals.
In February 1996, the Company borrowed $25,000 from Richard G. Solomon,
$12,000 from George Handel and $10,000 from John Pealer, three of the Company's
directors. These loans were payable on June 15, 1996, but payment was thereafter
extended to June 15, 1997. In August 1996, the Company borrowed $32,500 from
George Handel, $15,000 from Samuel Handel and $10,000 from Richard Solomon,
payable in one year. In September 1996, the Company borrowed $10,000 from Howard
Feinsand, a director, payable in ninety days. In November 1996, the Company
borrowed $10,000 from each of John Pealer, George Handel and Richard Solomon,
payable in November 1997. The 1996 loans bear interest at an annual rate of 8%,
payable on the maturity of the loan. The Company has the right to make payments
of principal and interest on these loans in shares of the Company's common
stock, at a per share price equal to that charged by the Company in its most
recent private transaction prior to the maturity of the loan.
On or about January 31, 1997, the Company borrowed $1,800 from George
Handel. The loan bears interest at 8% per annum and is payable in one year and
has the same conversion terms as the 1996 loans.
Issuance of Securities
In April 1996, the Company sold 375,000 shares of its common stock, $.001
par value, to Richard G. Solomon for $37,500. In April 1996, the Company sold
100,000 shares of its common stock, $.001 par value to Lawrence Sosnow, at the
time a Director of the Company, for $10,000. In March 1997, the Company sold
1,300,000 shares of its common stock to Joseph S. Latino for $87,500.
PART IVItem 14. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules, Reports on
(a) See Index to Consolidated Financial Statements and Schedules on
(b) See Index to Exhibits on page E-1.
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities
Exchange Act of 1934, the Company has duly caused this Annual Report to be
signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
MEDIZONE INTERNATIONAL, INC.
By: s\Joseph S. Latino
Joseph S. Latino
Date: March 29, 1997
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities
Exchange Act of 1934, this Annual Report has been signed below by the following
persons on behalf of the Company, in the capacities shown and on the date
Date: March 29, 1997s\Joseph S. Latino
Joseph S. Latino, President
Chief Executive Officer
Date: March 29, 1997 s\Arthur P. Bergeron
Arthur P. Bergeron,
Vice President, Treasurer and
Chief Financial Officer
Date: March 29, 1997 s\George Handel
George Handel, Director
Date: March 29, 1997 s\John D. Pealer
John D. Pealer, Director
Date: March 29, 1997 s\Ken Gropper
Ken Gropper, Director
Date: March 29, 1997
Howard L. Feinsand, Director
Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules. The following Exhibits form a part
of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Number Description of Exhibit
2 Agreement and Plan of Reorganization dated March 12, 1986.2 3(a)
Articles of Incorporation of Registrant.(2)
3(b) By-laws of Registrant.(2)
3(c) Articles of Amendment to Registrant's Articles of Incorporation.(3)
10(a) Patent Agreement, dated February 26, 1987.
10(b) Assignment of Distributor Agreement by Terrence O. McGrath to Medizone
Delaware, dated February 4, 1986, and Distributor Agreement between
Terrence O. McGrath and Dr. J. Hansler GmbH, dated September 25,
10(c) Letter confirmation and Protocol, dated June 2, 1986, by Registrant
with regard to research to be conducted by the State University of New
York at Syracuse(2).
10(d) Consulting Agreement between P.J. Watrous & Co., Inc. and the
10(f) Consulting Agreement between Jeffrey Freed, MD, PC and the
10(g) Consulting Agreement between Joseph Latino, PhD and the Registrant(2).
10(h) Consulting Agreement between Susan Golden, RN and the Registrant(2).
10(i) Stock Option of Joseph Latino(2).
10(j) Stock Option of Jeffrey Freed(2).
10(k) Stock Option of Susan Golden(2).
10(l) Stock Option of Hubert Weinberg(2).
10(m) Agreement dated June 16, 1987, between Registrant and Oliver Grace(5).
10(n) Agreement dated June 26, 1987, between Registrant and John Grace(5).
10(o) Agreement dated June 26, 1987, between Registrant and Oliver Grace(5).
10(p) Agreement dated June 30, 1987, by and among Registrant and John C.
Black, Dr. Gerard V. Sunnen and Dr. Priyakant S. Doshi(5).
10(q) License Agreement with MCL Medizone Canada Ltd. dated November 18,
10(r) Agreement dated October 1988 by and among Immunologics, Limited
Partnership, John M. Kells, Y. C. Zee, David C. Bolton and Medizone
10(s) Form of Stock Purchase Agreement between Registrant and individuals
who purchased Shares from Registrant(7).
10(t) Letter agreement between Registrant and Rebus Oil Co., Ltd. dated July28, 1992(8).
10(u) Letter of understanding between Registrant and the RMB Group of Boston
dated August 10, 1992(8).
10(v) Agreement between Registrant and Rebus Oil Company, Ltd., dated as of
October 20, 1992.(9)
10(w) Letter agreement among Messrs. McGrath, Watrous, Melera, Chou, Kells,
Handel and Pealer, dated as of November 10, 1992.(9)
10(x) Loan agreement with Messrs. McGrath and Watrous dated as of November16, 1992.(9)
10(y) Settlement agreement with former consultant dated February 12,1993.(9)
10(z) Consulting Agreement with Joseph S. Latino dated as of January 1,1993.(9)
10(aa) Consulting Agreement with Arthur P. Bergeron dated as of January 1,1993.(9)
10(bb) Employment Agreement with Katherine M. Kalinowski dated as of January1, 1993.(9)
10(cc) Consulting Agreement with Roger Shelley dated as of January 1,1993.(9)
10(dd) Consulting Agreement with Jeannette Arsenault dated as of January 1,1993.(9)
10(ee) Loan Agreements between Registrant and John Kells, George Handel and
John Pealer, executed as of June 11, 1993 (and promissory notes).(9)
10(ff) Promissory Note to Joseph S. Latino dated as of October 26, 1993 and
Acceptance Form dated as of November 26, 1993.(9)
10(gg) Letter Agreement dated March 23, 1993 between Registrant and the
Italian Scientific Society(10).
10(hh) Contract between Registrant and Capmed USA(10).
10(ii) Agreement made as of May 18, 1994, among Medizone International, Inc.,
Medizone Canada Ltd., John M. Kells, George Handel, John Pealer,
Joseph S. Latino, Terrence O. McGrath and Philip J. Watrous(11).
10(jj) Agreement made as of January 1, 1995, between Medizone International,
Inc. and Joseph S. Latino(11).
10(kk) Agreement made as of January 1, 1995 between Medizone International,
Inc. and Arthur P. Bergeron(11).
10(ll) Agreement made as of January 1, 1995 between Medizone International,
Inc. and Giacomo C. DiGiorgio, M.D.(11)
10(mm) Lease Agreement between Medizone International, Inc. and Benabi
Realty, made on September 27, 1991, as extended, January 17, 1995.(11)
10(nn) Agreement for Sale and Purchase of Shares in Medizone New Zealand
Limited between Richard G. Solomon and Medizone International, Inc.,
dated June 22, 1995.(12)
10(oo) Shareholders' Agreement relating to Medizone New Zealand Limited
between and among Solwin Investments Limited, Medizone International,
Inc. and Medizone New Zealand Limited, dated June 22, 1995.(12)
10(pp) Licensing Agreement between Medizone International, Inc. and Medizone
New Zealand Limited, dated June 22, 1995.(12)
10(qq) Managing Agent Agreement between Medizone International, Inc. and
Medizone New Zealand Limited, dated June 22, 1995.(12)
10(rr) Lease Agreement between Medizone International, Inc. and Linmar L.P.,
dated January 17, 1996.(13)
10(ss) Agreement between Medizone International, Inc. and Multiossigen
S.r.l., dated as of September 13, 1996.(14)
16 Letters re: change in certifying accountants.(11)
(1) Filed herewith
(2) Incorporated by reference to the Registrant's regis-
tration statement on Form S-18 (Registration No. 2-
93277-D), effective May 14, 1985
(3) Incorporated by reference to the Registrant's annual
report on Form 10-K for the period ended December 31,
MEDIZONE INTERNATIONAL, INC., AND SUBSIDIARY
(A Development Stage Company)
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SCHEDULES
for the years ended December 31, 1996 and 1995
Report of Andersen Andersen and Strong, L.C., F-2
Consolidated Balance Sheets F-
Consolidated Statements of Operations F-
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders' Equity F-
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows F-
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements F-
Dates Referenced Herein and Documents Incorporated by Reference