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ForceField Energy Inc. – ‘10-Q’ for 9/30/15

On:  Thursday, 11/19/15, at 8:54am ET   ·   For:  9/30/15   ·   Accession #:  1354488-15-5210   ·   File #:  1-36133

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  As Of                Filer                Filing    For·On·As Docs:Size              Issuer               Agent

11/19/15  ForceField Energy Inc.            10-Q        9/30/15   51:3.8M                                   Issuer Direct/FA

Quarterly Report   —   Form 10-Q
Filing Table of Contents

Document/Exhibit                   Description                      Pages   Size 

 1: 10-Q        Quarterly Report                                    HTML    604K 
 2: EX-31.1     Certification per Sarbanes-Oxley Act (Section 302)  HTML     23K 
 3: EX-31.2     Certification per Sarbanes-Oxley Act (Section 302)  HTML     23K 
 4: EX-32       Certification per Sarbanes-Oxley Act (Section 906)  HTML     18K 
11: EXCEL       XBRL IDEA Workbook -- Financial Report (.xlsx)      XLSX     63K 
32: R1          Document and Entity Information                     HTML     40K 
23: R2          Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)             HTML    122K 
30: R3          Consolidated Balance Sheets (Parenthetical)         HTML     38K 
                          (Unaudited)                                            
34: R4          Consolidated Statements of Operations and           HTML    135K 
                          Comprehensive Loss (Unaudited)                         
46: R5          Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)   HTML    197K 
24: R6          1. Nature of Operations                             HTML     20K 
29: R7          2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies       HTML     48K 
21: R8          3. Accounts Receivable, Net                         HTML     24K 
15: R9          4. Property and Equipment                           HTML     28K 
47: R10         5. Business Divestitures                            HTML     37K 
36: R11         6. Discontinued Operations                          HTML     43K 
35: R12         7. Goodwill and Intangible Assets, Net              HTML     41K 
40: R13         8. Debt                                             HTML     40K 
41: R14         9. Stockholders' Equity                             HTML     33K 
39: R15         10. Commitments and Contingencies                   HTML     29K 
42: R16         2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies       HTML     75K 
                          (Policies)                                             
31: R17         2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies       HTML     35K 
                          (Tables)                                               
33: R18         3. Accounts Receivable, Net (Tables)                HTML     21K 
38: R19         4. Property and Equipment (Tables)                  HTML     26K 
51: R20         5. Business Divestitures (Tables)                   HTML     31K 
44: R21         6. Discontinued Operations (Tables)                 HTML     41K 
26: R22         7. Goodwill and Intangible Assets, Net (Tables)     HTML     37K 
37: R23         8. Debt (Tables)                                    HTML     27K 
28: R24         9. Stockholders' Equity (Tables)                    HTML     21K 
13: R25         2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES -     HTML     21K 
                          Fair value (Details)                                   
45: R26         2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies       HTML     21K 
                          (Details Narrative)                                    
48: R27         3. Accounts Receivable, Net (Details)               HTML     29K 
18: R28         4. Property, Plant and Equipment (Details)          HTML     29K 
17: R29         4. Property, Plant and Equipment (Details           HTML     17K 
                          Narrative)                                             
19: R30         5. Business Divestitures (Details)                  HTML     50K 
20: R31         6. Discontinued Operations (Details)                HTML     48K 
22: R32         6. Discontinued Operations (Details1)               HTML     70K 
12: R33         7. Goodwill and Intangible Assets, Net (Details)    HTML     21K 
43: R34         7. Goodwill and Intangible Assets, Net (Details 1)  HTML     43K 
25: R35         7. Goodwill and Intangible Assets, Net (Details     HTML     18K 
                          Narrative)                                             
27: R36         8. Debt (Details)                                   HTML     31K 
14: R37         8. Debt (Details 1)                                 HTML     24K 
50: R38         9. Stockholders' Equity (Details)                   HTML     41K 
49: XML         XBRL XML File -- Filing Summary                      XML     87K 
 5: EX-101.INS  XBRL Instance -- ssie-20150930                       XML    762K 
 7: EX-101.CAL  XBRL Calculations -- ssie-20150930_cal               XML    122K 
 8: EX-101.DEF  XBRL Definitions -- ssie-20150930_def                XML    370K 
 9: EX-101.LAB  XBRL Labels -- ssie-20150930_lab                     XML    825K 
10: EX-101.PRE  XBRL Presentations -- ssie-20150930_pre              XML    508K 
 6: EX-101.SCH  XBRL Schema -- ssie-20150930                         XSD    160K 
16: ZIP         XBRL Zipped Folder -- 0001354488-15-005210-xbrl      Zip    101K 


10-Q   —   Quarterly Report
Document Table of Contents

Page (sequential) | (alphabetic) Top
 
11st Page   -   Filing Submission
"Item 1
"Financial Statements
"Consolidated Balance Sheets (Successor) as of September 30, 2015 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2014
"Notes to Interim Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
"Item 2
"Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
"Item 3
"Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
"Item 4
"Controls and Procedures
"Legal Proceedings
"Item 1A
"Risk Factors
"Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
"Defaults Upon Senior Securities
"Mine Safety Disclosures
"Item 5
"Other Information
"Item 6
"Exhibits

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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549

FORM 10-Q

þ
Quarterly Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2015

o
Transition Report pursuant to 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period __________ to __________

Commission File Number: 001-36133
 
ForceField Energy Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Nevada
 
20-8584329
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(IRS Employer Identification No.)

245 Park Avenue, 39th Floor
 
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
212-672-1786
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. þ Yes o No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). þ Yes o No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.

Large accelerated filer
o
Accelerated filer
o
Non-Accelerated filer
o
Smaller reporting company
þ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). o Yes þ No

There were 17,828,189 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding as of November 16, 2015
 


 
 
 
 
 
     
Page
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
       
 
3
       
 
4
       
 
13
       
 
13
       
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION
       
 
14
       
 
15
       
 
16
       
 
16
       
 
16
       
 
16
       
 
16
 
 
 
2

 
 
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Our unaudited financial statements included in this Form 10-Q are as follows:
 
F-1
   
F-2
   
F-4
   
F-5
 
 
 
3

 
 
FORCEFIELD ENERGY INC.
Consolidated Balance Sheets (Successor)
(Unaudited)
 
   
September 30,
     
       
2014
 
             
ASSETS
           
Current assets:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
853,738
   
$
598,281
 
Accounts receivable, net
   
1,164,386
     
1,925,846
 
Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts
   
255,198
     
126,575
 
Inventory, net
   
227,880
     
383,033
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
   
220,220
     
449,606
 
Current assets held for sale
   
     
3,378,442
 
Total current assets
   
2,721,422
     
6,861,783
 
Accounts receivable, net — noncurrent
   
4,620
     
33,093
 
Property and equipment, net
   
17,323
     
30,203
 
Goodwill
   
3,729,939
     
3,729,939
 
Intangible assets, net
   
1,524,861
     
3,511,553
 
Other assets
   
6,008
     
180,721
 
Noncurrent assets held for sale
   
     
13,266,728
 
Total assets
 
$
8,004,173
   
$
27,614,020
 
                 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
               
Current liabilities:
               
Accounts payable
 
$
590,422
   
$
852,809
 
Accrued liabilities
   
864,118
     
914,916
 
Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts
   
     
208,712
 
Convertible debentures, net — current
   
3,810,000
     
50,000
 
Loans payable — current
   
130,000
     
130,000
 
Senior secured promissory notes, net — current
   
300,000
     
1,988,003
 
Income taxes payable
   
6,509
     
24,903
 
Current liabilities of discontinued operations
   
     
3,382,704
 
Total current liabilities
   
5,701,049
     
7,552,047
 
Convertible debentures, net of loan discounts
   
     
2,949,666
 
Deferred tax liabilities, net — noncurrent
   
554,000
     
811,248
 
Contingent purchase consideration
   
     
641,000
 
Other noncurrent liabilities
   
67,712
     
67,712
 
Noncurrent liabilities of discontinued operations
   
     
6,262,463
 
Total liabilities
   
6,322,761
     
18,284,136
 
                 
Commitments and contingencies
   
     
 
                 
Equity:
               
ForceField Energy Inc. stockholders' equity:
               
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value. 12,500,000 shares authorized; zero shares issued and outstanding
   
     
 
Common stock, $0.001 par value. 37,500,000 shares authorized; 20,000,182 and 19,200,005 shares issued and 17,828,189 and 17,737,908 shares outstanding as of September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively
   
20,000
     
19,200
 
Common stock held in treasury, at cost, 2,171,993 and 1,462,097 shares held at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014
   
(1,967,241
)
   
(1,166,071
)
Additional paid-in capital
   
31,821,548
     
27,132,299
 
Accumulated deficit
   
(28,203,503
)
   
(16,767,876
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income
   
10,608
     
12,573
 
Total ForceField Energy Inc. stockholders' equity
   
1,681,412
     
9,230,125
 
Noncontrolling interests
   
     
99,759
 
Total equity
   
1,681,412
     
9,329,884
 
Total liabilities and equity
 
$
8,004,173
   
$
27,614,020
 
  
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited consolidated financial statements.
 
 
F-1

 
 
FORCEFIELD ENERGY INC.
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss
(Unaudited)
 
   
Successor
 
   
Three Months Ended
September 30,
   
Three Months Ended
 
       
2014
 
             
Sales
 
$
1,458,599
   
$
1,951,844
 
Cost of goods sold
   
1,010,700
     
1,403,365
 
Gross margin
   
447,899
     
548,479
 
Operating expenses:
               
Depreciation and amortization
   
47,725
     
206,501
 
Selling and marketing
   
119,245
     
222,633
 
General and administrative
   
553,257
     
1,016,012
 
Professional fees
   
202,911
     
235,109
 
Impairment charge
   
391,009
     
 
Total operating expenses
   
1,314,147
     
1,680,255
 
Loss from operations
   
(866,248
)
   
(1,131,776
)
Other income (expense):
               
Interest expense, net
   
(157,723
)
   
(115,685
)
Other gains (losses)
   
641,000
     
 
Total other income (expense)
   
483,277
     
(115,685
)
Loss before income taxes
   
(382,971
)
   
(1,247,461
)
Income tax benefit
   
(1,374
   
(4,571
Net loss
   
(381,597
)
   
(1,242,890
)
Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
   
     
(30,517
)
Net loss attributable to ForceField Energy Inc. stockholders
 
$
(381,597
)
 
$
(1,212,373
)
                 
Basic and diluted loss per share
               
Net loss attributable to ForceField Energy Inc. common stockholders
 
$
(0.02
)
 
$
(0.07
)
                 
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding:
               
Basic and diluted
   
17,828,189
     
16,255,493
 
                 
Comprehensive loss:
               
Net loss
 
$
(381,597
)
 
$
(1,242,890
)
Foreign currency translation adjustment
   
(558
)
   
5,484
 
Comprehensive loss
   
(382,155
)
   
(1,237,406
)
Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
   
     
(30,517
)
Comprehensive loss attributable to ForceField Energy Inc. stockholders
 
$
(382,155
)
 
$
(1,206,889
)
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited consolidated financial statements.
 
 
F-2

 
 
FORCEFIELD ENERGY INC.
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss
(Unaudited)
 
   
Successor
   
Predecessor
 
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
   
Period from April 26 through
September 30,
   
Period from
January 1 through
 
       
2014
   
2014
 
                   
Sales
 
$
4,020,035
   
$
3,243,817
   
$
1,611,213
 
Cost of goods sold
   
2,876,408
     
2,337,661
     
1,138,827
 
Gross margin
   
1,143,627
     
906,156
     
472,386
 
Operating expenses:
                       
Depreciation and amortization
   
191,675
     
252,656
     
3,334
 
Selling and marketing
   
390,721
     
342,734
     
193,148
 
General and administrative
   
2,158,671
     
1,663,557
     
485,670
 
Professional fees
   
852,375
     
548,341
     
37,317
 
Impairment charge
   
768,009
     
     
 
Total operating expenses
   
4,361,451
     
2,807,288
     
719,469
 
Loss from continuing operations before other income (expense) and income taxes
   
(3,217,824
)
   
(1,901,132
)
   
(247,083
)
Other income (expense):
                       
Interest income (expense), net
   
(1,249,136
)
   
(177,060
)
   
5,567
 
Loss on settlement of debt
   
(733,414
)
   
     
 
Other gains (losses)
   
641,000
     
     
 
Total other income (expense)
   
(1,341,550
)
   
(177,060
)
   
5,567
 
Loss from continuing operations before income taxes
   
(4,559,374
)
   
(2,078,192
)
   
(241,516
)
Provision for income taxes (benefit)
   
(21,568
)
   
(4,571
   
2,100
 
Net loss from continuing operations
   
(4,537,806
)
   
(2,073,621
)
   
(243,616
)
Discontinued operations:
                       
Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes
   
(7,964,638
)
   
     
 
Gain on sale of discontinued operations, net of taxes
   
1,060,430
     
     
 
Total discontinued operations
   
(6,904,208
)
   
     
 
Net loss
   
(11,442,014
)
   
(2,073,621
)
   
(243,616
)
Less: Accretion of preferred stock
   
     
     
31,054
 
Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
   
(6,387
)
   
(47,136
)
   
 
Net loss attributable to ForceField Energy Inc. stockholders
 
$
(11,435,627
)
 
$
(2,026,485
)
 
$
(274,670
)
                         
Basic and diluted loss per share
                       
Continuing operations
 
$
(0.25
)
 
$
(0.13
)
 
$
(0.22
)
Discontinued operations
 
$
(0.38
)
 
$
   
$
 
Net loss attributable to ForceField Energy Inc. common stockholders
 
$
(0.63
)
 
$
(0.13
)
 
$
(0.22
)
                         
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding:
                       
Basic and diluted
   
18,010,329
     
16,201,792
     
1,252,403
 
                         
Comprehensive loss:
                       
Net loss
 
$
(11,442,014
)
 
$
(2,073,621
)
 
$
(243,616
)
Foreign currency translation adjustment
   
(1,965
)
   
(2,366
   
-
 
Comprehensive loss
   
(11,443,979
)
   
(2,075,987
)
   
(243,616
)
Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
   
(6,387
)
   
(47,136
   
-
 
Comprehensive loss attributable to ForceField Energy Inc. stockholders
 
$
(11,437,592
)
 
$
(2,028,851
)
 
$
(243,616
)
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited consolidated financial statements.
 
 
F-3

 
 
FORCEFIELD ENERGY INC.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
 
   
Successor
   
Predecessor
 
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
   
Period from April 26 through
September 30,
   
Period from January 1 through
April 25,
 
Cash flows from operating activities of continuing operations:
  2015     2014     2014  
Net loss
  $
(11,442,014
)   $
(2,073,621
)   $
(243,616
)
Net loss from discontinued operation
   
6,904,208
     
     
 
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash used in operating activities:
                       
Depreciation and amortization
   
191,675
     
252,656
     
3,334
 
Amortization of debt discount
   
598,638
     
59,171
     
 
Amortization of deferred financing costs
   
152,375
     
     
 
Provision for (recovery of) doubtful accounts
   
(12,689
)    
3,774
     
(32,967
)
Common stock issued for acquisition costs
   
91,260
     
109,000
     
 
Common stock issued for financing costs
   
116,659
     
     
 
Common stock issued in exchange for fees and services
   
12,880
     
84,267
     
 
Deferred taxes
   
(7,006
)    
     
 
Impairment charge
   
768,009
     
     
 
Loss on disposal of property and equipment
   
9,108
     
     
 
Loss on settlement of debt
   
733,414
     
     
 
Unrealized gain on change in fair value of contingent consideration
   
(641,000
)
   
     
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
                       
Accounts receivable
   
802,801
     
(110,863
)
   
1,275,004
 
Costs and earnings in excess of billings
   
(128,623
   
(75,276
   
 
Inventory
   
65,578
     
(225,989
)
   
9,307
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
   
(49,907
)
   
(21,713
   
(42,637
)
Other assets
   
(27,658
)
   
(10,254
   
 
Accounts payable
   
(246,097
)
   
323,654
     
(487,915
)
Accrued liabilities
   
13,459
     
255,721
     
(120,270
)
Billings in excess of costs and earnings
   
(22,886
)
   
     
 
Income taxes payable and other noncurrent liabilities
   
(17,594
)
   
(4,438
)
   
(5,571
)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities -- continuing operations
   
(2,135,410
)
   
(1,433,311
)
   
354,669
 
Net cash used in operating activities -- discontinued operations
   
(769,738
)
   
     
 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
   
(2,905,148
)
   
(1,433,311
)
   
354,669
 
                         
Cash flows from investing activities:
                       
Cash consideration for acquisition of business
   
     
(3,588,844
)
   
 
Cash acquired in acquisition of business
   
     
407,912
     
 
Cash forfeited in divestment of business
   
(67,053
)
   
     
 
Cash received in divestment of business
   
950,000
     
     
 
Notes receivable
   
     
(150,000
)
   
 
Purchase of fixed assets
   
(4,382
   
(5,577
   
(2,768
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities -- continuing operations
   
878,565
     
(3,336,509
)
   
(2,768
)
Net cash used in financing activities -- discontinued operations
   
(145,618
)
   
     
 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
   
732,947
     
(3,336,509
)
   
(2,768
)
                         
Cash flows from financing activities:
                       
Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs
   
1,755,311
     
1,324,750
     
 
Proceeds from exercise of common stock purchase warrants, net of issuance costs
   
936,000
     
315,000
     
 
Proceeds from issuance of convertible debentures
   
400,000
     
500,000
     
 
Proceeds from loans payable
   
     
130,000
     
 
Proceeds from related party loans payable
   
     
75,000
     
 
Dividend and redemption payments on preferred stock
   
     
     
(283,000
)
Repayments of senior, secured promissory notes
   
(800,000
)
   
     
 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities -- continuing operations
   
2,291,311
     
2,344,750
     
(283,000
)
Net cash used in financing activities -- discontinued operations
   
(32,569
)
   
     
 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
   
2,258,742
     
2,344,750
     
(283,000
)
                         
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents
   
(4,009
)
   
(1,537
)
   
 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
   
82,532
 
   
(2,426,607
)
   
68,901
 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
   
771,206
     
2,937,763
     
339,011
 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
853,738
   
$
511,156
   
$
407,912
 
                         
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
                       
Cash paid for interest
 
$
157,297
   
$
114,819
   
$
 
Cash paid for income taxes
 
$
61,344
   
$
4,716
   
$
 
                         
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:
                       
Accretion of preferred stock
 
$
   
$
   
$
31,054
 
Common stock issued related to acquisition of business
 
$
   
$
1,647,420
   
$
 
Common stock issued related to letter of intent to acquire a business
 
$
   
$
137,000
   
$
 
Common stock issued for financing costs incurred in connection with convertible and promissory notes
 
$
32,150
   
$
   
$
 
Common stock issued to reduce convertible and promissory notes payable
 
$
1,000,000
   
$
   
$
 
Common stock issued to reduce accounts payable and other accrued liabilities
 
$
36,000
   
$
206,250
   
$
 
Contingent purchase consideration
 
$
   
$
1,186,000
   
$
 
Debt issued related to acquisition of a business
 
$
   
$
1,000,000
   
$
 
Discount for beneficial conversion features on convertible debentures
 
$
67,636
   
$
12,500
   
$
 
Discount for fair value adjustment on promissory notes
 
$
   
$
34,981
   
$
 
Reallocation of amounts prepaid towards the acquisition of a business to consideration for an intangible asset — licensing rights
 
$
279,500
   
$
   
$
 
Working capital adjustment payable related to acquisition of business
 
$
   
$
1,329,528
   
$
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited consolidated financial statements.
 
 
F-4

 
 
FORCEFIELD ENERGY INC.
Notes to Interim Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
September 30, 2015
(Expressed in United States dollars)
 
1.
NATURE OF OPERATIONS

ForceField Energy Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries (“ForceField” or the “Company”) is a contractor that distributes and installs light emitting diode (“LED”) and traditional lighting products for both indoor and outdoor commercial applications. The Company generates revenue by selling commercial grade lighting products and its installation services for use in both commercial and municipal markets. The marketing and distribution of such products and services occurs primarily through internal sales resources.

On March 5, 2015, the Company completed a sale of its 50.3% equity interest in TransPacific Energy, Inc. (“TPE”) back to certain current and former TPE shareholders. As a result of the transaction, the Company’s operations are now comprised of only one reportable segment for financial reporting purposes. See “Note 5 – Business Divestitures” for additional information.

On May 1, 2015, the Company closed its offices in Costa Rica and Mexico. The wind down of business activities at each of these locations was completed by July 31, 2015.

Pursuant to a stock purchase agreement dated June 30, 2015, ESCO Energy Services, LLC purchased from the Company all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of ESCO Energy Services Company (“ESCO”). See “Note 5 – Business Divestitures” for additional information.

2.
SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“US GAAP”) for interim financial information. All amounts are expressed in United States dollars. Certain information and disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with US GAAP have been condensed or omitted as allowed by such rules and regulations, and management believes that the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. These unaudited consolidated financial statements include all of the adjustments which in the opinion of management are necessary to a fair presentation of financial position and results of operations. All such adjustments are of a normal and recurring nature.

These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and footnotes and other information included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). The results of operations for the three and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2015 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year ending December 31, 2015 or for any other future period.

Going Concern

 These unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business. The Company has generated significant operating losses which have been funded primarily from debt and equity financings. In addition, the Company is in default of, or past due on, numerous payments related to principal and interest due on notes payable, vendor payables and other accrued liabilities. The Company is addressing its delinquencies on a case-by-case basis; however, it can offer no assurance that the cooperation it has received thus far will continue.
 
 The continuing operations of the Company and the recoverability of the carrying value of assets is dependent upon the ability of the Company to obtain necessary financing to fund its working capital requirements, and upon achieving future profitable operations. The accompanying financial statements do not include any adjustments relative to the recoverability and classification of asset carrying amounts or the amount and classification of liabilities that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

There can be no assurance that new capital will be available as necessary to meet the Company's working capital requirements or, if the capital is available, that it will be on terms acceptable to the Company. The issuances of additional equity securities by the Company may result in significant dilution in the equity interests of its current stockholders. Obtaining new debt capital, assuming such debt capital would be available, will increase the Company's liabilities and future cash commitments. If the Company is unable to obtain financing in the amounts and on terms deemed acceptable, the business and future success may be adversely affected and the Company may cease operations. These factors raise substantial doubt regarding its ability to continue as a going concern.

Predecessor and Successor Reporting

On April 25, 2014, the Company acquired 17th Street ALD Management Corp (“ALD” or “American Lighting”), a leading commercial lighting specialist based in San Diego, California. The transaction was accounted for under the acquisition method of accounting, which requires that the assets purchased and the liabilities assumed all be reported in the acquirer's financial statements at their fair value, with any excess purchase price over the net assets being reported as goodwill. The application of the acquisition method of accounting represented a change in accounting basis. Accordingly, the financial statements and certain note presentations separate the Company’s presentations into two distinct periods, the period before the consummation of the transaction (labeled “Predecessor”) and the period after that date (labeled “Successor”), to indicate the application of the different basis of accounting between the periods presented.

For financial reporting purposes, ALD was deemed to be the predecessor company and ForceField was deemed to be the successor company in accordance with the rules and regulations issued by the SEC. This change in accounting basis is represented in the unaudited consolidated financial statements by a vertical black line which appears between the columns entitled "Predecessor" and "Successor" on the statements and in the relevant notes. The black line signifies that the amounts shown for the periods prior to and subsequent to the acquisition may not be comparable.
 
 
F-5

 
 
The predecessor account balances and results of operations are effective through April 30, 2014, as the impact of transactions recorded from April 26, 2014 through April 30, 2014 was not material.

Principles of Consolidation

These unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated in consolidation.

Discontinued Operations
 
In May 2015, the Company’s board of directors authorized its management to pursue the sale of ESCO. A sale was completed on June 30, 2015. As a result, ESCO’s results of operations have been reclassified as discontinued operations on a retrospective basis for all periods presented. See “Note 6 — Discontinued Operations” for additional information.
 
 Use of Estimates

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The most significant estimates relate to revenue recognition, valuation of accounts receivable and inventories, purchase price allocation of acquired businesses, impairment of long lived assets and goodwill, valuation of financial instruments, income taxes, and contingencies. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience, known or expected trends and various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable given the quality of information available as of the date of these financial statements. The results of these assumptions provide the basis for making estimates about the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results could differ from these estimates.
 
Change in Accounting Policy

In 2014, the Company changed its accounting policy related to revenue recognition from the completed contracts method to the percentage-of-completion method. Under the new policy, revenue is measured by evaluating the percentage of total costs incurred to date against the estimated total costs for each contract.

The impact of the change in accounting policy on the September 30, 2014 financial statements resulted in an increase to sales of $285,171 and an increase to cost of goods sold of $209,895.
  
Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes revenue on the percentage-of-completion method, measured by the percentage of total costs incurred to date against the estimated total costs for each contract. Contract costs include all direct material and labor costs and those indirect costs related to contract performance, such as indirect labor, supplies, tools, repairs and depreciation costs. General and administrative costs are charged to expense as incurred. Provisions for estimated losses on uncompleted contracts are made in the period in which such losses are determined. Changes in job performance, job conditions and estimated profitability, including those arising from contract penalty provisions, and final contract settlements may result in revisions to costs and income and are recognized in the period in which the revisions are determined. Profit incentives are included in revenue when their realization is reasonably assured. An amount equal to contract costs attributable to claims is included in revenue when realization is probable and the amount can be reliably estimated.
 
The asset, costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts, represents revenue recognized in excess of amounts billed. The liability, billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts, represents billings in excess of revenue recognized.

 
F-6

 
 
Revenue from rebates from utilities may be recognized on eligible energy-efficient lighting retrofit projects. These rebates are simultaneously credited against the quoted contract price and assigned to the Company by the customer. The Company is responsible for the application of the rebate, and bears the risk of any loss from the verification and collection of the rebate. Revenue from rebates from utilities totaled $49,713 and $236,890, respectively for the three and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2015, as compared to $280,827 and $1,373,613, respectively, during the corresponding periods in the prior year.

Certain rebates from utility companies are subject to refund rights in the event that specified energy savings are not met. The Company assesses each retrofit project subject to refund rights to determine if the estimated energy savings are likely to be met. As of September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, there were no retrofit projects subject to this refund right that were not expected to meet the specified energy savings.

The utility companies providing the retrofit rebate, at their discretion, can audit the Company's customer installations prior to payment. These audits often result in an adjustment to the rebate, which is netted against revenues. A reserve for adjustments is recorded based upon current period sales and the Company’s historical experience factor in recording such rebate adjustments. During the three and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2015, the adjustments to rebates from utilities totaled ($120) and ($5,813), respectively, as compared to ($3,446) and ($65,592), respectively, during the corresponding periods in the prior year. These amounts are netted in the Company’s accounts receivable and revenue.

Fair Value Measurements

The Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 820 “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures” (“ASC 820”) defines fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. ASC 820 also establishes a fair value hierarchy which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. The standard describes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

●  
Level 1 - Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

●  
Level 2 - Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are either directly or indirectly observable.

●  
Level 3 - Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions about the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing.

Fair value estimates discussed herein are based upon certain market assumptions and pertinent information available to management as of September 30, 2015. The Company uses the market approach to measure fair value for its Level 1 financial assets and liabilities. The market approach uses prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets or liabilities. The respective carrying value of certain balance sheet financial instruments approximates its fair value. These financial instruments include cash, trade receivables, related party payables, accounts payable, accrued liabilities and short-term borrowings. Fair values were estimated to approximate carrying values for these financial instruments since they are short term in nature and they are receivable or payable on demand.

The estimated fair value of assets and liabilities acquired in business combinations and reporting units and long-lived assets used in the related asset impairment tests utilize inputs classified as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy.
 
The Company determines the fair value of contingent consideration based on a probability-weighted discounted cash flow analysis. The fair value remeasurement is based on significant inputs not observable in the market and thus represents a Level 3 measurement as defined in the fair value hierarchy. In each period, the Company reassesses its current estimates of performance relative to the stated targets and adjusts the liability to fair value. Any such adjustments are included as a component of Other Income (Expense) in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss.
 
 
F-7

 
 
The following table summarizes the Company’s financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of September 30, 2015:
 
   
Level 1
   
Level 2
   
Level 3
 
Earnout liability
 
$
   
$
   
$
 

The following table summarizes the change in the Company’s financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value as of September 30, 2015:

   
2015
 
       
Fair value, January 1, 2015
 
$
641,000
 
Fair value of contingent consideration issued during the period
   
 
Change in fair value
   
(641,000
Fair value, September 30, 2015
 
$
 

Goodwill and Intangible Assets
 
Goodwill represents the future economic benefit arising from other assets acquired that could not be individually identified and separately recognized. The goodwill arising from the Company’s acquisitions is attributable to the value of the potential expanded market opportunity with new customers. Intangible assets have either an identifiable or indefinite useful life. Intangible assets with identifiable useful lives are amortized on a straight-line basis over their economic or legal life, whichever is shorter. The Company’s amortizable intangible assets consist of customer relationships, distribution and licensing agreements, non-compete agreements and technology. Their useful lives range from 0.5 to 15 years. The Company’s indefinite-lived intangible assets consist of trade names.
 
Goodwill and indefinite-lived assets are not amortized, but are subject to annual impairment testing unless circumstances dictate more frequent assessments. The Company performs an annual impairment assessment for goodwill during the fourth quarter of each year and more frequently whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the fair value of the asset may be less than the carrying amount. Goodwill impairment testing is a two-step process performed at the reporting unit level. Step one compares the fair value of the reporting unit to its carrying amount. The fair value of the reporting unit is determined by considering both the income approach and market approaches. The fair values calculated under the income approach and market approaches are weighted based on circumstances surrounding the reporting unit. Under the income approach, the Company determines fair value based on estimated future cash flows of the reporting unit, which are discounted to the present value using discount factors that consider the timing and risk of cash flows. For the discount rate, the Company relies on the capital asset pricing model approach, which includes an assessment of the risk-free interest rate, the rate of return from publicly traded stocks, the Company’s risk relative to the overall market, the Company’s size and industry and other Company specific risks. Other significant assumptions used in the income approach include the terminal value, growth rates, future capital expenditures and changes in future working capital requirements. The market approaches use key multiples from guideline businesses that are comparable and are traded on a public market. If the fair value of the reporting unit is greater than its carrying amount, there is no impairment. If the reporting unit’s carrying amount exceeds its fair value, then the second step must be completed to measure the amount of impairment, if any. Step two calculates the implied fair value of goodwill by deducting the fair value of all tangible and intangible net assets of the reporting unit from the fair value of the reporting unit as calculated in step one. In this step, the fair value of the reporting unit is allocated to all of the reporting unit’s assets and liabilities in a hypothetical purchase price allocation as if the reporting unit had been acquired on that date. If the carrying amount of goodwill exceeds the implied fair value of goodwill, an impairment loss is recognized in an amount equal to the excess.
 
 
F-8

 
 
Determining the fair value of a reporting unit is judgmental in nature and requires the use of significant estimates and assumptions, including revenue growth rates, strategic plans and future market conditions, among others. There can be no assurance that the Company’s estimates and assumptions made for purposes of the goodwill impairment testing will prove to be accurate predictions of the future. Changes in assumptions and estimates could cause the Company to perform impairment test prior to scheduled annual impairment tests scheduled in the fourth quarter.

Long-Lived Assets

The Company evaluates the recoverability of its long-lived assets whenever events or changes in circumstances have indicated that an asset may not be recoverable. The long-lived asset is grouped with other assets at the lowest level for which identifiable cash flows are largely independent of the cash flows of other groups of assets and liabilities. If the sum of the projected undiscounted cash flows is less than the carrying value of the assets, the assets are written down to the estimated fair value.
 
Reclassifications

Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. These reclassifications had no impact on net earnings and financial position.

Recent accounting pronouncements

The Company has implemented all new accounting pronouncements that are in effect and that may impact its financial statements and does not believe that there are any other new pronouncements that have been issued that might have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations.

3.
ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE, NET
 
The following table sets forth the components of the Company’s accounts receivable, net at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014:
 
         
             
Accounts and contracts receivable
 
$
1,230,893
   
$
2,056,647
 
Allowance for doubtful accounts, returns and discounts
   
(61,887
)
   
(97,708
)
Total accounts receivable, net
   
1,169,006
     
1,958,939
 
Less: Noncurrent portion of accounts receivable, net
   
4,620
     
33,093
 
Current portion of accounts receivable, net
 
$
1,164,386
   
$
1,925,846
 
 
Accounts receivable are customer obligations due under normal trade terms. The Company performs periodic credit evaluations of its customers’ financial condition. The Company records an allowance for doubtful accounts based upon factors surrounding the credit risk of certain customers and specifically identified amounts that it believes to be uncollectible. During the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015, the Company recorded a decrease of $12,689 to its provision for bad debts and recorded nil in write offs. During the nine-month period ended September 30, 2014, the Company recorded a decrease of $26,537 to its provision for bad debts and recorded nil in write-offs.

The Company's long-term receivables are considered financing receivables. The difference between the present value and face value of these receivables is recorded as an unamortized discount which is amortized over the term of the payment plan. The Company recorded interest income of $1,915 and $7,993, respectively, from deferred payment plan accounts receivable during the three and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2015, as compared to $297 and $6,773, respectively, during the corresponding periods in the prior year.
 
 
F-9

 
 
Customer concentrations

During the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015, the Company had one customer that accounted for 64.7% of accounts receivable and two customers that accounted for 30.2% of sales.

During the successor period of April 26, 2014 through September 30, 2014, the Company had one customer that accounted for 11.1% of accounts receivable and one customer that accounted for 18.7% of sales. During the predecessor period of January 1, 2014 through April 25, 2014, the Company had one customer that accounted for 25.1% of accounts receivable and two customers that accounted for 21.6% of sales.

Geographic information

During the nine month period ended September 30, 2015, all of the Company’s sales were generated within the United States with the exception of $89,245 in sales that were produced in Costa Rica. During the same nine-month period ended September 30, 2014, all of the Company’s sales were generated within the United States with the exception of $29,303 in sales that were recorded in Costa Rica.

4. 
PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT

The following table sets forth the components of the Company’s property and equipment at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014:

         
   
Cost
   
Accumulated Depreciation
   
Net Book Value
   
Cost
   
Accumulated Depreciation
   
Net Book Value
 
                                     
Computers and equipment
 
$
21,399
   
$
(13,911
)
 
$
7,488
   
$
18,402
   
$
(7,285
)
 
$
11,117
 
Furniture and fixtures
   
12,160
     
(2,325
)
   
9,835
     
22,295
     
(3,209
)
   
19,086
 
Leasehold improvements
   
457
     
(457
)
   
     
457
     
(457
)
   
 
Total
 
$
34,016
   
$
(16,693
)
 
$
17,323
   
$
41,154
   
$
(10,951
)
 
$
30,203
 
 
Property and equipment are stated at cost or at fair value if acquired as part of a business combination. Depreciation is computed by the straight-line method and is charged to operations over the estimated useful lives of the assets. The Company recorded depreciation expense of $2,181 and $8,261 during the three and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2015, as compared to $3,201 and $9,101, respectively, during the corresponding periods in the prior year.
 
Differences may arise in the amount of depreciation expense reported in the Company's operating results as compared to the corresponding change in accumulated depreciation due to foreign currency translation. These translation adjustments are reflected in accumulated other comprehensive income, a separate component of the Company's stockholders' equity.

5. 
BUSINESS DIVESTITURES
 
TransPacific Energy, Inc.

In February 2015, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized the sale of its waste heat recovery (“Organic Rankine Cycle” or “ORC”) business due to its lack of operating performance and as part of a settlement of certain lawsuits filed by and against both TPE and the Company. On March 5, 2015, the Company completed such sale of its 50.3% equity interest in TPE back to certain current and former TPE shareholders. In exchange for its equity interest, ForceField received $50,000 in cash proceeds and the return of 255,351 shares of the Company’s common stock originally issued in May 2012 when it acquired the equity interest in TPE.

 
F-10

 
 
The Company analyzed the divestment of its ORC business for discontinued operations reporting consideration. As the divestment did not represent a strategic shift expected to have a major effect on the Company’s operations and financial results, the Company determined that discontinued operations reporting was not applicable.

Additionally, the Company analyzed the results of its ORC business for segment reporting consideration. ASC 280 “Segment Reporting” establishes that an operating segment is considered a reportable segment if: (i) it engages in business activities from which it may recognize revenues and generate expenses, its operating results are regularly reviewed by the Company’s chief operating decision maker, and discrete financial information is available; and (ii) it exceeds certain quantitative thresholds. At the time of the divestment, the Company’s ORC business did not exceed any of the prescribed quantitative thresholds. As such, the Company determined that segment reporting was not applicable. As a result of the transaction, the Company’s operations are now comprised of only one reportable segment for financial reporting purposes. The operating results of the Company’s ORC business for the nine-month periods ended September 30, 2015 and 2014 are summarized below:

   
Successor
 
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
   
Period from April 26 through
 
       
2014
 
Sales
 
$
   
$
 
Cost of goods sold
   
     
 
Gross margin
   
     
 
Operating expenses:
               
Depreciation and amortization
   
17,589
     
43,972
 
Selling and marketing
   
752
     
958
 
General and administrative
   
(2,816
)
   
13,280
 
Professional fees
   
4,340
     
36,690
 
Total operating expenses
   
19,865
     
94,900
 
Loss from continuing operations before other income (expense) and income taxes
   
(19,865
)
   
(94,900
)
Other income (expense)
               
Interest income (expense), net
   
8
     
54
 
Total other income (expense)
   
8
     
54
 
Loss from continuing operations before income taxes
   
(19,857
)
   
(94,846
)
Provision for income taxes (benefit)
   
(7,006
)
   
 
Net loss from continuing operations
   
(12,851
)
   
(94,846
)
Discontinued operations, net of income taxes
   
     
 
Net loss from continuing operations
   
(12,851
)
   
(94,846
)
Less: Accretion of preferred stock
   
     
 
Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
   
     
(47,136
)
Net loss attributable to ForceField Energy Inc. stockholders
 
$
(12,851
)
 
$
(47,710
)
 
No results of operations for the Company’s ORC segment were reported in the period January 1 through April 25, 2014 as those results pertain solely to ALD as the predecessor entity.

ESCO Energy Services Company

Pursuant to a stock purchase agreement dated as of June 30, 2015 (the “Agreement”) by and among the Company, ESCO Energy Services, LLC (the “Buyer”), Mitchell Barack and ESCO Energy Services Company (“ESCO”), the Company’s wholly owned subsidiary, the Buyer purchased from the Company all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of ESCO. Mr. Barack is sole owner of all of the issued and outstanding member interests of the Buyer. Prior to the Agreement, Mr. Barack served as a director and the chief executive officer of ESCO.
 
 
F-11

 
 
In connection with the Buyer’s acquisition of ESCO from the Company, the following occurred:

●  
Mr. Barack paid $900,000 in cash to the Company, which was received on July 2, 2015;
●  
Mr. Barack and certain employees of ESCO returned to the Company 366,845 and 87,700 shares of restricted common stock of the Company, respectively, which shares were issued to such persons by the Registrant pursuant to the October 17, 2014 stock purchase agreement (these shares were valued at their fair market value of $31,818, or $0.07 per share, and recorded to “Common Stock Held in Treasury, at Cost” on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2015);
●  
Mr. Barack cancelled two promissory notes in the aggregate principal amount of $2,230,355 issued to him by the Company in connection with the October 17, 2014 stock purchase agreement. Additionally, Mr. Barack and certain employees of ESCO returned 8,216 and 9,200 shares, respectively, that had been issued to them by the Company post-acquisition, in return for extending the post-closing due dates on the two promissory notes;
●  
Mr. Barack returned to the Company 687,500 shares of restricted common stock of the Company, which secured the Company’s obligations under one of the two notes;
●  
Certain ESCO employees cancelled $750,000 in unpaid purchase consideration obligations due from the Company relating to October 17, 2014 stock purchase agreement; and
●  
The Company cancelled a $1,250,000 intercompany loan due from ESCO.

As a result of the divestment, the Company realized a net gain of $1,060,430. ESCO’s results of operations have been reclassified as discontinued operations on a retrospective basis for all periods presented (see “Note 6 – Discontinued Operations” for additional information).

6. 
DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
 
In May 2015, the Company’s board of directors authorized its management to pursue the sale of its ESCO subsidiary. A sale was completed on June 30, 2015 (see “Note 5 – Business Divestments” for additional information).

ASC 205-20 “Discontinued Operations” establishes that the disposal of a component of an entity or a group of components of an entity should be reported in discontinued operations if the disposal represents a strategic shift that has (or will have) a major effect on an entity’s operations and financial results. As a result, ESCO’s results of operations have been reclassified as discontinued operations on a retrospective basis for all periods presented. Accordingly, the assets and liabilities of this component are separately reported as “assets and liabilities of discontinued operations held for sale” as of December 31, 2014. The results of operations of this component, for all periods, are separately reported as “discontinued operations”.

A reconciliation of the major classes of line items constituting the loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes as is presented in the Consolidated Statements of  Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015 is summarized below:
 
   
Nine Months Ended
 
     
       
Sales
 
$
1,875,670
 
Cost of goods sold
   
2,276,007
 
Gross margin
   
(400,337
)
Operating expenses:
       
Depreciation and amortization
   
374,543
 
Selling and marketing
   
13,444
 
General and administrative
   
1,055,554
 
Professional fees
   
57,911
 
Impairment of goodwill and other intangible assets
   
9,156,190
 
Total operating expenses
   
10,657,642
 
Loss from operations before other income (expense) and income taxes
   
(11,057,979
)
Other income (expense)
       
Interest income (expense), net
   
(859
)
Other gains (losses)
   
2,685,000
 
Total other income (expense)
   
2,684,141
 
Loss from continuing operations before income taxes
   
(8,373,838
)
Provision for income taxes (benefit)
   
(409,200
)
Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes as presented in the Consolidated Statements of Operations
 
$
(7,964,638
)
 
 
F-12

 
 
At March 31, 2015, as a result of deteriorating business conditions and significant delays associated with new business opportunities, the Company performed the impairment test as prescribed by ASC 350 on the carrying value of its goodwill and recorded an impairment charge totaling $6,993,784.

Additionally, at March 31, 2015, the Company performed an interim impairment test for long-lived assets and determined that the carrying amount of certain intangible assets were not recoverable as its undiscounted cash flows were less than its carrying amount. The Company further determined that the fair value of the asset group was less than its carrying value and therefore impairment must be recorded. The Company used the discounted cash flow method under the income approach to determine the fair value of the asset group. The impairment amount was determined by allocating the shortfall of fair value as compared to the carrying amount to each long-lived asset in the asset group on a pro rata basis using the relative carrying amount of the assets, except the carrying amount of each asset cannot be reduced below its fair value. To determine the fair value of each long-lived asset, the Company used the relief from royalty method for its trade names and estimated the fair value for its customer relationships using the multi-period excess earnings method. As a result, the Company recorded impairment charges totaling $2,162,406 for these intangible assets.

No results of operations for ESCO were reported in the period from April 26 through September 30, 2014 as ESCO was acquired on October 17, 2014 or in the period from January 1 through April 25, 2014 as those results pertain solely to ALD as the predecessor entity.

The following table presents the reconciliation of carrying amounts of major classes of assets and liabilities of ESCO classified as held for sale in the consolidated balance sheets at December 31, 2014:
 
   
Successor
 
     
     
Carrying amounts of major classes of assets included as part of discontinued operations
     
Current assets:
     
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
172,925
 
Accounts receivable, net
   
2,593,743
 
Costs and earnings in excess of billings
   
525,432
 
Inventory, net
   
48,552
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
   
37,790
 
Total current assets included in the disposal group classified as held for sale
   
3,378,442
 
Property and equipment, net
   
137,628
 
Goodwill
   
8,658,492
 
Intangible assets, net
   
4,465,427
 
Other assets
   
5,181
 
Total noncurrent assets included in the disposal group classified as held for sale
   
13,266,728
 
Total assets of the disposal group classified as held for sale in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
$
16,645,170
 
         
Carrying amounts of major classes of liabilities included as part of discontinued operations
       
Current liabilities:
       
Accounts payable
 
$
1,164,889
 
Accrued liabilities
   
602,342
 
Billings in excess of costs and earnings
   
836,975
 
Loans payable -- current
   
12,644
 
Senior secured promissory notes, net — current
   
255,355
 
Related party payables
   
507,500
 
Income taxes payable
   
2,999
 
Total current liabilities included in the disposal group classified as held for sale
   
3,382,704
 
Loans payable
   
10,384
 
Senior secured promissory notes, net of loan discounts
   
1,998,479
 
Deferred tax liabilities, net -- noncurrent
   
1,143,600
 
Contingent purchase consideration
   
2,685,000
 
Other noncurrent liabilities
   
425,000
 
Total noncurrent liabilities included in the disposal group classified as held for sale
   
6,262,463
 
Total liabilities of the disposal group classified as held for sale in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
   
9,645,167
 
         
Net assets held for sale
 
$
7,000,003
 
 
 
F-13

 
 
On October 17, 2014, the Company issued two secured promissory notes to the former stockholder of ESCO in connection with its acquisition. The first note totaled $2,075,000, bears interest at 6.02% per annum and is due in April 17, 2016. The note is collateralized by 687,500 restricted shares of the Company’s common stock which under no circumstances can become free trading prior to its maturity date. In determining the fair value of the promissory notes issued, the Company considered, among other factors, the market yields on debt securities depending on the time horizon and level of perceived risk of the specific investment. The Company arrived at an estimated market rate of 9% and calculated the present value of the $2,075,000 promissory note and its related interest to be $1,989,539. As a result, the Company recorded a discount against the promissory notes of $85,461. The discount was being amortized using the effective interest method over the life of the notes. During the six-month period ended June 30, 2015, the Company recorded $27,633 in interest expense related to the note discount. The remaining unamortized balance of $48,888 at June 30, 2015 was written off and recorded as a component of gain on sale of discontinued operations, net of taxes.

The second note totaled $1,075,000 and was due on November 16, 2014 along with an interest payment of $45,000. The note is collateralized by all of the assets of ESCO. On April 3, 2015, the Company entered into a note amendment and security interest termination agreement with the stockholder to amend and extend the original terms. At that time, all but $155,355 of the principal balance was repaid.

Pursuant to the stock purchase agreement, dated as of June 30, 2015, by and among the Company, ESCO Energy Services, LLC, Mitchell Barack and ESCO, the Company’s wholly owned subsidiary, Mr. Barack cancelled the two promissory notes, plus all accrued interest, in the aggregate principal amount of $2,230,355 issued to him by the Company.
 
7. 
GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS, NET
 
The following table sets forth the changes in the carrying amount of the Company’s goodwill for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015:

   
2015
 
       
 
$
3,729,939
 
Impairment charge
   
 
 
$
3,729,939
 
 
 The following table sets forth the components of the Company’s intangible assets at September 30, 2015:
 
   
Amortization Period (Years)
   
Cost
   
Accumulated Amortization
and Impairment Charges
   
Net Book Value
 
Intangible assets subject to amortization:
                       
Distribution and license rights
   
5.0
     
1,234,500
     
(1,234,500
)
   
 
Production backlog
   
0.5
     
108,000
     
(108,000
)
   
 
Non-compete agreements
   
3.0
     
265,000
     
(125,139
)
   
139,861
 
Subtotal
           
1,607,500
     
(1,467,639
)
   
139,861
 
Intangible assets not subject to amortization:
                               
Trade names
   
     
1,385,000
     
     
1,385,000
 
Total
         
$
2,992,500
   
$
(1467,639
)
 
$
1,524,861
 
 
 
F-14

 
 
The Company recorded amortization expense for intangible assets subject to amortization of $45,544 and $183,414, respectively, during the three and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2015.

On March 5, 2015, the Company and Noveda Technologies, Inc. (“Noveda”) agreed to amend the terms of a license agreement entered into on December 1, 2014 which granted the Company exclusive rights over a five year period to sell, market and distribute Noveda’s technology on LED applications in North America. During 2014, the Company made payments to Noveda of $142,500 in cash and 25,000 shares of restricted common stock valued at $137,000 under the provisions of a non-binding letter of intent entered into by the Company to acquire Noveda. During 2015, by mutual agreement, the acquisition discussions were discontinued, and $279,500 in consideration described above, was applied as payment towards, and in full satisfaction of, the remaining fees payable to Noveda under the terms of the license agreement.

At June 30, 2015, the Company performed an interim impairment test for long-lived assets and determined that the carrying amount of its exclusive distribution rights with Shanghai Lightsky Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd. was not recoverable as its undiscounted cash flows were less than its carrying amount. The Company further determined that the fair value of the asset group was less than its carrying value and therefore impairment must be recorded. As a result, the Company recorded an impairment charge totaling $377,000.

At September 30, 2015, the Company performed an interim impairment test for long-lived assets and determined that the carrying amount of its exclusive distribution rights with Noveda was not recoverable as its undiscounted cash flows were less than its carrying amount. The Company further determined that the fair value of the asset group was less than its carrying value and therefore impairment must be recorded. As a result, the Company recorded an impairment charge totaling $391,009.
 
The following table sets forth the components of the Company’s intangible assets at December 31, 2014:

   
Amortization Period (Years)
   
Cost
   
Accumulated Amortization
   
Net Book Value
 
                         
Intangible assets subject to amortization:
                       
Distribution and license rights
   
5.0
     
955,000
     
(366,916
)
   
588,084
 
Production backlog
   
0.5
     
108,000
     
(108,000
)
   
 
Non-compete agreements
   
3.0
     
265,000
     
(58,889
)
   
206,111
 
Technology
   
15.0
     
1,583,000
     
(250,642
)
   
1,332,358
 
Subtotal
           
2,911,000
     
(784,447
)
   
2,126,553
 
Intangible assets not subject to amortization:
                               
Trade names
   
     
1,385,000
     
     
1,385,000
 
Total
         
$
4,296,000
     
(784,447
)
 
$
3,511,553
 

 The Company recorded amortization expense of $203,300 and 246,889, respectively, during the three and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2014.
 
8.
DEBT

Convertible Debentures

The following table sets forth the components of the Company’s convertible debentures at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014:
 
         
             
7% Convertible debentures
 
$
200,000
   
$
200,000
 
9% Convertible debentures
   
3,610,000
     
3,210,000
 
Loan discounts
   
 
   
(410,334
)
Total convertible debentures, net
   
3,810,000
     
2,999,666
 
Less: Current portion of convertible debentures, net
   
3,810,000
     
50,000
 
Noncurrent portion of convertible debentures net
 
$
   
$
2,949,666
 
 
During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company privately placed a series of unsecured, convertible debentures with accredited investors for gross proceeds of $900,000 (of which $300,000 was raised during the predecessor period of January 1 through April 25, 2014). The debentures carry interest rates ranging between 7% and 9% per annum, payable semiannually in cash, for a three-year terms with fixed conversion prices ranging from $5.00 to $7.00 per share if converted within the first year of issuance or fixed conversion prices ranging from $6.00 to $9.00 if converted during the second or third year following issuance.

On October 15, 2014, the Company converted, upon receiving formal notice from a noteholder, $50,000 in note principal, plus accrued interest, into 10,450 shares of restricted common stock.
 
 
F-15

 
 
On October 31, 2014, the Company issued an unsecured, convertible debenture for $610,000 to an accredited investor. The debenture carries an interest rate of 9% per annum for a seventeen-month term with a fixed conversion price of $5.50 per share. The principal and interest are payable in twelve equal installments commencing April 30, 2015. The investor received 15,000 shares of the Company’s common stock valued at $95,100 as consideration for entering into the debenture agreement.

On January 12, 2015, the Company issued an unsecured, convertible debenture for $400,000 to an accredited investor. The cost of this issuance was $28,000. The debenture carries an interest rate of 9% per annum, payable semiannually in cash, for an eighteen-month term with a fixed conversion price of $5.50 per share. The investor received 5,000 shares of the Company’s common stock valued at $32,150 as consideration for entering into the debenture agreement.
 
 All of the convertible debentures were analyzed at the time of their issuance for beneficial conversion features. In some instances, the Company concluded that a beneficial conversion feature existed. The beneficial conversion features were measured using the commitment-date stock price and aggregated $624,140. This amount was recorded as a debt discount and is being amortized as interest expense over the terms of the related convertible debentures. The debt discount associated with these beneficial conversion features amounted to nil and $410,334 as of September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively. The related amortization expense totaled $1,061 and $97,625, respectively, for the three and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2015, as compared to $26,758 and $44,596, respectively, for the three and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2014.

In addition, the Company analyzed its convertible debentures for derivative accounting consideration and determined that derivative accounting was not applicable.

On April 30, 2015, the Company was required to pay $50,833 in principal, along with accrued interest of approximately $28,000, per the terms of a convertible note. The Company failed to make this payment. On May 13, 2015, the Company received a letter from the noteholder’s counsel alleging certain breaches and declaring the note to be in default. The interest rate on the convertible note increased from 9.0% to 22.0% per annum as a result of the default. The noteholder has made a demand for payment and is seeking to enforce all of its contractual, legal and equitable rights under the convertible note and related agreements. The original principal balance outstanding on the convertible note is $610,000 and is presented as a current liability on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets. The note is unsecured.

On July 12, 2015, the Company was required to pay $18,000 in interest per the terms of a $400,000 convertible note dated January 12, 2015. The Company failed to make this payment. On July 27, 2015, the Company received a notice of default. The interest rate on the convertible note increased from 9.0% to 15.0% per annum as a result of the default and the noteholder is entitled to $20,000 in legal fees. The noteholder advised the Company that it reserves any and all rights and remedies to protect its interests under the terms of the convertible note.

The Company is in default for failure to pay interest on fourteen additional convertible notes during the current year period with an aggregate principal balance of $2,800,000. The interest rate on these notes ranges between 7% and 9% per annum, and does not increase in the event of a default. The principal amounts on these unsecured notes are presented as current liabilities on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets.

As a result of the defaults noted above, the Company accelerated the amortization of all deferred financing costs and beneficial conversion features associated with these convertible notes. These charges totaled $519,557 and were recorded to interest expense in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations.

At September 30, 2015, the underlying shares of the Company’s common stock related to these convertible debentures totaled 614,193 shares.
 
Senior, Secured Promissory Notes

The following table sets forth the components of the Company’s promissory notes at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014:
 
         
             
Promissory notes
 
$
300,000
   
$
2,000,000
 
Loan discounts
   
     
(11,997
)
Total promissory notes, net
   
300,000
     
1,988,003
 
Less: Current portion of convertible debentures, net
   
300,000
     
1,988,003
 
Noncurrent portion of convertible debentures net
 
$
   
$
 
 
On April 25, 2014, the Company issued a series of promissory notes aggregating in $1,000,000 principal to the former stockholders of ALD in connection with its acquisition. The promissory notes carry an interest rate of 5% per annum, payable at maturity, for a one year term and are secured by the assets of ALD. In determining the fair value of the promissory notes issued, the Company considered, among other factors, the market yields on debt securities depending on the time horizon and level of perceived risk of the specific investment. The Company arrived at an estimated market rate of 9% and calculated the present value of the $1,000,000 promissory note and its related interest to be $965,019. As a result, the Company recorded a discount against the promissory notes of $34,981. The discount is being amortized using the effective interest method over the life of the notes. For the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015, the Company recorded $11,997 in interest expense related to the note discount. No discount balance remained unamortized at September 30, 2015.
 
 
F-16

 
 
On April 24, 2015, the Company was informed by the counsel of the former ALD stockholders that the failure to pay all of the principal and accrued interest on the outstanding promissory notes would result in the declaration of default, and that absent full payment of the notes by the maturity date, the former stockholders would commence collection proceedings and seek to enforce all of their contractual, legal and equitable rights under the note and related agreements. These notes were not repaid at their maturity date.

On July 21, 2015, the Company entered into an amendment with the noteholders, whereby they agreed to discontinue their collection and collateral foreclosure efforts against ForceField and to restructure the maturity dates of the obligation in return for the following payments:

●  
A payment of $650,000 by the Company against the past due loan balance of $1,062,688.
●  
A payment of $50,000 by the Company for legal fees incurred by the noteholders.

Going forward, the Company agreed to pay monthly installments of $25,000 against the remaining principal and interest balance of $412,688 due to the noteholders. The outstanding obligation will accrue interest at 5% per annum. The noteholders, among other terms, retained a security interest in all of the assets of ALD until the remaining obligation is fully satisfied. As of September 30, 2015, the remaining principal and interest balance totaled $370,833.
 
On October 13, 2014, the Company received $1,000,000 in loan proceeds from an accredited investor pursuant to the terms of a secured promissory note. The promissory note was due and payable in full by the Company on December 5, 2014. As consideration for loaning these proceeds to the Company, the investor was entitled to receive a $40,000 interest payment along with the principal at maturity. This loan was secured by 1,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock owned by its former executive chairman. On December 26, 2014, the Company repaid all principal and accrued interest amounts associated with this promissory note.
 
On December 21, 2014, the Company received $1,000,000 in loan proceeds from an accredited investor pursuant to the terms of a secured promissory note. The promissory note was due and payable in full by the Company on March 5, 2015 and was secured by 1,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock owned by its former executive chairman, Richard St Julien. As consideration for loaning these proceeds to the Company, the investor was entitled to receive a $50,000 interest payment along with the principal at maturity. On March 5, 2015, the Company paid $50,000 to satisfy the accrued interest due on the promissory note.

On March 31, 2015, the Company issued 181,818 shares of its common stock along with an equal number of common stock purchase warrants in lieu of cash to satisfy the $1,000,000 principal payment owed to the noteholder. The fair value of the common stock was $1,363,635. The stock purchase warrants have been accounted for as equity in accordance with ASC 480. Using the Black-Scholes model, the Company calculated a relative fair value of $369,779 for these stock purchase warrants. The difference between the fair value of the equity and the settled liability totaled $733,414 and was recorded as a loss on settlement of debt.
 
Loans Payable

On September 5, 2014, the Company received $130,000 from a third party in the form of a demand loan bearing interest at a rate of 9% per annum. The entire principal amount, plus accrued interest totaling $12,188, was outstanding at September 30, 2015.

9.
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Preferred Stock

ForceField is authorized to issue 12,500,000 shares of preferred stock at a par value of $0.001. No shares of preferred stock were issued and outstanding as of either September 30, 2015 or December 31, 2014.
 
 
F-17

 
 
Common Stock

ForceField is authorized to issue 37,500,000 shares of common stock at a par value of $0.001 and had 20,000,182 shares of common stock issued and 17,828,189 shares of common stock, net of shares held in treasury, outstanding as of September 30, 2015.

Common Stock Held in Treasury at Cost

On March 5, 2015, the Company reacquired 255,351 shares of its common stock in the divestiture of the 50.3% equity investment in TPE. On June 30, 2015, the Company reacquired 454,545 shares of its common stock in the divestiture of ESCO. These shares of common stock are held in treasury by the Company. At September 30, 2015, a total of 2,171,993 shares of the Company’s common stock were held in treasury at a cost of $1,967,241.

Common Stock Issued in Private Placements

During the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015, the Company accepted subscription agreements from investors and issued 357,634 shares of its common stock along with an equal number of stock purchase warrants for gross proceeds totaling $1,929,511. The cost of these issuances was $174,200. No new subscription agreements have been received by the Company since April 15, 2015.

Common Stock Issued in Exchange for Services

During the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015, the Company issued 5,208 shares of its common stock valued at $36,000 to its three independent directors in order to settle amounts previously outstanding in accordance with their board compensation agreements and issued another 2,000 shares of its common stock valued at $12,880 for investor relations services.

Common Stock Issued in Lieu of Cash for Loans Payable and Other Accrued Obligations

On March 31, 2015, the Company agreed to exchange 181,818 shares with an equal number of common stock purchase warrants in lieu of cash to satisfy a $1.0 million promissory note payment owed to an investor. The conversion price granted to the investor for the share exchange was in accord with the terms offered under the Company’s current equity private placement memorandum. The fair value of the common stock was $1,363,635. The stock purchase warrants have been accounted for as equity in accordance with ASC 480 by using the Black-Scholes model. The Company calculated a relative fair value of $369,779 for these stock purchase warrants. The difference between the fair value of the equity and the settled liability totaled $733,414 and was recorded as a loss on settlement of debt.

Common Stock Issued for Financing Costs
 
On January 9, 2015, the Company issued 17,416 shares of its common stock valued at $6.44 per share, or $112,159, to extend the terms of a promissory note and other purchase obligations due to the former stockholder and certain employees of ESCO. Additionally, on March 31, 2015, the Company issued 601 shares of its common stock valued at $7.49, or $4,500, in connection with the placement of a convertible promissory note with an accredited investor.
 
Stock Purchase Warrants
 
The following table reflects all outstanding and exercisable warrants at September 30, 2015
 
   
Number of
Warrants
Outstanding
   
Weighted Average
Exercise Price
   
Average Remaining
Contractual
Life (Years)
 
   
796,000
   
 $
4.73
     
0.57
 
Warrants issued
   
539,452
   
 $
5.45
     
 0.70
 
Warrants exercised
   
(230,500
)
 
 $
     
 —
 
Warrants expired
   
(322,500
 
 $
     
 —
 
   
782,452
   
 $
5.30
     
0.35
 
 
 
 
F-18

 
 
All stock warrants are exercisable for a period of one year from the date of issuance. The remaining contractual life of the warrants outstanding as of September 30, 2015 ranges from 0.04 to 0.55 years. During the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015, the Company issued 230,500 shares of its common stock for gross proceeds totaling $1,040,000 following the exercise of an equal amount of stock purchase warrants. The cost of these issuances was $104,000.

10.
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
 
TransPacific Energy Litigation

On April 28, 2014, TransPacific Energy Inc., Karen Kahn, Alexander Goldberg, John Howard, Audrey Boston, Anne Howard (“Howard”), ACME Energy, Inc. (“Acme”), and Samuel Sami (“Sami”) (collectively, the “Plaintiffs”) filed suit against ForceField Energy, Inc. in the Superior Court of the State of California for the County of San Diego, in a case styled TransPacific Energy, Inc. et al. v. ForceField Energy, Inc., Case No. 37-2014-00013110-CU-BC-CTL (Cal. Super. Ct. filed April 28, 2014) (the “Lawsuit”). In the Lawsuit, Plaintiffs claimed various breaches by ForceField of the share exchange agreement dated May 10, 2012 between ForceField, Acme, Apela Holdings, and ABH Holdings, and sought unspecified damages in excess of $25,000. ForceField filed a motion to compel the Lawsuit to arbitration.
 
On July 14, 2014, ForceField commenced an arbitration proceeding against TPE, Howard, Sami, and Acme (collectively, the “Respondents”) before the American Arbitration Association in New York City styled ForceField Energy, Inc. v. TransPacific Energy, Inc., et al v. ForceField Energy, Inc., et al, AAA Case No. 01-14-0000-9289 (the “Arbitration”).  In the Arbitration, ForceField asserted various claims for breach of the share exchange agreement, which materially harmed the value of ForceField’s investments in TPE. Respondents filed counterclaims in the Arbitration similar in substance to the claims they asserted in the Lawsuit.

On March 5, 2015, the parties entered into a written settlement agreement (“Agreement”) that resolved all claims and counterclaims asserted in both the Lawsuit and the Arbitration. Pursuant to the Agreement, both the Lawsuit and the Arbitration have each been dismissed with prejudice.

Class Actions
 
On April 17, 2015, a class action lawsuit against the Company and its officers, Messrs. David Natan and Jason Williams (collectively referred to as the “Individual Defendants”), former chairman and officer Mr. Richard St-Julien, and certain other third parties, was filed in the United States District Court, Southern District of New York. Additional class action complaints were also filed in the Southern District on behalf of all persons who purchased the Company’s securities between September 16, 2013 and April 15, 2015 (together, the “Class Actions”). The Class Actions alleged the Company and the other persons named therein violated Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and Rule 10b-5 promulgated thereunder, and seek an unspecified amount of damages.
 
On July 22, 2015, the Class Actions were consolidated before the Honorable Naomi Reice Buchwald in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (the “Class Action”). On November 6, 2015, the Lead Plaintiff in the Class Action filed a second amended complaint. The Company and Individual Defendants have permission to file a motion to dismiss on or before December 4, 2015.

On October 13, 2015, the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation issued an Order declining to transfer the Class Action to the Eastern District of New York.
 
Derivative Actions

On May 13, 2015, a derivative lawsuit on behalf of the Company was filed in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York against the Individual Defendants, the Company’s directors Kebir Ratnani, Adrian Auman, and David Vanderhorst (collectively referred to as the “Director Defendants” ) and Mr. St-Julien. This lawsuit seeks unspecified damages against these individuals for breaches of their fiduciary duties and unjust enrichment.
 
 
F-19

 
 
On May 29, 2015, a second derivative lawsuit (together with the prior derivative lawsuit, the “Federal Derivative Actions”) on behalf of the Company against the same defendants in federal court. This lawsuit seeks unspecified damages against these individuals for breaches of their fiduciary duties, abuse of control, violations of Section 14 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and unjust enrichment. On August 19, 2015, plaintiffs in the Federal Derivative Actions moved to consolidate these two actions and appoint co-lead counsel for the plaintiffs.  This motion is currently pending before judges in the Eastern District of New York.
 
On August 27, 2015, a third derivative lawsuit on behalf of the Company was filed in state court in Clark County, Nevada against the same defendants. This lawsuit seeks unspecified damages against these individuals for breaches of their fiduciary duties, waste of corporate assets, unjust enrichment, aiding and abetting fiduciary violations and gross mismanagement. On November 6, 2015, the Individual Defendants and Director Defendants moved to dismiss this action. This motion is currently pending.
 
Although the ultimate outcome of the Class Actions, Federal Derivative Actions and state-court derivative action cannot be determined with certainty, the Company believes that the allegations stated in the above-described lawsuits are without merit against the Company, Individual Defendants and Director Defendants, and the Company, Individual Defendants and Director Defendants intend to defend themselves vigorously against all allegations set forth therein.

SEC Investigation

On April 21, 2015, the Company received from the staff of the Securities and Exchange Commission, a subpoena for the production of certain documents and information pursuant to a formal order of investigation. The Company is cooperating fully with the SEC in its investigation. Although an SEC investigation is not an indication that any violation of law has occurred, the Company cannot predict the outcome of this inquiry.

American Lighting Sellers Litigation
 
Pursuant to the terms of the ALD stock purchase agreement dated as of April 25, 2014, by and among the Company and ALD and the then stockholders of the ALD (collectively, the “Sellers”) and the Sellers’ representative, as amended to date (the “SPA”), the Company acquired all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of ALD Sellers.  On April 24, 2015, the Company failed to pay any portion of the aggregate balance of $1,050,000 then due under the terms of Seller Notes, which resulted in the Sellers’ representative declaring an event of default under each of the notes. On May 11, 2015 the Sellers’ representative pursuant to Article 9 of Uniform Commercial Code, as in effect in the State of Nevada pursuant to Nevada Revised Statutes Sections 104.9101 commenced a process of foreclosing on certain portions of the collateral.

On June 24, 2015, the Sellers’ representative, acting for and on behalf of the Sellers, filed a complaint in the Superior Court of the State of California for the County of San Diego, captioned Jeffrey J. Brown, in his capacity as Seller Representative vs. ForceField Energy, Inc., et al., Case No. 37-2015-00021180-CU-BC-CTL, seeking, among other things, the full payment of all amounts due under the notes and the cost of collection thereof.

On July 21, 2015, the Company entered into an amendment to the SPA with the Sellers’ representative whereby payment, compliance and certain other terms were amended. On August 3, 2015, the complaint was dismissed without prejudice.
 
Consulting Services

ForceField has entered into various engagement agreements for advisory and consulting services on a non-exclusive basis to obtain equity capital. In the event that the Company completes a financing from a funding source provided by one of the consultants, then such consultant will receive a finders or referral fee at closing ranging from five percent (5%) to ten percent (10%) of the amount received by the Company. The terms and condition of financing are subject to Company approval. The Company has not raised any new capital since April 15, 2015.
 
 
F-20

 
 
ITEM 2.     MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Certain statements in this report, other than purely historical information, including estimates, projections, statements relating to our business plans, objectives, and expected operating results, and the assumptions upon which those statements are based, are “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (“PSLRA”). These forward-looking statements generally are identified by the words “believes,” “project,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “intends,” “strategy,” “plan,” “may,” “will,” “would,” “will be,” “will continue,” “will likely result,” and similar expressions. We intend such forward-looking statements to be covered by the safe-harbor provisions for forward-looking statements contained in the PSLRA, and are included in this statement for purposes of complying with those safe-harbor provisions. Forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and assumptions that are subject to risks and uncertainties which may cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements. Our ability to predict results or the actual effect of future plans or strategies is inherently uncertain. Some of the factors that could cause results or events to differ materially from current expectations include, but are not limited to: the impact of the Securities & Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) subpoena and investigation, the arrest of our former chairman, and the class action and derivative lawsuits may have on our current and future business and on financing initiatives, general economic, market or business conditions; an increasingly competitive business environment; changing regulatory conditions or requirements; our ability to generate revenues from LED lighting sales; obtaining financing for LED installations; the acceptance by the lighting industry to LED technology; raising sufficient working capital to fund operations; the resolution of matters between the Company and its creditors relating to significant past due principal and interest payments on unsecured convertible debt. These risks and uncertainties should also be considered in evaluating forward-looking statements and undue reliance should not be placed on such statements. We undertake no obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Additional information concerning our business, including other factors that could materially affect our financial results, is included herein and in our other filings with the SEC.
 
OVERVIEW

We are a contractor that distributes and installs light emitting diode (“LED”) and traditional lighting products for both indoor and outdoor commercial applications. We believe that our services offer a significant opportunity for savings through improved energy efficiency and reduced maintenance costs. We generate revenue by selling commercial grade lighting products and our installation services for use in both commercial and municipal markets. The marketing and distribution of such products and services occurs primarily through internal sales resources at our wholly-owned subsidiaries, ForceField Energy USA Inc., which includes the assets of Catalyst LED’s LLC, and 17th Street ALD Management Corp (“ALD” or “American Lighting”). Our target customers include federal, state and local governments; commercial and industrial facilities; retail locations, educational, hospitality, auto dealerships, and institutional organizations; hospitals and healthcare providers; utility companies; and new construction projects.
 
 On March 5, 2015, we completed the sale of our 50.3% equity interest in TransPacific Energy, Inc. (“TPE”) back to certain current and former TPE shareholders. As a result of the transaction, our operations are now comprised of only one reportable segment for financial reporting purposes.

On May 1, 2015, we closed our offices in Costa Rica and Mexico. The process of winding down our business operations at each of these locations was completed by July 31, 2015.
 
Pursuant to a stock purchase agreement dated as of June 30, 2015 (the “Agreement”) by and among us, ESCO Energy Services, LLC (the “Buyer”), Mr. Barack and ESCO; the Buyer purchased from us all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of ESCO. Mr. Barack is sole owner of all of the issued and outstanding member interests of the Buyer. Prior to the Agreement, Mr. Barack served as a director and officer of ESCO. As a result, ESCO’s results of operations have been reclassified as discontinued operations on a retrospective basis for all periods presented.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following table sets forth our results of operations for the three-month periods ended September 30, 2015 and 2014:

   
Successor
 
   
Three Months Ended
September 30,
   
Three Months Ended
 
       
2014
 
             
Sales
 
$
1,458,599
   
$
1,951,844
 
Cost of goods sold
   
1,010,700
     
1,403,365
 
Gross margin
   
447,899
     
548,479
 
Operating expenses:
               
Depreciation and amortization
   
47,725
     
206,501
 
Selling and marketing
   
119,245
     
222,633
 
General and administrative
   
553,257
     
1,016,012
 
Professional fees
   
202,911
     
235,109
 
Impairment charge
   
391,009
     
 
Total operating expenses
   
1,314,147
     
1,680,255
 
Loss from operations
   
(866,248
)
   
(1,131,776
)
Other income (expense):
               
Interest expense, net
   
(157,723
)
   
(115,685
)
Other gains (losses)
   
641,000
     
 
Total other income (expense)
   
483,277
     
(115,685
)
Loss before income taxes
   
(382,971
)
   
(1,247,461
)
Income tax benefit
   
(1,374
   
(4,571
Net loss
   
(381,597
)
   
(1,242,890
)
Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
   
     
(30,517
)
Net loss attributable to ForceField Energy Inc. stockholders
 
$
(381,597
)
 
$
(1,212,373
)
 
 
4

 
 
The following table sets forth our results of operations for the nine-month periods ended September 30, 2015 and 2014:

   
Successor
   
Predecessor
 
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
   
Period from April 26 through
September 30,
   
Period from
January 1 through
 
       
2014
   
2014
 
                   
Sales
 
$
4,020,035
   
$
3,243,817
   
$
1,611,213
 
Cost of goods sold
   
2,876,408
     
2,337,661
     
1,138,827
 
Gross margin
   
1,143,627
     
906,156
     
472,386
 
Operating expenses:
                       
Depreciation and amortization
   
191,675
     
252,656
     
3,334
 
Selling and marketing
   
390,721
     
342,734
     
193,148
 
General and administrative
   
2,158,671
     
1,663,557
     
485,670
 
Professional fees
   
852,375
     
548,341
     
37,317
 
Impairment charge
   
768,009
     
     
 
Total operating expenses
   
4,361,451
     
2,807,288
     
719,469
 
Loss from continuing operations before other income (expense) and income taxes
   
(3,217,824
)
   
(1,901,132
)
   
(247,083
)
Other income (expense):
                       
Interest income (expense), net
   
(1,249,136
)
   
(177,060
)
   
5,567
 
Loss on settlement of debt
   
(733,414
)
   
     
 
Other gains (losses)
   
641,000
     
     
 
Total other income (expense)
   
(1,341,550
)
   
(177,060
)
   
5,567
 
Loss from continuing operations before income taxes
   
(4,559,374
)
   
(2,078,192
)
   
(241,516
)
Provision for income taxes (benefit)
   
(21,568
)
   
(4,571
   
2,100
 
Net loss from continuing operations
   
(4,537,806
)
   
(2,073,621
)
   
(243,616
)
Discontinued operations:
                       
Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes
   
(7,964,638
)
   
     
 
Gain on sale of discontinued operations, net of taxes
   
1,060,430
     
     
 
Total discontinued operations
   
(6,904,208
)
   
     
 
Net loss
   
(11,442,014
)
   
(2,073,621
)
   
(243,616
)
Less: Accretion of preferred stock
   
     
     
31,054
 
Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
   
(6,387
)
   
(47,136
)
   
 
Net loss attributable to ForceField Energy Inc. stockholders
 
$
(11,435,627
)
 
$
(2,026,485
)
 
$
(274,670
)

Going Concern

 Our unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business. We have generated significant operating losses which have been funded primarily from debt and equity financings. In addition, we are in default of, or past due on, numerous payments related to principal and interest due on notes payable, vendor payables and other accrued liabilities. We are addressing our delinquencies on a case-by-case basis; however, we can offer no assurance that the cooperation we have received thus far will continue.

The continuing operations of our Company and the recoverability of the carrying value of assets is dependent upon our ability to obtain necessary financing to fund our working capital requirements, and upon future profitable operations. The accompanying financial statements do not include any adjustments relative to the recoverability and classification of asset carrying amounts or the amount and classification of liabilities that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

We have been unable to raise any new capital from the sale of convertible debentures or from the private placement of our common stock since April 15, 2015. There can be no assurance that new capital will be available as necessary to meet our working capital requirements or, if the capital is available, that it will be on terms acceptable to us. The issuances of additional equity securities by us may result in significant dilution in the equity interests of our current stockholders. Obtaining new debt capital, assuming such debt capital would be available, will increase our liabilities and future cash commitments. If we are unable to obtain financing in the amounts and on terms deemed acceptable, our business and future success may be adversely affected and we may cease operations. These factors, among others, raise substantial doubt regarding our ability to continue as a going concern. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors” for additional information.
 
 
5

 
 
Predecessor and Successor Reporting

On April 25, 2014, we acquired 17th Street ALD Management Corp (“ALD”), a leading commercial lighting specialist based in San Diego, California. The transaction was accounted for under the acquisition method of accounting, which requires that the assets purchased and the liabilities assumed all be reported in our financial statements at their fair value, with any excess purchase price over the net assets being reported as goodwill. The application of the acquisition method of accounting represented a change in accounting basis to us. Accordingly, our financial statements and certain note presentations separate our presentations into two distinct periods, the period before the consummation of the transaction (labeled “Predecessor”) and the period after that date (labeled “Successor”), to indicate the application of the different basis of accounting between the periods presented.
 
For financial reporting purposes, ALD was deemed to be the predecessor company and we were deemed to be the successor company in accordance with the rules and regulations issued by the SEC. This change in accounting basis is represented in our unaudited consolidated financial statements by a vertical black line which appears between the columns entitled "Predecessor" and "Successor" on the statements and in the relevant notes. The black line signifies that the amounts shown for the periods prior to and subsequent to the acquisition may not be comparable.

  The predecessor account balances and results of operations are effective through April 30, 2014, as the impact of transactions recorded from April 26, 2014 through April 30, 2014 was not material.

Revenue

Revenue for the three-month period ended September 30, 2015 was $1,458,599, a decrease of $493,245 or approximately 25.3%, as compared to $1,951,844 during the corresponding period in the prior year. Revenue for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015 was $4,020,035, a decrease of $834,995 or approximately 17.2%, as compared to $4,855,030 during the corresponding period in the prior year. The decrease in revenue during both current year periods is attributable to reduced sales levels realized by ALD as compared to the prior year periods.
 
Revenue is derived from distribution, sale and installation of LED and conventional lighting products. Our revenue is subject to fluctuation on both a quarterly and annual basis and is impacted by the timing of significant contracts and utility rebate programs. Historically, we have realized a greater percentage of revenue in the latter half of the calendar year. All of our revenues are derived from within the United States, and we expect that market to continue to be our principal source of revenue.

Gross Margin

Gross margin is calculated by subtracting cost of sales from revenue. Gross margin percentage is calculated by dividing gross margins by revenue. Our gross margin has been and will continue to be affected by a variety of factors, including product mix, our ability to reduce installation costs and fluctuations in the cost of purchased products and components.

Gross margin for three-month period ended September 30, 2015 was $447,899, or 30.7% of revenue, as compared to gross margin of $548,479, or 28.1% of revenue, during the corresponding period in the prior year. Gross margin for nine-month period ended September 30, 2015 was $1,143,627, or 28.4% of revenue, as compared to gross margin $1,378,542, or 28.4% of revenue, during the corresponding period in the prior year. The increase in our gross margins during the three -months ended September 30, 2015 reflects the impact of our product mix, offset in part by certain reserves against obsolete inventory and the liquidation of inventory in Costa Rica as a result of closing that location.
 
Selling and Marketing Expenses

Selling and marketing expenses for the three-month period ended September 30, 2015 were $119,245, or 8.2% of revenues, as compared to $222,633, or 11.4% of revenues, during the corresponding period in the prior year. Selling and marketing expenses for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015 were $390,721, or 9.7% of revenues, as compared to $535,882, or 11.0% of revenues, during the corresponding period in the prior year. The decrease in selling and marketing expenses over the prior year period is largely attributable to the Company’s efforts to reduce advertising and marketing costs, travel and various other business development expenses as a percentage of sale.
 
 
6

 
 
General and Administrative Expenses

General and administrative expenses (“G&A”) for the three-month period ended September 30, 2015 were $553,257, or 37.9% of revenues, as compared to $1,016,012, or 52.1% of revenues, during the corresponding period in the prior year. General and administrative expenses (“G&A”) for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015 were $2,158,671, or 53.7% of revenues, as compared to $2,149,227, or 44.3% of revenues, during the corresponding period in the prior year.

The primary components of our G&A expenses include salaries and benefits, facility and maintenance costs, investor relations activities, public company expenses and various other administrative and office expenses; a substantial portion of which are fixed. We expect to leverage these costs in the future and believe that our G&A expenses, as a percentage of revenue, will decrease in future periods; however, we can offer no assurance.

Professional Fees

Professional fees for the three-month period ended September 30, 2015 were $202,911, or 13.9% of revenue, as compared to $235,109, or 12.0%, during the corresponding period in the prior year. Professional fees for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015 were $852,375, or 21.2% of revenue, as compared to $585,658, or 12.1%, during the corresponding period in the prior year. The increase in professional services for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015 is largely attributable to legal costs which totaled $556,511, as compared to $366,861 in corresponding period of the prior year. Our legal costs have increased as a result of our business divestitures and the various litigation matters as disclosed throughout this Report. The remaining professional fees incurred during the current year period are largely made up of accounting and legal services related to our required financial reporting, tax compliance and general corporate matters.
 
Impairment of Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
 
Goodwill represents the future economic benefit arising from other assets acquired that could not be individually identified and separately recognized. The goodwill arising from our acquisitions is attributable to the value of the potential expanded market opportunity with new customers. Intangible assets have either an identifiable or indefinite useful life. Intangible assets with identifiable useful lives are amortized on a straight-line basis over their economic or legal life, whichever is shorter.
 
Goodwill and indefinite-lived assets are not amortized, but are subject to annual impairment testing unless circumstances dictate more frequent assessments. We perform an annual impairment assessment for goodwill during the fourth quarter of each year and more frequently whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the fair value of the asset may be less than the carrying amount. Goodwill impairment testing is a two-step process performed at the reporting unit level. Step one compares the fair value of the reporting unit to its carrying amount. The fair value of the reporting unit is determined by considering both the income approach and market approaches. The fair values calculated under the income approach and market approaches are weighted based on circumstances surrounding the reporting unit. Under the income approach, we determine fair value based on estimated future cash flows of the reporting unit, which are discounted to the present value using discount factors that consider the timing and risk of cash flows. For the discount rate, we rely on the capital asset pricing model approach, which includes an assessment of the risk-free interest rate, the rate of return from publicly traded stocks, our risk relative to the overall market, our size and industry and other risks specific to us. Other significant assumptions used in the income approach include the terminal value, growth rates, future capital expenditures and changes in future working capital requirements. The market approaches use key multiples from guideline businesses that are comparable and are traded on a public market. If the fair value of the reporting unit is greater than its carrying amount, there is no impairment. If the reporting unit’s carrying amount exceeds its fair value, then the second step must be completed to measure the amount of impairment, if any. Step two calculates the implied fair value of goodwill by deducting the fair value of all tangible and intangible net assets of the reporting unit from the fair value of the reporting unit as calculated in step one. In this step, the fair value of the reporting unit is allocated to all of the reporting unit’s assets and liabilities in a hypothetical purchase price allocation as if the reporting unit had been acquired on that date. If the carrying amount of goodwill exceeds the implied fair value of goodwill, an impairment loss is recognized in an amount equal to the excess.
 
 
7

 
 
Determining the fair value of a reporting unit is judgmental in nature and requires the use of significant estimates and assumptions, including revenue growth rates, strategic plans and future market conditions, among others. There can be no assurance that our estimates and assumptions made for purposes of the goodwill and long-lived asset impairment testing will prove to be accurate predictions of the future. Changes in assumptions and estimates could cause us to perform impairment test prior to scheduled annual impairment tests scheduled in the fourth quarter.

At June 30, 2015, we performed an interim impairment test for long-lived assets and determined that the carrying amount of our exclusive distribution rights with Shanghai Lightsky Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd. was not recoverable as its undiscounted cash flows were less than its carrying amount. We further determined that the fair value of the asset group was less than its carrying value and therefore impairment must be recorded. As a result, we recorded an impairment charge totaling $377,000.

At September 30, 2015, we performed an interim impairment test for long-lived assets and determined that the carrying amount of our exclusive distribution rights with Noveda was not recoverable as its undiscounted cash flows were less than its carrying amount. We further determined that the fair value of the asset group was less than its carrying value and therefore impairment must be recorded. As a result, we recorded an impairment charge totaling $391,009.

Interest Expense, net

Interest expense for the three-month period ended September 30, 2015 was $157,723, as compared to interest expense of $115,685 during the corresponding period in the prior year. Interest expense for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015 was $1,249,136, as compared to interest expense of $171,493 during the corresponding period in the prior year. The increase in interest expense is partially attributable to the inclusion of ForceField’s operating results for a full nine-months as compared to the inclusion of approximately five months in corresponding period of the prior year. Additionally, we recorded non-cash interest charges of $60,929 and $751,013, respectively, in the three and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2015 due to the amortization and write-off of certain deferred financing costs and beneficial conversion features associated with convertible notes in default of interest payments.
  
 Loss on Settlement of Debt

On March 31, 2015, we agreed to exchange 181,818 shares with an equal number of common stock purchase warrants in lieu of cash to satisfy a $1,000,000 promissory note payment owed to an investor. The conversion price granted to the investor for the share exchange were in accord with the terms offered under our equity private placement memorandum. The fair value of the common stock was $1,363,635. The stock purchase warrants were accounted for as equity in accordance with ASC 480 by using the Black-Scholes model. We calculated a relative fair value of $369,779 for these stock purchase warrants. The difference between the fair value of the equity and the settled liability totaled $733,414 and was recorded as a loss on settlement of debt.

Other Gains and Losses

We determine the fair value of contingent consideration based on a probability-weighted discounted cash flow analysis. The fair value re-measurement is based on significant inputs not observable in the market and thus represents a Level 3 measurement as defined in the fair value hierarchy. In each period, we reassess our current estimates of performance relative to the stated targets and adjusts the liability to fair value. Any such adjustments are included as a component of Other Income (Expense) in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss. At September 30, 2015, we recorded of a gain of $641,000 due to the reduction in fair value of the contingent consideration recorded in relation to our acquisition of ALD from $641,000 to nil.
 
 
8

 
 
Provision for Income Taxes

We recorded an income tax benefit of $1,374 for the three-month period ended September 30, 2015, as compared to an income tax benefit of $4,571 during the corresponding period in the prior year. We recorded an income tax benefit of $21,568 for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015, as compared to an income tax benefit of $2,471 during the corresponding period in the prior year.

As of September 30, 2015, we had federal, state and foreign net operating loss carryforwards estimated to be approximately $10.4 million that are available to offset future liabilities for income taxes. We have generally established a valuation allowance against these carryforwards based on an assessment that it is more likely than not that these benefits will not be realized in future years. The federal and state net operating loss carryforwards expire at various dates through 2034.
 
Gain on Divestment of Business Segment

In May 2015, our board of directors authorized us to pursue the sale of ESCO. A sale was effectively completed on June 30, 2015. Pursuant to the agreement, we received $900,000 in cash proceeds, relief from indebtedness and accrued obligations aggregating $3,113,836, and a return of 471,961 shares of our common stock. In addition, we forgave $1,250,000 in intercompany loans made to fund the operations of ESCO. As a result of the divestment, we realized a net gain of $1,060,430.
 
Net Earnings (Loss)
 
During the three-month period ended September 30, 2015, we recorded a net loss of $381,597, or ($0.02) per basic and diluted share, as compared to a loss of $1,242,890, or ($0.08) per basic and diluted share, during the corresponding period in the prior year. During the three-month period ended September 30, 2015, we incurred a net loss attributable to ForceField stockholders of $381,597, or ($0.02) per basic and fully diluted share, as compared to a loss of $1,212,373, or ($0.07) per basic and fully diluted share, during the corresponding period in the prior year.
 
During the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015, we recorded a net loss from continuing operations of $4,537,806, or ($0.25) per basic and diluted share, as compared to a loss of $2,317,237, or ($0.14) per basic and diluted share, during the corresponding period in the prior year. During the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015, we incurred a net loss attributable to ForceField stockholders of $11,435,627, or ($0.63) per basic and fully diluted share, as compared to a loss of $2,301,155, or ($0.14) per basic and fully diluted share, during the corresponding period in the prior year.
 
The weighted average number of basic and fully diluted shares outstanding for the three-month period ended September 30, 2015 was 17,828,189, as compared to 16,255,493 basic and fully diluted shares during the corresponding period in the prior year.

The weighted average number of basic and fully diluted shares outstanding for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015 was 18,010,329, as compared to 16,201,792 basic and fully diluted shares during the corresponding period in the prior year.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
 
At September 30, 2015, we had cash on hand of $853,738, as compared to $598,281 at December 31, 2014. We believe that we have adequate resources on hand to sustain our operations for the next three months. For the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015, we realized negative cash flows from our operating activities from continuing operations of $2,135,410. At September 30, 2015, we had a working capital deficit of $2,979,627, as compared to a working capital deficit of $690,264 at December 31, 2014. The increase in our working capital deficit is largely attributable to the reclassification of our convertible debentures in default due to the nonpayment of principal and interest payments from noncurrent to current obligations.
 
Our ability to continue to meet our obligations in the ordinary course of business is contingent upon our capability of establishing and sustaining profitable operations. It is further contingent upon our ability to raise new capital through debt or equity financing transactions. Proceeds generated from private placements of our common stock and convertible debentures with accredited investors have effectively been the sole source of funding for our operations. During the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015, we raised $3,091,311 in new capital proceeds through these offerings, all of which was raised prior to April 15, 2015. Due to certain events that have occurred at the Company, and as described throughout this Report, we have not been able to raise any new debt or equity capital through private placement efforts since April 15, 2015. We will continue to pursue both debt and equity financing through private placement efforts; however, we can offer no assurance that such capital will be available to us. We also intend to pursue financing alternatives through institutional and asset-based lenders. However, we can offer no assurance that such financings will be available to us on acceptable terms, if at all, or that such transactions will not be highly dilutive to our current shareholders. See “Item 1A. – Risk Factors” below for additional information.
 
 
9

 
 
Net cash used in operating activities from continuing operations was $2,135,410 for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015, as compared to net cash used in operating activities of $1,078,642 in the nine-month period ended September 30, 2014. The material increase in net cash used is largely attributable to our current year net loss from continuing operations of $4,537,806, as compared to a net loss of $2,073,621 recorded during the corresponding period in the prior year.
 
Net cash provided by investing activities from continuing operations for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015 was $878,565, as compared to net cash used of $3,339,277 in the nine-month period ended September 30, 2014. The primary reason for the increase over the prior year period is related to the acquisition of ALD for which we paid $3,180,932 consideration, net of cash received. We divested our 50.3% interest in TransPacific’s ORC heat waste recovery business in exchange for $50,000 in cash consideration and the return of 255,351 shares of our common stock. On the date of the transaction, TransPacific had an aggregate cash balance of $67,054. These balances are included in our Consolidated Balance Sheets at December 31, 2014. Furthermore, we divested our ESCO subsidiary in exchange for $900,000 and the return of 454,545 shares of our common stock.

Net cash provided by financing activities from continuing operations was $2,291,311 for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2015, as compared to $2,061,750 in cash provided by financing activities in the nine-month period ended September 30, 2014. During the nine months ended September 30, 2015, we received $2,691,311 in net proceeds from the issuance of our common stock in connection with private placement offerings and stock purchase warrant exercises. Additionally, we received gross proceeds of $400,000 from convertible debentures. These were offset in part by the repayment of $800,000 in principal on certain promissory notes.

Equity Financings

During the successor period of April 26, 2014 to December 31, 2014, we accepted subscription agreements from investors and issued 540,722 shares of our common stock along with an equal number of stock purchase warrants for gross proceeds of $2,692,500. The cost of these issuances was $220,750. Furthermore, during the period of January 1, 2014 to April 25, 2014, we accepted subscription agreements from investors and issued 167,778 shares of our common stock along with an equal number of stock purchase warrants for gross proceeds totaling $825,000. The cost of these issuances was $82,500.

During the nine-month period ended September 30 2015, we accepted subscription agreements from investors and issued 357,634 shares of our common stock along with an equal number of stock purchase warrants for gross proceeds totaling $1,929,511. The cost of these issuances was $174,200. In addition, during the nine-month period ended September 30 2015, we issued 230,500 shares of our common stock for gross proceeds totaling $1,040,000 following the exercise of an equal amount of stock purchase warrants. The cost of these issuances was $104,000.

We have not received any investment proceeds from new equity issuances since April 15, 2015.

Debt Financings

During the year ended December 31, 2014, we privately placed a series of unsecured, convertible debentures with accredited investors for gross proceeds of $900,000 (of which $300,000 was raised during the predecessor period of January 1 through April 25, 2014). The debentures carry interest rates ranging between 7% and 9% per annum, payable semiannually in cash, for a three-year terms with fixed conversion prices ranging from $5.00 to $7.00 per share if converted within the first year of issuance or fixed conversion prices ranging from $6.00 to $9.00 if converted during the second or third year following issuance.

 
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On April 25, 2014, we issued a series of promissory notes aggregating in $1,000,000 principal to the former stockholders of ALD in connection with the acquisition. The promissory notes carry an interest rate of 5% per annum, payable at maturity, for a one year term and are secured by the assets of ALD.

On October 13, 2014, we received $1,000,000 in loan proceeds from an accredited investor pursuant to the terms of a secured promissory note. The promissory note was due and payable in full by us on December 5, 2014. As consideration for loaning these proceeds to us, the investor was entitled to receive a $40,000 interest payment along with the principal at maturity. This loan was secured by 1,000,000 shares of our common stock owned by our former executive chairman. On December 26, 2014, we repaid all principal and accrued interest amounts associated with this promissory note.
 
On October 17, 2014, we issued two secured promissory notes to the former stockholder of ESCO in connection with the acquisition. The first note totaled $2,075,000, bears interest at 6.02% per annum and is due in April 17, 2016. The note is collateralized by 687,500 restricted shares of our common stock which under no circumstances can become free trading prior to its maturity date. The second note totaled $1,075,000 and was due on November 16, 2014 along with an interest payment of $45,000. At December 31, 2014, all but $255,355 of the principal balance was repaid. The note is collateralized by all of the assets of ESCO. On April 3, 2015, we entered into a note amendment and security interest termination agreement with the stockholder to amend and extend the original terms.
 
On October 31, 2014, we issued an unsecured, convertible debenture for $610,000 to an accredited investor. The debenture carries an interest rate of 9% per annum for a seventeen-month term with a fixed conversion price of $5.50 per share. The principal and interest are payable in twelve equal installments commencing April 30, 2015. The investor received 15,000 shares of our common stock valued at $95,100 as consideration for entering into the debenture agreement.

On December 21, 2014, we received $1,000,000 in loan proceeds from an accredited investor pursuant to the terms of a secured promissory note. The promissory note was due and payable in full by us on March 5, 2015 and is secured by 1,000,000 shares of our common stock owned by our former executive chairman. As consideration for loaning these proceeds to us, the investor was entitled to receive a $50,000 interest payment along with the principal at maturity. On March 5, 2015, we paid $50,000 to the noteholder to settle the interest due on the note. On March 31, 2015, we issued 181,818 shares of our common stock along with an equal number of common stock purchase warrants in lieu of cash to satisfy the $1,000,000 principal payment owed to the noteholder.

On January 12, 2015, we issued an unsecured, convertible debenture for $400,000 to an accredited investor. The cost of this issuance was $28,000. The debenture carries an interest rate of 9% per annum, payable semiannually in cash, for an eighteen-month term with a fixed conversion price of $5.50 per share. The investor received 5,000 shares of our common stock valued at $32,150 as consideration for entering into the debenture agreement.

We have not received any additional proceeds from new debt issuances since January 12, 2015.

Events of Default

 On April 24, 2015, we were informed by the counsel of the former ALD stockholders that the failure to pay all of the principal and accrued interest on the outstanding promissory notes would result in the declaration of default, and that absent full payment of the notes by the maturity date, the former stockholders would commence collection proceedings and seek to enforce all of their contractual, legal and equitable rights under the note and related agreements. These notes were not repaid at their maturity date.

 
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On July 21, 2015, we amended the terms of this convertible note with the noteholders, whereby they agreed to discontinue their collection and collateral foreclosure efforts against us and to restructure the maturity dates of the obligation in return for the following payments from us:

●  
A payment of $650,000 by us against the past due loan balance of $1,062,688.
●  
A payment of $50,000 by us for legal fees incurred by the noteholders.

Going forward, we agreed to pay monthly installments of $25,000 against the remaining principal and interest balance of $412,688 due to the noteholders. The outstanding obligation will accrue interest at 5% per annum. The noteholders, among other terms, retained a security interest in all of the assets of ALD until the remaining obligation is fully satisfied. As of September 30, 2015, the remaining principal and interest balance totaled $370,833.

On April 30, 2015, we were required to pay $50,833 in principal, along with accrued interest of approximately $28,000, per the terms of a convertible note. We failed to make this payment. On May 13, 2015, we received a letter from the noteholders’ counsel alleging certain breaches and declaring the note to be in default. The interest rate on the convertible note increased from 9.0% to 22.0% per annum as a result of the default. The noteholders made a demand for payment and is seeking to enforce all of their contractual, legal and equitable rights under the convertible note and related agreements. The original principal balance on the convertible note is $610,000 and remains outstanding. The note is unsecured.
  
On July 12, 2015, we were required to pay $18,000 in interest per the terms of a $400,000 convertible note dated January 12, 2015. We failed to make this payment. On July 27, 2015, we received a notice of default. The interest rate on the convertible note increased from 9.0% to 15.0% per annum as a result of the default and the noteholder is entitled to $20,000 in legal fees. The noteholder advised us that it reserves any and all rights and remedies to protect its interests under the terms of the convertible note.
 
We are in default for failure to pay interest on fourteen additional convertible notes with an aggregate principal balance of $2,800,000. The interest rate on these notes ranges between 7% and 9% per annum, and does not increase in the event of a default. These notes are unsecured.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

There were no material changes to our critical accounting policies disclosed in the Management’s Discussion and Analysis section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014. See “Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” to our Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements for recent accounting pronouncements.

Management’s discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. On an on-going basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to revenue recognition, valuation of accounts receivable and inventories, purchase price allocation of acquired businesses, impairment of long lived assets and goodwill, valuation of financial instruments, income taxes, and contingencies. Management bases its estimates and judgments on historical experience and on various factors that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates as a result of different assumptions or conditions.
 
OFF BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS

As of September 30, 2015, there were no off balance sheet arrangements.

 
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ITEM 3.     QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

A smaller reporting company is not required to provide the information required by this Item.

ITEM 4.     CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Our management has evaluated, under the supervision and with the participation of our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report pursuant to Rule 13a-15(b) and 15d-15(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”). Based on that evaluation, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer have concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this report, our disclosure controls and procedures are effective in ensuring that information required to be disclosed in our Exchange Act reports is (1) recorded, processed, summarized and reported in a timely manner, and (2) accumulated and communicated to our management, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the period covered by this report that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
 
 
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PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1.     LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
 
Reference is made to the discussion under “Part II, Item 1 – Legal Proceedings - TransPacific Energy Litigation” in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2015.

Class Actions
 
On April 17, 2015, a class action lawsuit against the Company and its officers, Messrs. David Natan and Jason Williams (collectively referred to as the “Individual Defendants”), former chairman and officer Mr. Richard St-Julien, and certain other third parties, was filed in the United States District Court, Southern District of New York. Additional class action complaints were also filed in the Southern District on behalf of all persons who purchased the Company’s securities between September 16, 2013 and April 15, 2015 (together, the “Class Actions”). The Class Actions alleged the Company and the other persons named therein violated Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and Rule 10b-5 promulgated thereunder, and seek an unspecified amount of damages.
 
On July 22, 2015, the Class Actions were consolidated before the Honorable Naomi Reice Buchwald in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (the “Class Action”). On November 6, 2015, the Lead Plaintiff in the Class Action filed a second amended complaint. The Company and Individual Defendants have permission to file a motion to dismiss on or before December 4, 2015.

On October 13, 2015, the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation issued an Order declining to transfer the Class Action to the Eastern District of New York.
 
Derivative Actions

On May 13, 2015, a derivative lawsuit on behalf of the Company was filed in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York against the Individual Defendants, the Company’s directors Kebir Ratnani, Adrian Auman, and David Vanderhorst (collectively referred to as the “Director Defendants” ) and Mr. St-Julien. This lawsuit seeks unspecified damages against these individuals for breaches of their fiduciary duties and unjust enrichment.
 
On May 29, 2015, a second derivative lawsuit (together with the prior derivative lawsuit, the “Federal Derivative Actions”) on behalf of the Company against the same defendants in federal court. This lawsuit seeks unspecified damages against these individuals for breaches of their fiduciary duties, abuse of control, violations of Section 14 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and unjust enrichment. On August 19, 2015, plaintiffs in the Federal Derivative Actions moved to consolidate these two actions and appoint co-lead counsel for the plaintiffs.  This motion is currently pending before judges in the Eastern District of New York.
 
On August 27, 2015, a third derivative lawsuit on behalf of the Company was filed in state court in Clark County, Nevada against the same defendants. This lawsuit seeks unspecified damages against these individuals for breaches of their fiduciary duties, waste of corporate assets, unjust enrichment, aiding and abetting fiduciary violations and gross mismanagement. On November 6, 2015, the Individual Defendants and Director Defendants moved to dismiss this action. This motion is currently pending.
 
Although the ultimate outcome of the Class Actions, Federal Derivative Actions and state-court derivative action cannot be determined with certainty, the Company believes that the allegations stated in the above-described lawsuits are without merit against the Company, Individual Defendants and Director Defendants, and the Company, Individual Defendants and Director Defendants intend to defend themselves vigorously against all allegations set forth therein.

SEC Investigation

On April 21, 2015, the Company received from the staff of the Securities and Exchange Commission, a subpoena for the production of certain documents and information pursuant to a formal order of investigation. The Company is cooperating fully with the SEC in its investigation. Although an SEC investigation is not an indication that any violation of law has occurred, the Company cannot predict the outcome of this inquiry.
 
American Lighting Sellers Litigation

Pursuant to the terms of the ALD stock purchase agreement dated as of April 25, 2014, by and among the Company and ALD and the then stockholders of the ALD (collectively, the “Sellers”) and the Sellers’ representative, as amended to date (the “SPA”), the Company acquired all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of ALD Sellers.  On April 24, 2015, the Company failed to pay any portion of the aggregate balance of $1,050,000 then due under the terms of Seller Notes, which resulted in the Sellers’ representative declaring an event of default under each of the notes. On May 11, 2015 the Sellers’ representative pursuant to Article 9 of Uniform Commercial Code, as in effect in the State of Nevada pursuant to Nevada Revised Statutes Sections 104.9101 commenced a process of foreclosing on certain portions of the collateral.

On June 24, 2015, the Sellers’ representative, acting for and on behalf of the Sellers, filed a complaint in the Superior Court of the State of California for the County of San Diego, captioned Jeffrey J. Brown, in his capacity as Seller Representative vs. ForceField Energy, Inc., et al., Case No. 37-2015-00021180-CU-BC-CTL, seeking, among other things, the full payment of all amounts due under the notes and the cost of collection thereof.

On July 21, 2015, the Company entered into an amendment to the SPA with the Sellers’ representative whereby payment, compliance and certain other terms were amended. On August 3, 2015, the complaint was dismissed without prejudice.
 
 
14

 
 
ITEM 1A.  RISK FACTORS
 
The following risk factors update the Risk Factors disclosed in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 15, 2015 (the “Annual Report”). Except as set forth below, there have been no material changes to the risks described in the Annual Report.
 
Our common stock is no longer listed on The Nasdaq Capital Market and quotations for our common stock may not be readily available as it is currently quoted on The OTC Market Group’s “Grey Market.”

Since May 11, 2015, our common stock has been quoted on The OTC Market Group’s “Grey Market”. Because our common stock is no longer listed on The Nasdaq Capital Market, it is difficult to obtain price quotes for our common stock. Price quotes for our common stock may be available through FINRA’s OTC Reporting Facility as an “other over-the-counter” security. Until such time, if ever, as our common stock is taken off the OTC Market Group’s “Grey Market”, it will be difficult for investors to obtain readily available price quotes for our common stock. This in turn will adversely affect the liquidity, trading market and price of our common stock and our ability to raise new capital.
 
Our common stock may be subject to very limited liquidity.

Our common stock will remain on the OTC Market Group’s “Grey Market” for the foreseeable future which may adversely affect liquidity and the market price of our common stock. Many over-the-counter stocks trade less frequently and in smaller volumes than securities traded on a national securities exchange such as the Nasdaq Market, which would likely have a material adverse effect on the liquidity of our common stock. There may be a limited market for our stock, trading in our stock may become more difficult and our share price could decrease even further. In addition, the trading of our common stock on over-the-counter markets will materially adversely affect our access to the capital markets and our ability to raise capital through alternative financing sources on terms acceptable to us or at all. Securities that trade over-the-counter are no longer eligible for margin loans, and a company trading over-the-counter cannot avail itself of federal preemption of state securities or “blue sky” laws, which adds substantial compliance costs to securities issuances, including those pursuant to employee option plans, stock purchase plans and private or public offerings of securities. There may also be other negative implications, including the potential loss of confidence by suppliers, customers and employees.

The application of the “penny stock” rules could adversely affect the market price of our common stock and increase your transaction costs to sell those shares.

As long as the trading price of our common stock is below $5.00 per share, the open-market trading of our common stock will be subject to the “penny stock” rules. The penny stock rules impose additional sales practice requirements on broker-dealers who sell securities to persons other than established customers and accredited investors (generally those with assets in excess of $1 million or annual income exceeding $200,000 or $300,000 together with their spouses). For transactions covered by these rules, the broker-dealer must make a special suitability determination for the purchase of securities and have received the purchaser’s written consent to the transaction before the purchase. Additionally, for any transaction involving a penny stock, unless exempt, the broker-dealer must deliver, before the transaction, a disclosure schedule prescribed by the Securities and Exchange Commission relating to the penny stock market. The broker-dealer also must disclose the commissions payable to both the broker-dealer and the registered representative and current quotations for the securities. Finally, monthly statements must be sent disclosing recent price information on the limited market in penny stocks. These additional burdens imposed on broker-dealers may restrict the ability or decrease the willingness of broker-dealers to sell our common stock, and may result in decreased liquidity of our common stock and increased transaction costs for sales and purchases of our common stock as compared to other securities.

We are in default in payment of approximately $4.1 million in principal and interest payments due under the terms of unsecured convertible notes issued to the Company at various times during the past three years.
 
Currently we are in default on principal and interest payments with fourteen different noteholders. We have been notified of defaults by two of these noteholders who to date have taken no action against the company. There can be no assurances that these noteholders and other noteholders will not take any action against the Company. Any action by these noteholders could have a material adverse effect on our liquidity, financial condition and results of operations, and could cause us to become bankrupt or insolvent. Since all of our assets are subject to liquidation by the creditors, liquidation could result in no assets being left for the shareholders after the creditors receive their required payment. As such, any failure to secure a resolution or an acceleration of our indebtedness will restrict our ability to operate as a going concern.
 
 
15

 
 
If, among other items, a court were to find in favor of the plaintiffs in any of the class or derivative actions in which we are currently named a defendant, or if such actions continue for an extended period of time, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

We are subject to various litigation matters and an SEC investigation as described elsewhere in this Report and various Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC. Plaintiffs in certain of these actions raise allegations of violations of the federal securities laws and breaches of fiduciary duty, among other claims. Should a court find in favor of the plaintiffs on any or all such claims in any of the current litigation matters, the Company may be required to pay substantial damages to the plaintiffs. Moreover, if the various lawsuits and the SEC investigation were to continue for an extended period of time or if the SEC investigation results in any action brought against us, we may be required to pay substantial legal fees and related costs and expenses. Were any or all such things to happen, to the extent the Company does not have sufficient cash to satisfy such obligations, the Company would need to sell assets, issue additional equity securities or take steps to restructure its balance sheet and capital structure. As part of this process, a filing under Chapter 11 could become necessary, if the Company is unable to sell assets or issue equity securities on commercially reasonable terms, or at all. Accordingly, given the inherent uncertainties of litigation, we have concluded that these matters raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.
 
If we are not able to improve our current cash position and improve our liquidity by raising additional capital, or generating sufficient revenue to pay our debt obligations and fund our operating expenses, we may become insolvent and be unable to continue our business.

If we are unable to raise sufficient funds from additional borrowing or capital raising, or generate sufficient revenues to meet our debt obligations and fund our operating expenses, we may be unable to pay our suppliers and vendors and otherwise be unable to fund our operations leaving us unable to continue our business as a going concern and may cause us to be insolvent and force us to seek protection from creditors. These matters raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.
 
ITEM 2.     UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
 
None.

ITEM 3.     DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES
 
None.
 
ITEM 4.     MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

None.
 
ITEM 5.     OTHER INFORMATION

None.
 
ITEM 6.    EXHIBITS
 
Exhibit Number
 
Description of Exhibit
     
 
Certification of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
 
Certification of the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
 
Certification of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
101.INS
 
XBRL Instance Document
     
101.SCH
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema
     
101.CAL
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase
     
101.DEF
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase
     
101.LAB
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase
     
101.PRE
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase
 
 
16

 
 
SIGNATURES

In accordance with Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, the Company caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
FORCEFIELD ENERGY INC.
 
       
By:
 
     
   
Chief Executive Officer
 
 
 
By:
 
     
   
Chief Accounting and Financial Officer
 
 
 
17

 

Dates Referenced Herein   and   Documents Incorporated by Reference

This ‘10-Q’ Filing    Date    Other Filings
4/17/16
12/31/15
12/4/15
Filed on:11/19/15
11/16/15NT 10-Q
11/6/15
10/13/15
For Period End:9/30/15NT 10-Q
8/27/15
8/19/1510-Q
8/3/15
7/31/15
7/27/15
7/22/15
7/21/15
7/12/15
7/2/158-K
6/30/1510-Q,  NT 10-Q
6/24/15
5/29/15
5/13/15
5/11/1525
5/1/158-K
4/30/1510-K/A
4/25/15
4/24/15
4/21/158-K
4/17/15
4/15/1510-K
4/3/154
3/31/1510-Q,  NT 10-K,  NT 10-Q
3/5/158-K
1/12/15
1/9/15
1/1/15
12/31/1410-K,  10-K/A,  NT 10-K
12/26/14
12/21/14
12/5/14
12/1/14
11/16/14
10/31/14
10/17/148-K,  8-K/A
10/15/14
10/13/14
9/30/1410-Q,  NT 10-Q
9/5/14
7/14/14
4/30/14DEF 14A
4/28/148-K,  D
4/26/14
4/25/148-K,  8-K/A
1/1/14
9/16/13
5/10/128-K
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